Scientific Name– Acca sellowiana
Common name(s)– pineapple guava, feijoa, Goiaba do Campo, Goiaberra Serrana, Guayaba Chilena.
Distribution and Habitat– native to southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Argentina, grown in southern India.
Description– shrub or small tree, evergreen, 0.9-7 m tall, gray bark. Leaves opposite, elliptical language, or oblong-elliptic, 2,8-7 x 1,5-4 cm, top obtuse, smooth, shiny green on top, the white tomentoase on the underside. Blossom in bunches of 1-3 flowers axillary or terminal. Calyx tube and outside sepals are white tomentoase. Petals white or pink on the outside, purple or pink-lilac on the inside, 2 inches long. Stamens 1.5-2.5 cm long, anther filaments purple and yellow. Blooms in May-June. Fruit green or green-yellow, at maturity orange-red, oblong or ovoid-elliptical, 2.5-8 x 2,8-5 cm. Pollination is anemophily and entomophily.
Growth rate– slow-moderate.
Tolerances– temperatures up to -8 ˚ C for short periods. Tolerate salinity and drought, can be used for hedges, supporting good trimming.
Requirements– grows in full sun, well drained soil, slightly acid or neutral. During the vegetation period is regular watering and liquid fertilizers are applied monthly. Winter is wet less often.
Management– after blooming can make cuts, auto.
Propagation– by seeds is sown soon after ripening fruit, germinate in six weeks at temperatures of 13-16 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati with heel, 5-7 cm, July-August or early spring through erbacei seedlings.
Pest and Diseases– Armillaria, Botrytis cinerea, Ceratis capitata, Ceroplastes sinensis, Phytophthora, Pythium.
Cultivars– ‘Coolidge’, ‘Mammoth’ (robust si viguros), ‘Nazemetz’ (fructe dulci, comestibile), ‘Superba’ (are nevoie de un alt cultivar pentru polenizare), ‘Trask’ (fruct verde inchis, rosu la maturitate), ‘Unique’ (robust si viguros; fruct dulce), ‘Variegata’ (frunze cu margini iregulat patate cu crem-alb).
Properties and Uses– petals are edible, can be used in salads. Realize at the age of 5 years. The fruits are edible, vitamin C, vitamin P, does not lose its flavor by boiling. It mixes well with bananas, oranges, raspberries, papaya.
C.P. Khare – Indian Medicinal Plants – Springer, 2007
Hugo Latymer – The Mediterranean Gardener – Frances Lincoln, 2001
Liliana Villegas – Delicious Tropical Fruits – Vilegas Editores, 2002
Marie Harrison – Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the Siuth – Pineapple Press, 2009
Sean Hogan – Trees for All Seasons – Timber Press, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
Syringa vulgaris L.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.