Scientific Name– Acanthus mollis L. 1753
Distribution and Habitat– originating from south-west Europe and north-eastern Africa, grows in shady places, near forests, up to 700 m altitude.
Description– perennial herbaceous plants, 40-100 cm tall. Stem erect, simple. Basal leaves pinnate Party, leaves caulinare-fidate pinnate, toothed lobes. 90 x 30 cm, ribs obvious. Blossom panic, tubular flowers, white with red-purple points, interspersed with needle-thorny bracts. Blooms in March-July.
Growth rate– moderately fast.
Tolerances– not tolerate moisture, soil poorly drained.
Requirements– soil moist, well-drained, in full sun or light shade.
Propagation– by division in spring or autumn. By seeds, sow in spring in a cold frame, or outside as soon as the seed is ripe. Germinates in 3-4 weeks at 10°C.
Pest and Diseases– snails
Properties and Uses– leaves can be used to treat diarrhea and intestinal bleeding.
Curiosity– Acanthus leaves were used as ornaments for the capitals of ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
David S. Mackenzie – Ground Covers – Timber Press, 2006
Hanneke Van Dijk – Border Plants Encyclopedia – Routledge, 1999
Nan Sinton, David Michener – Taylor’s Guide to Ground Covers – Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Norman Taylor, Barbara W. Ellis – Taylor’s Guide to Perennials – Houghton Mifflin, 2001
Jeff Cox – Perennial Al-Stars - Rodale Press, 2002
W. George Schmid – An Encyclopedia of Shade Perennials – Timber Press, 2002
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Aloe vera Mill.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.