Scientific Name– Acca sellowiana
Common name(s)– pineapple guava, feijoa, Goiaba do Campo, Goiaberra Serrana, Guayaba Chilena.
Distribution and Habitat– native to southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Argentina, grown in southern India.
Description– shrub or small tree, evergreen, 0.9-7 m tall, gray bark. Leaves opposite, elliptical language, or oblong-elliptic, 2,8-7 x 1,5-4 cm, top obtuse, smooth, shiny green on top, the white tomentoase on the underside. Blossom in bunches of 1-3 flowers axillary or terminal. Calyx tube and outside sepals are white tomentoase. Petals white or pink on the outside, purple or pink-lilac on the inside, 2 inches long. Stamens 1.5-2.5 cm long, anther filaments purple and yellow. Blooms in May-June. Fruit green or green-yellow, at maturity orange-red, oblong or ovoid-elliptical, 2.5-8 x 2,8-5 cm. Pollination is anemophily and entomophily.
Growth rate– slow-moderate.
Tolerances– temperatures up to -8 ˚ C for short periods. Tolerate salinity and drought, can be used for hedges, supporting good trimming.
Requirements– grows in full sun, well drained soil, slightly acid or neutral. During the vegetation period is regular watering and liquid fertilizers are applied monthly. Winter is wet less often.
Management– after blooming can make cuts, auto.
Propagation– by seeds is sown soon after ripening fruit, germinate in six weeks at temperatures of 13-16 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati with heel, 5-7 cm, July-August or early spring through erbacei seedlings.
Pest and Diseases– Armillaria, Botrytis cinerea, Ceratis capitata, Ceroplastes sinensis, Phytophthora, Pythium.
Cultivars– ‘Coolidge’, ‘Mammoth’ (robust si viguros), ‘Nazemetz’ (fructe dulci, comestibile), ‘Superba’ (are nevoie de un alt cultivar pentru polenizare), ‘Trask’ (fruct verde inchis, rosu la maturitate), ‘Unique’ (robust si viguros; fruct dulce), ‘Variegata’ (frunze cu margini iregulat patate cu crem-alb).
Properties and Uses– petals are edible, can be used in salads. Realize at the age of 5 years. The fruits are edible, vitamin C, vitamin P, does not lose its flavor by boiling. It mixes well with bananas, oranges, raspberries, papaya.
C.P. Khare – Indian Medicinal Plants – Springer, 2007
Hugo Latymer – The Mediterranean Gardener – Frances Lincoln, 2001
Liliana Villegas – Delicious Tropical Fruits – Vilegas Editores, 2002
Marie Harrison – Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the Siuth – Pineapple Press, 2009
Sean Hogan – Trees for All Seasons – Timber Press, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Pinus coulteri D. Don
Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.