Scientific Name – Aeonium arboreum
Synonim – Sempervivum arboretum L.
Common name(s) – tree aeonium, tree houseleek, ensaiao, saiao, garchosilla, siemperviva mayor, kalluwa.
Distribution and Habitat – it is native to Morocco in northern Africa and the southern Mediterranean islands.
Description – subshrub, stem woody at base, are often branching. Leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes, 10-25 cm diameter; leaves 5-15 x 1-4 cm, glossy, light green to yellow-green, long-spatulate, margined with fine white hairs, acuminate, bases cuneate. Inflorescences pyramidal panicles, 10-25 x 10-15 cm; peduncul 5-20 cm; pedicel 2-12 mm; flowers 9-11, bright yellow, sepals pubescent, petals 5-7 x 1.5-2 mm. Flowering in December-April. n = 18.
Growth rate – grow 2 m in its native habitat, though more like 30-90 cm in cool-temperates climates.
Tolerances – tolerate summer water, but prefer to be on the dry side.
Requirements – prefer porous, well-drained soil.
Propagation – by seeds, and cultivars by cuttings. Trim each cutting to 9 cm long and insert in a pot of gritty compost to root.
Pest and Diseases –
Garden Partners – Agave celsii, Aloe striata, Kalanchoe sp., Senecio serpens.
Cultivars – ‘ Atropurpureum’ – cultivar with vegetative parts colored deep copper to dark purple in the summer. It needs full sun to attain the most color.
‘Luteovariegatum’ has green leaves with wide margins of light yellow.
‘Zwartkop’ has glossy leaves, dark purple, new growth is greener. Do fine in full sun, prefer partial shade, especially in areas that have harsh summers.
Properties and Uses
Daniel Guillot Ortiz, Emilio Laguna Lumbreras, Josep Antoni Rossellò Picornell – La familia Crassulaceae en la flora aloctona valenciana – CEDro, 2009
Umberto Quattrocchi – CRC World Dictionary of Plants Names – CRC Press, 1999
Cactus and succulent plants
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819
Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Culture and maintenance of species of Tillandsia
Of all the plants discovered by Elias Tillandsia, Tillandsia is the most fascinating kind for the variety of forms, the beauty of flowers and original way to hranii without using root.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958