Scientific Name– Acanthus mollis L. 1753
Distribution and Habitat– originating from south-west Europe and north-eastern Africa, grows in shady places, near forests, up to 700 m altitude.
Description– perennial herbaceous plants, 40-100 cm tall. Stem erect, simple. Basal leaves pinnate Party, leaves caulinare-fidate pinnate, toothed lobes. 90 x 30 cm, ribs obvious. Blossom panic, tubular flowers, white with red-purple points, interspersed with needle-thorny bracts. Blooms in March-July.
Growth rate– moderately fast.
Tolerances– not tolerate moisture, soil poorly drained.
Requirements– soil moist, well-drained, in full sun or light shade.
Propagation– by division in spring or autumn. By seeds, sow in spring in a cold frame, or outside as soon as the seed is ripe. Germinates in 3-4 weeks at 10°C.
Pest and Diseases– snails
Properties and Uses– leaves can be used to treat diarrhea and intestinal bleeding.
Curiosity– Acanthus leaves were used as ornaments for the capitals of ancient Greek and Roman architecture.
David S. Mackenzie – Ground Covers – Timber Press, 2006
Hanneke Van Dijk – Border Plants Encyclopedia – Routledge, 1999
Nan Sinton, David Michener – Taylor’s Guide to Ground Covers – Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Norman Taylor, Barbara W. Ellis – Taylor’s Guide to Perennials – Houghton Mifflin, 2001
Jeff Cox – Perennial Al-Stars - Rodale Press, 2002
W. George Schmid – An Encyclopedia of Shade Perennials – Timber Press, 2002
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.