09
Jan
2009
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Cactus and succulent plants | House Plant | Liliopsida

Popular name for Agapanthus: English - Lily of the Nile, Africa - agape, Zulu - ubani.

Agapanthus has been described for the first time in 1679 and was named by L'Heritier in 1788. The name derives from the Greek 'agape' - love and 'anthis' - relating to flower

Herbaceous perennial species semi-rural or rural, endemic to southern Africa, growing at altitudes up to 2000 m. peduncle may reach 2 m high. The leaves are 50 cm long, nastriforme or linear, green or glauca, basal, curved, entire, decidue or evergreen. Umbela blossom, large terminals, wrapped by a single bracts, borne of a long and strong stem, 30-45 flowers blue-purple to white, campanulata, 6 tepale, 3 interior and 3outer 6 stamens, pedicel thin. The flowers do not open at the same timp.Fruct capsule, containing seeds and wings, black. Pollination is done by bees, wind or birds (Cinnyris AFER).

Adapt and on poor soils, but prefer rich land, fertile and good drainage, with a good layer of manure to the soil surface. If grown in pot need regular fertilization with liquid manure. Exhibition needs sunny, summer is often wet and not wet in winter. Adapters is required each year, spring.

Temperature over the winter should not fall below 4 ° C.

It is excellent for large wafers or curbs. It needs protection in winter.

Multiply by division, spring every 3-4 years, and the seeds in warm greenhouse immediately after racoltarea seeds. Germination takes place after 1-3 months at temperatures of 12 to 15 ° C. Flowering takes place after 2-3 years.

Cold andexcess moisture in winter can kill the plant.

Diseases and pests: slugs.

Characteristics: roots of Agapanthus contain saponin. By crushing the leaves can cause skin irritations.

Agapanthus campanulatus is a herb. Crushed roots are tonic can cure rash, relieve menstrual pain.

A decoction of the rhizome and roots of Agapanthus praecos be used for women before and after birth.

Agapanthus species:

Agapanthus africanus - increase to 1000 m altitude, the species was first described in 1679. Evergreen leaves, 35 cm long, 1.5 to 2 cm wide, canaliculata, top obtuse or subacute. Composed of 12-30 flowers blossom clocks, blue-violet open 2.5 x 5.4 inches long, bloom from December to April.

Agapanthus campanulatus - 40 - 90 cm high. Leaves decidue. 23 flowers umbela, celestial blue, blooming from December to March, anther blue, lilac pollen. Rustic be the most appropriate species for gardens in cold areas.

Agapanthus caulescens - was described in 1901 by Sprenger. Leaves decidue. Dark blue flowers from the sky. Prior to blue, lilac pollen. The best time for breeding is spring when new leaves start to give.

Agapanthus CoddII - decidue leaves, 15 - 45 cm long and 3-5 cm wide. Blue flowers open on a stalk of 1 to 1.5 m. Prior to blue, lilac pollen.

Agapanthus inapertus - 6 to 8 leaves decidue. Tubular flowers and clocks, dark purple flowers on a stalk nearly 1.5 m high. Blooming from January to March.

Agapanthus praecos - 6 to 20 leaves, evergreen, 25 - 70 cm high. Blue flowers, blooming from December to April.

Over 130 are known cultivation.

For a valuable decoration Agapanthus species are used in combination with Crocosmia, Iris, Kniphofia, Phygelius, Potentilla.

References

Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin, 2000

ChristopherHolliday, Jerry Harpur - Sharp Gardening - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2005

Frances Tenenbaum, Steve Buchanan - Taylor's Guide to Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994

Helen Dillon - Helen Dillon's Garden Book - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007

John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005

Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998

Marie Harrison - Groundcovers for the South - Pineapple Press, 2006

Susan Carter, Carrie Becker, Bob Lilly - Perennials: The Gardener's Reference - Timber Press, 2007

Thad M. Howard - Bulbs for Warm climates - University of Texas Press, 2001

The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - The European Garden Flora - Cambridge Press, 1986

Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007

Wim Snoeijer - Agapanthus: A Revision of the Genus - Timber Press, 2004

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