Scientific Name– Acanthus mollis L. 1753
Distribution and Habitat– originating from south-west Europe and north-eastern Africa, grows in shady places, near forests, up to 700 m altitude.
Description– perennial herbaceous plants, 40-100 cm tall. Stem erect, simple. Basal leaves pinnate Party, leaves caulinare-fidate pinnate, toothed lobes. 90 x 30 cm, ribs obvious. Blossom panic, tubular flowers, white with red-purple points, interspersed with needle-thorny bracts. Blooms in March-July.
Growth rate– moderately fast.
Tolerances– not tolerate moisture, soil poorly drained.
Requirements– soil moist, well-drained, in full sun or light shade.
Propagation– by division in spring or autumn. By seeds, sow in spring in a cold frame, or outside as soon as the seed is ripe. Germinates in 3-4 weeks at 10°C.
Pest and Diseases– snails
Properties and Uses– leaves can be used to treat diarrhea and intestinal bleeding.
Curiosity– Acanthus leaves were used as ornaments for the capitals of ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
David S. Mackenzie – Ground Covers – Timber Press, 2006
Hanneke Van Dijk – Border Plants Encyclopedia – Routledge, 1999
Nan Sinton, David Michener – Taylor’s Guide to Ground Covers – Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Norman Taylor, Barbara W. Ellis – Taylor’s Guide to Perennials – Houghton Mifflin, 2001
Jeff Cox – Perennial Al-Stars - Rodale Press, 2002
W. George Schmid – An Encyclopedia of Shade Perennials – Timber Press, 2002
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.