Scientific Name– Acanthus mollis L. 1753
Distribution and Habitat– originating from south-west Europe and north-eastern Africa, grows in shady places, near forests, up to 700 m altitude.
Description– perennial herbaceous plants, 40-100 cm tall. Stem erect, simple. Basal leaves pinnate Party, leaves caulinare-fidate pinnate, toothed lobes. 90 x 30 cm, ribs obvious. Blossom panic, tubular flowers, white with red-purple points, interspersed with needle-thorny bracts. Blooms in March-July.
Growth rate– moderately fast.
Tolerances– not tolerate moisture, soil poorly drained.
Requirements– soil moist, well-drained, in full sun or light shade.
Propagation– by division in spring or autumn. By seeds, sow in spring in a cold frame, or outside as soon as the seed is ripe. Germinates in 3-4 weeks at 10°C.
Pest and Diseases– snails
Properties and Uses– leaves can be used to treat diarrhea and intestinal bleeding.
Curiosity– Acanthus leaves were used as ornaments for the capitals of ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
David S. Mackenzie – Ground Covers – Timber Press, 2006
Hanneke Van Dijk – Border Plants Encyclopedia – Routledge, 1999
Nan Sinton, David Michener – Taylor’s Guide to Ground Covers – Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Norman Taylor, Barbara W. Ellis – Taylor’s Guide to Perennials – Houghton Mifflin, 2001
Jeff Cox – Perennial Al-Stars - Rodale Press, 2002
W. George Schmid – An Encyclopedia of Shade Perennials – Timber Press, 2002
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Glycine max - soybean
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree
Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.