Scientific name - Ailanthus altissima
Popular names - cenuser, castor false, Tree of Heaven, Chinese Sumac.
Distribution and Habitat - natural habitat in China and Korea, at 0-2000 m altitude. In Europe it was introduced in 1740 in Paris by a Jesuit missionary. Philadelphia was introduced by William Hamilton in 1784.
Description - tree 12-15 m high, round crown in his youth, rare, and latita, stem short, with few branches thick, upward. Bark smooth, brown, gray, thin, finely cracked. Mugurele terminal is absent, lateral buds were 3 mm long, round, brown, fluffy. Lujerii young are thick, fine hairy, yellow-brown, with large lenticele. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 40-60 cm long, with 13-25 Folio, ribbed, ovata lanceolata, 7-12 cm long, blue inside, glabra; onthiol smooth, round, swollen at the base. Flowers yellow-green, small, polygamous, of 0.7-0.8 cm diameter in panicule terminal, 10-20 cm long, 3.5 sepa, 5 petals, 10 stamens in male flowers, 2-3 in flowers hermaphrodite; 5.6 rags, ovary superior. Blooms in June-July. Fruit Samara, 3-5 cm long. Compressed seed, plant, have red-brown color, remain on tree in winter.
Growth rate - fast. Longevity, 40-50 years.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost, tolerate drought, air pollution.
Requirements - rather loose, deep soil, sunny exhibitions.
Management - in areas where invasive Ailanthus altissima is, shearing crown drajonilor induce growth, the best way to combat the ceachimica. Herbicides applied in spring, after leaf emergence.
Propagation - by seeds, root cuttings and layers. The seeds can be kept in place two yearsdried without losing germination. Tree become reproductive after 10-20 years.
Diseases and pests - Armillaria mellea, Atteva punctella, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora ailanthi, Fusarium lateritium, Hyphantria cunea, Nectria coccinea, Samia cynthia, Verticillium ALBO-atrum, Verticillium dahliae,
Properties and Uses - species can be used for determining slopes and slopes, degraded land.
Yellowish white wood, although it works well, has limited use, is soft, durable and less brittle. Species oras, with a potential production of 300 kg / ha / year.
By crushing the leaves emit an unpleasant odor.
Other species - Ailanthus excelsa (grown in dry places in northern India), Ailanthus grandis(fast-ascending tree of northern India, bark smooth, narrow crown), Ailanthus malabaricum (small tree of southern India, but grows in other tropical parts of Asia).
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
Carla C. Bossard, John M. Randall, Marc C. Hoshovsky - Invasive Plants of California Wildlands - University of California Press, 2000
Elizabeth J. Czarapata - Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest - University of Wisconsin Press, 2005
John Eastman, Amelia Hansen - The Book of Field and Roadside - Stackpole Books, 2003
John R. Hartman, Thomas P. Piron, Mary Ann Sall - Piron's Tree Maintenance - Oxford University Press, 2000
Richard DeGraaf, Paul E.Sendak - Native and Naturalized Trees of New England and Adjacent Canada - UPNE, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.