Scientific name - Aesculus hippocastanum L.
Popular names - castanul porcesc, Horse chestnut, ippocastano, castagno d’India.
Distribution and Habitat - grows spontaneously in South America, Asia Minorfrom plain to 1200 m altitude.
Description - tall tree up to 25 m, with stem 1 m thick at the base, straight or slightly twisted, bark thick, dark, hang on plates. High crown, globular, thick, has lujerii glabra, thick, with large buds (2 cm), swollen, sticky. Large leaves are palmate-lobate, obovata, with 5.7 leaflets of 10-25 cm long, cumin, base cuneat, margins obtuse evening, the started inside rusty hairy, then glabrous. Long petiole is 15-20 m. Polygamous flowers, white, stained red by approx. 2 cm long, are trapped in panicule, erect, pyramidal, or ilindrice, 20-30cm high, open in May or June. Fruit is deshiscent, spiny, globular, of that. 6 cm in diameter, with 3 valves flashy, with large seeds 1.2 (chestnut), oblate-spherical, brown, shiny, with a bitter taste, are not edible. Fruiting annually in August in September. Longevity, 150 years.
Tolerances - supports trimming, the crown may be headed in different forms, tolerates a light shading. Less resistant to salinity of land and atmospheric agents, such occurrence causing rust on the leaves
Requirements - require deep, rich, light, sandy soil. Species not support acidofila limestone land.
Propagation - by seeds and ornamental varieties by grafting in occultation, between July 15 and August 15, the stock of 1 year. The seeds are planted immediately after fruit ripening as quickly lose their germination.
Pests and diseases - is resistant to frost, but is injured by drought, the arsita and smoke that attack leaves that turn yellow and is necrozeaza edge.
Cameraria ohridella attack leaves causing leaf drying.
Properties and Uses - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Bark and branches aremintele have astringent properties, antihemoroidale, vaso-protective.
Bark is harvested in March, before the plant to get in vegetation, from lujerii two to three years. Seeds are collected from their fall in October. Both bark and seeds cut in half is dried in the sun, and preserved in paper bags or cotton.
For hemorrhoids, is a decoction of 6 g of seeds in 100 ml of water, are washing, packing and local compresses for 15 minutes.
Flour from seeds of Aesculus hippocastanum fused bath water has an effect ofurgent, refreshed and tonificant.
Curiosity - in the last fruit was used for feeding, where it comes from popular name. Seeds are used to produce flour and, after roasting, a coffee substitute.
Trees and shrubs
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.