Scientific Name– Acca sellowiana
Common name(s)– pineapple guava, feijoa, Goiaba do Campo, Goiaberra Serrana, Guayaba Chilena.
Distribution and Habitat– native to southern Brazil, Uruguay and northern Argentina, grown in southern India.
Description– shrub or small tree, evergreen, 0.9-7 m tall, gray bark. Leaves opposite, elliptical language, or oblong-elliptic, 2,8-7 x 1,5-4 cm, top obtuse, smooth, shiny green on top, the white tomentoase on the underside. Blossom in bunches of 1-3 flowers axillary or terminal. Calyx tube and outside sepals are white tomentoase. Petals white or pink on the outside, purple or pink-lilac on the inside, 2 inches long. Stamens 1.5-2.5 cm long, anther filaments purple and yellow. Blooms in May-June. Fruit green or green-yellow, at maturity orange-red, oblong or ovoid-elliptical, 2.5-8 x 2,8-5 cm. Pollination is anemophily and entomophily.
Growth rate– slow-moderate.
Tolerances– temperatures up to -8 ˚ C for short periods. Tolerate salinity and drought, can be used for hedges, supporting good trimming.
Requirements– grows in full sun, well drained soil, slightly acid or neutral. During the vegetation period is regular watering and liquid fertilizers are applied monthly. Winter is wet less often.
Management– after blooming can make cuts, auto.
Propagation– by seeds is sown soon after ripening fruit, germinate in six weeks at temperatures of 13-16 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati with heel, 5-7 cm, July-August or early spring through erbacei seedlings.
Pest and Diseases– Armillaria, Botrytis cinerea, Ceratis capitata, Ceroplastes sinensis, Phytophthora, Pythium.
Cultivars– ‘Coolidge’, ‘Mammoth’ (robust si viguros), ‘Nazemetz’ (fructe dulci, comestibile), ‘Superba’ (are nevoie de un alt cultivar pentru polenizare), ‘Trask’ (fruct verde inchis, rosu la maturitate), ‘Unique’ (robust si viguros; fruct dulce), ‘Variegata’ (frunze cu margini iregulat patate cu crem-alb).
Properties and Uses– petals are edible, can be used in salads. Realize at the age of 5 years. The fruits are edible, vitamin C, vitamin P, does not lose its flavor by boiling. It mixes well with bananas, oranges, raspberries, papaya.
C.P. Khare – Indian Medicinal Plants – Springer, 2007
Hugo Latymer – The Mediterranean Gardener – Frances Lincoln, 2001
Liliana Villegas – Delicious Tropical Fruits – Vilegas Editores, 2002
Marie Harrison – Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the Siuth – Pineapple Press, 2009
Sean Hogan – Trees for All Seasons – Timber Press, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.
Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A
The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.