Popular name for Agapanthus: English - Lily of the Nile, Africa - agape, Zulu - ubani.
Agapanthus has been described for the first time in 1679 and was named by L'Heritier in 1788. The name derives from the Greek 'agape' - love and 'anthis' - relating to flower
Herbaceous perennial species semi-rural or rural, endemic to southern Africa, growing at altitudes up to 2000 m. peduncle may reach 2 m high. The leaves are 50 cm long, nastriforme or linear, green or glauca, basal, curved, entire, decidue or evergreen. Umbela blossom, large terminals, wrapped by a single bracts, borne of a long and strong stem, 30-45 flowers blue-purple to white, campanulata, 6 tepale, 3 interior and 3outer 6 stamens, pedicel thin. The flowers do not open at the same timp.Fruct capsule, containing seeds and wings, black. Pollination is done by bees, wind or birds (Cinnyris AFER).
Adapt and on poor soils, but prefer rich land, fertile and good drainage, with a good layer of manure to the soil surface. If grown in pot need regular fertilization with liquid manure. Exhibition needs sunny, summer is often wet and not wet in winter. Adapters is required each year, spring.
Temperature over the winter should not fall below 4 ° C.
It is excellent for large wafers or curbs. It needs protection in winter.
Multiply by division, spring every 3-4 years, and the seeds in warm greenhouse immediately after racoltarea seeds. Germination takes place after 1-3 months at temperatures of 12 to 15 ° C. Flowering takes place after 2-3 years.
Cold andexcess moisture in winter can kill the plant.
Diseases and pests: slugs.
Characteristics: roots of Agapanthus contain saponin. By crushing the leaves can cause skin irritations.
Agapanthus campanulatus is a herb. Crushed roots are tonic can cure rash, relieve menstrual pain.
A decoction of the rhizome and roots of Agapanthus praecos be used for women before and after birth.
Agapanthus africanus - increase to 1000 m altitude, the species was first described in 1679. Evergreen leaves, 35 cm long, 1.5 to 2 cm wide, canaliculata, top obtuse or subacute. Composed of 12-30 flowers blossom clocks, blue-violet open 2.5 x 5.4 inches long, bloom from December to April.
Agapanthus campanulatus - 40 - 90 cm high. Leaves decidue. 23 flowers umbela, celestial blue, blooming from December to March, anther blue, lilac pollen. Rustic be the most appropriate species for gardens in cold areas.
Agapanthus caulescens - was described in 1901 by Sprenger. Leaves decidue. Dark blue flowers from the sky. Prior to blue, lilac pollen. The best time for breeding is spring when new leaves start to give.
Agapanthus CoddII - decidue leaves, 15 - 45 cm long and 3-5 cm wide. Blue flowers open on a stalk of 1 to 1.5 m. Prior to blue, lilac pollen.
Agapanthus inapertus - 6 to 8 leaves decidue. Tubular flowers and clocks, dark purple flowers on a stalk nearly 1.5 m high. Blooming from January to March.
Agapanthus praecos - 6 to 20 leaves, evergreen, 25 - 70 cm high. Blue flowers, blooming from December to April.
Over 130 are known cultivation.
For a valuable decoration Agapanthus species are used in combination with Crocosmia, Iris, Kniphofia, Phygelius, Potentilla.
Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin, 2000
ChristopherHolliday, Jerry Harpur - Sharp Gardening - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2005
Frances Tenenbaum, Steve Buchanan - Taylor's Guide to Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994
Helen Dillon - Helen Dillon's Garden Book - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007
John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardens for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
Marie Harrison - Groundcovers for the South - Pineapple Press, 2006
Susan Carter, Carrie Becker, Bob Lilly - Perennials: The Gardener's Reference - Timber Press, 2007
Thad M. Howard - Bulbs for Warm climates - University of Texas Press, 2001
The European Garden Flora Editorial Committee - The European Garden Flora - Cambridge Press, 1986
Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007
Wim Snoeijer - Agapanthus: A Revision of the Genus - Timber Press, 2004
Cactus and succulent plants
Mammillaria tlalocii 'caespitosa' - cactus global branch at the base. Tulpuna spherical, time becomes columnara, 20 x 7 cm. 16-22 thorns radial, 1-2 mm long. 2.4 spin central, 6-10 mm long, dark brown. Flower pink-carmine, 12-14 x 8-10 mm.
Aloe vera Mill.
Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Environmental problems of herbal apartment
Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.
This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Aloe vera Mill.
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.