Scientific Name – Aeonium arboreum
Synonim – Sempervivum arboretum L.
Common name(s) – tree aeonium, tree houseleek, ensaiao, saiao, garchosilla, siemperviva mayor, kalluwa.
Distribution and Habitat – it is native to Morocco in northern Africa and the southern Mediterranean islands.
Description – subshrub, stem woody at base, are often branching. Leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes, 10-25 cm diameter; leaves 5-15 x 1-4 cm, glossy, light green to yellow-green, long-spatulate, margined with fine white hairs, acuminate, bases cuneate. Inflorescences pyramidal panicles, 10-25 x 10-15 cm; peduncul 5-20 cm; pedicel 2-12 mm; flowers 9-11, bright yellow, sepals pubescent, petals 5-7 x 1.5-2 mm. Flowering in December-April. n = 18.
Growth rate – grow 2 m in its native habitat, though more like 30-90 cm in cool-temperates climates.
Tolerances – tolerate summer water, but prefer to be on the dry side.
Requirements – prefer porous, well-drained soil.
Propagation – by seeds, and cultivars by cuttings. Trim each cutting to 9 cm long and insert in a pot of gritty compost to root.
Pest and Diseases –
Garden Partners – Agave celsii, Aloe striata, Kalanchoe sp., Senecio serpens.
Cultivars – ‘ Atropurpureum’ – cultivar with vegetative parts colored deep copper to dark purple in the summer. It needs full sun to attain the most color.
‘Luteovariegatum’ has green leaves with wide margins of light yellow.
‘Zwartkop’ has glossy leaves, dark purple, new growth is greener. Do fine in full sun, prefer partial shade, especially in areas that have harsh summers.
Properties and Uses
Daniel Guillot Ortiz, Emilio Laguna Lumbreras, Josep Antoni Rossellò Picornell – La familia Crassulaceae en la flora aloctona valenciana – CEDro, 2009
Umberto Quattrocchi – CRC World Dictionary of Plants Names – CRC Press, 1999
Cactus and succulent plants
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958
Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.
Manure for such plants must be done with fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium.
Nitrogen should be given in limited quantities, that stimulates plant growth, weakens tissues and increases perspiration. Manure must be made during late winter to spring to stimulate growth and flowering.
Compositions with Camelia, Azalea and Hyacinthus
Camellia, Rhododendron and Hyacinthus - a simple way to celebrate spring is to cultivate these species.Brilliant blue of Hyacinthus "Blue Skies" with Hyacinthus 'Hollyhock', Rhododendron 'Vuyk's Warriors "and Camellia japonica' CM Wilson 'double pink flowers on a dark green background provided by Hedera helix' Heron's Foot" and Cymbalaria muralis "globosa "grown in terracotta pots on the balcony or terrace, without the need of transfer for several successive years.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819
Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.