Scientific Name - Abutilon darwinii Hook
Popular names - artar de camera, flowering maple.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from S Brazi.
Description - shrub 1-2 (3) m high, pubescent. Stem branched, tomentoasa. Leaves long petiolate, palmate-lobed, 3-5 lobes, terminal lobe acuminata, the heart, irregular edge or under-crenata soiree, tomentoase, petiole 2-6 cm long. Stipele oblong-lanceolate, 6-12 mm long. Flowers axillary, solitary or 2-3; stalk nutant after anteza becomes articulated, 20 cm long, calyx Campanula, lobes triangular-oblonga, acuminata, tomentosi; Corola, petals obovate, round tip, concave, yellow-orange with red veins closed, ovary subglobos, tomentos, 8-locular, ovules 8 x instead.
Growth rate - increasing rapidly.
Tolerances - minimum 10 to 12 C temperatures.
Requirements - prefer well-drained soils, sunny to partly shaded exhibitions.
Management - is clipped spring. Regular summer watering, but not to excess. Less wet winter
Propagation - by seedlings, spring, by seeds.
Diseases and pests - aphids, white fly.
Properties and Uses - in hot climates is grown as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Trees and shrubs
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.