09
Jan
2009
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Cactus and succulent plants | House Plant | Liliopsida

Popular name for Agapanthus: English - Lily of the Nile, Africa - agape, Zulu - ubani.

Agapanthus has been described for the first time in 1679 and was named by L'Heritier in 1788. The name derives from the Greek 'agape' - love and 'anthis' - relating to flower

Herbaceous perennial species semi-rural or rural, endemic to southern Africa, growing at altitudes up to 2000 m. peduncle may reach 2 m high. The leaves are 50 cm long, nastriforme or linear, green or glauca, basal, curved, entire, decidue or evergreen. Umbela blossom, large terminals, wrapped by a single bracts, borne of a long and strong stem, 30-45 flowers blue-purple to white, campanulata, 6 tepale, 3 interior and 3outer 6 stamens, pedicel thin. The flowers do not open at the same timp.Fruct capsule, containing seeds and wings, black. Pollination is done by bees, wind or birds (Cinnyris AFER).

Adapt and on poor soils, but prefer rich land, fertile and good drainage, with a good layer of manure to the soil surface. If grown in pot need regular fertilization with liquid manure. Exhibition needs sunny, summer is often wet and not wet in winter. Adapters is required each year, spring.

Temperature over the winter should not fall below 4 ° C.

It is excellent for large wafers or curbs. It needs protection in winter.

Multiply by division, spring every 3-4 years, and the seeds in warm greenhouse immediately after racoltarea seeds. Germination takes place after 1-3 months at temperatures of 12 to 15 ° C. Flowering takes place after 2-3 years.

Cold andexcess moisture in winter can kill the plant.

Diseases and pests: slugs.

Characteristics: roots of Agapanthus contain saponin. By crushing the leaves can cause skin irritations.

Agapanthus campanulatus is a herb. Crushed roots are tonic can cure rash, relieve menstrual pain.

A decoction of the rhizome and roots of Agapanthus praecos be used for women before and after birth.

Agapanthus species:

Agapanthus africanus - increase to 1000 m altitude, the species was first described in 1679. Evergreen leaves, 35 cm long, 1.5 to 2 cm wide, canaliculata, top obtuse or subacute. Composed of 12-30 flowers blossom clocks, blue-violet open 2.5 x 5.4 inches long, bloom from December to April.

Agapanthus campanulatus - 40 - 90 cm high. Leaves decidue. 23 flowers umbela, celestial blue, blooming from December to March, anther blue, lilac pollen. Rustic be the most appropriate species for gardens in cold areas.

Agapanthus caulescens - was described in 1901 by Sprenger. Leaves decidue. Dark blue flowers from the sky. Prior to blue, lilac pollen. The best time for breeding is spring when new leaves start to give.

Agapanthus CoddII - decidue leaves, 15 - 45 cm long and 3-5 cm wide. Blue flowers open on a stalk of 1 to 1.5 m. Prior to blue, lilac pollen.

Agapanthus inapertus - 6 to 8 leaves decidue. Tubular flowers and clocks, dark purple flowers on a stalk nearly 1.5 m high. Blooming from January to March.

Agapanthus praecos - 6 to 20 leaves, evergreen, 25 - 70 cm high. Blue flowers, blooming from December to April.

Over 130 are known cultivation.

For a valuable decoration Agapanthus species are used in combination with Crocosmia, Iris, Kniphofia, Phygelius, Potentilla.

References

Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin, 2000

ChristopherHolliday, Jerry Harpur - Sharp Gardening - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2005

Frances Tenenbaum, Steve Buchanan - Taylor's Guide to Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994

Helen Dillon - Helen Dillon's Garden Book - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007

John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005

Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998

Marie Harrison - Groundcovers for the South - Pineapple Press, 2006

Susan Carter, Carrie Becker, Bob Lilly - Perennials: The Gardener's Reference - Timber Press, 2007

Thad M. Howard - Bulbs for Warm climates - University of Texas Press, 2001

The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - The European Garden Flora - Cambridge Press, 1986

Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007

Wim Snoeijer - Agapanthus: A Revision of the Genus - Timber Press, 2004

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Cactus and succulent plants
Succulent plants - overview

Succulent plants have a variety of forms, many being common as ornamentals. Used for foliage and flowers to decorate their rooms, balconies, terraces and gardens. Agave and Furcraea gardens can grow even in soil, on rocks.

 
Mammillaria tlalocii

Mammillaria tlalocii 'caespitosa' - cactus global branch at the base. Tulpuna spherical, time becomes columnara, 20 x 7 cm. 16-22 thorns radial, 1-2 mm long. 2.4 spin central, 6-10 mm long, dark brown. Flower pink-carmine, 12-14 x 8-10 mm.

 
Hatiora gaertneri

Hatiora gaertneri pendence is a shrub, very branched. Originally from southeastern Brazil, which grows at altitudes of 350-1300 m. The stem is segmented, each segment is about 5 cm, with small notches on the edges, green mat. Is devoid of thorns, or are very small.

 
Kalanchoe eriophylla

Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.

Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.

 
Cactus fertilization

Manure for such plants must be done with fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium.

Nitrogen should be given in limited quantities, that stimulates plant growth, weakens tissues and increases perspiration. Manure must be made during late winter to spring to stimulate growth and flowering.

 
House Plant
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia is a genus containing five species of perennial, originating from southern Africa belong to the family Strelitziaceae.

Genus name is derived from the queen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of England, promoter of botany.

 
Cultivation and maintenance of species Begonia rex

Rizomatoasa species. Leaves ovata, 20 cm long, the edges present pear, green metallic dark green stripe in the center and on the languages, separated by a concentric zone silver. Flowers pink, 3 cm in diameter. Blooms in winter.

 
Cymbidium

Genus Cymbidium originates from tropical Asia and Australia, comprises about 50-60 species of terrestrial orchids, but are growing on the ground and rocks, and the trees.

The name derives from 'kymbos'-boat, be for the label.

 
Lotus maculatus Breitf.

Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.

 
Culture and maintenance of species of Tillandsia

Of all the plants discovered by Elias Tillandsia, Tillandsia is the most fascinating kind for the variety of forms, the beauty of flowers and original way to hranii without using root.

Tillandsia are species belonging to the Bromeliaceae, there are 548 species of which 40 are 508 are epiphytic and terrestrial.

 
Liliopsida
Alstroemeria

Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose.

 
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia is a genus containing five species of perennial, originating from southern Africa belong to the family Strelitziaceae.

Genus name is derived from the queen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of England, promoter of botany.

 
Hemerocallis

Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.

 
Tahina J. Dransf. & Rakotoarinivo, gender. November. family Arecaceae

Tahina J. Dransf. & Rakotoarinivo, gender. November. Arecaceae family is a new kind of northwestern Madagascar, with one species Tahina spectabilis.

On December 5, 2006, Bruno Leroy, resident and avid Madagascar palm, has posted a picture of an unidentified palm on www.palms.org the International Palm Society.

 
Belamcanda chinensis

Belamcanda chinensis - perennial species, native to eastern Asia, cultivated as ornamental species for borders or rock garden.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links