31
Mar
2009
Acca sellowiana
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific Name– Acca sellowiana

Synonim– Feijoa sellowiana

Common name(s)– pineapple guava, feijoa, Goiaba do Campo, Goiaberra Serrana, Guayaba Chilena. 

Distribution and Habitat– native to southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Argentina, grown in southern India.

Description– shrub or small tree, evergreen, 0.9-7 m tall, gray bark. Leaves opposite, elliptical language, or oblong-elliptic, 2,8-7 x 1,5-4 cm, top obtuse, smooth, shiny green on top, the white tomentoase on the underside. Blossom in bunches of 1-3 flowers axillary or terminal. Calyx tube and outside sepals are white tomentoase. Petals white or pink on the outside, purple or pink-lilac on the inside, 2 inches long. Stamens 1.5-2.5 cm long, anther filaments purple and yellow. Blooms in May-June. Fruit green or green-yellow, at maturity orange-red, oblong or ovoid-elliptical, 2.5-8 x 2,8-5 cm. Pollination is anemophily and entomophily.

Growth rate– slow-moderate.

Tolerances– temperatures up to -8 ˚ C for short periods. Tolerate salinity and drought, can be used for hedges, supporting good trimming.

Requirements– grows in full sun, well drained soil, slightly acid or neutral. During the vegetation period is regular watering and liquid fertilizers are applied monthly. Winter is wet less often.

Management– after blooming can make cuts, auto.

Propagation– by seeds is sown soon after ripening fruit, germinate in six weeks at temperatures of 13-16 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati with heel, 5-7 cm, July-August or early spring through erbacei seedlings.

Pest and Diseases– Armillaria, Botrytis cinerea, Ceratis capitata, Ceroplastes sinensis, Phytophthora, Pythium.

Garden Partners– Carpenteria californicaIteaTeucrium fruticans.

Cultivars– ‘Coolidge’, ‘Mammoth’ (robust si viguros), ‘Nazemetz’ (fructe dulci, comestibile), ‘Superba’ (are nevoie de un alt cultivar pentru polenizare), ‘Trask’ (fruct verde inchis, rosu la maturitate), ‘Unique’ (robust si viguros; fruct dulce), ‘Variegata’ (frunze cu margini iregulat patate cu crem-alb).

Properties and Uses– petals are edible, can be used in salads. Realize at the age of 5 years. The fruits are edible, vitamin C, vitamin P, does not lose its flavor by boiling. It mixes well with bananas, oranges, raspberries, papaya.

Bibliography

C.P. Khare – Indian Medicinal Plants – Springer, 2007

Hugo Latymer – The Mediterranean Gardener – Frances Lincoln, 2001

Liliana Villegas – Delicious Tropical Fruits – Vilegas Editores, 2002

Marie Harrison – Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the Siuth – Pineapple Press, 2009

Sean Hogan – Trees for All Seasons – Timber Press, 2008

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