Scientific Name– Acca sellowiana
Common name(s)– pineapple guava, feijoa, Goiaba do Campo, Goiaberra Serrana, Guayaba Chilena.
Distribution and Habitat– native to southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Argentina, grown in southern India.
Description– shrub or small tree, evergreen, 0.9-7 m tall, gray bark. Leaves opposite, elliptical language, or oblong-elliptic, 2,8-7 x 1,5-4 cm, top obtuse, smooth, shiny green on top, the white tomentoase on the underside. Blossom in bunches of 1-3 flowers axillary or terminal. Calyx tube and outside sepals are white tomentoase. Petals white or pink on the outside, purple or pink-lilac on the inside, 2 inches long. Stamens 1.5-2.5 cm long, anther filaments purple and yellow. Blooms in May-June. Fruit green or green-yellow, at maturity orange-red, oblong or ovoid-elliptical, 2.5-8 x 2,8-5 cm. Pollination is anemophily and entomophily.
Growth rate– slow-moderate.
Tolerances– temperatures up to -8 ˚ C for short periods. Tolerate salinity and drought, can be used for hedges, supporting good trimming.
Requirements– grows in full sun, well drained soil, slightly acid or neutral. During the vegetation period is regular watering and liquid fertilizers are applied monthly. Winter is wet less often.
Management– after blooming can make cuts, auto.
Propagation– by seeds is sown soon after ripening fruit, germinate in six weeks at temperatures of 13-16 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati with heel, 5-7 cm, July-August or early spring through erbacei seedlings.
Pest and Diseases– Armillaria, Botrytis cinerea, Ceratis capitata, Ceroplastes sinensis, Phytophthora, Pythium.
Cultivars– ‘Coolidge’, ‘Mammoth’ (robust si viguros), ‘Nazemetz’ (fructe dulci, comestibile), ‘Superba’ (are nevoie de un alt cultivar pentru polenizare), ‘Trask’ (fruct verde inchis, rosu la maturitate), ‘Unique’ (robust si viguros; fruct dulce), ‘Variegata’ (frunze cu margini iregulat patate cu crem-alb).
Properties and Uses– petals are edible, can be used in salads. Realize at the age of 5 years. The fruits are edible, vitamin C, vitamin P, does not lose its flavor by boiling. It mixes well with bananas, oranges, raspberries, papaya.
C.P. Khare – Indian Medicinal Plants – Springer, 2007
Hugo Latymer – The Mediterranean Gardener – Frances Lincoln, 2001
Liliana Villegas – Delicious Tropical Fruits – Vilegas Editores, 2002
Marie Harrison – Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the Siuth – Pineapple Press, 2009
Sean Hogan – Trees for All Seasons – Timber Press, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree
Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.