Scientific name - Ailanthus altissima
Popular names - cenuser, castor false, Tree of Heaven, Chinese Sumac.
Distribution and Habitat - natural habitat in China and Korea, at 0-2000 m altitude. In Europe it was introduced in 1740 in Paris by a Jesuit missionary. Philadelphia was introduced by William Hamilton in 1784.
Description - tree 12-15 m high, round crown in his youth, rare, and latita, stem short, with few branches thick, upward. Bark smooth, brown, gray, thin, finely cracked. Mugurele terminal is absent, lateral buds were 3 mm long, round, brown, fluffy. Lujerii young are thick, fine hairy, yellow-brown, with large lenticele. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 40-60 cm long, with 13-25 Folio, ribbed, ovata lanceolata, 7-12 cm long, blue inside, glabra; onthiol smooth, round, swollen at the base. Flowers yellow-green, small, polygamous, of 0.7-0.8 cm diameter in panicule terminal, 10-20 cm long, 3.5 sepa, 5 petals, 10 stamens in male flowers, 2-3 in flowers hermaphrodite; 5.6 rags, ovary superior. Blooms in June-July. Fruit Samara, 3-5 cm long. Compressed seed, plant, have red-brown color, remain on tree in winter.
Growth rate - fast. Longevity, 40-50 years.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost, tolerate drought, air pollution.
Requirements - rather loose, deep soil, sunny exhibitions.
Management - in areas where invasive Ailanthus altissima is, shearing crown drajonilor induce growth, the best way to combat the ceachimica. Herbicides applied in spring, after leaf emergence.
Propagation - by seeds, root cuttings and layers. The seeds can be kept in place two yearsdried without losing germination. Tree become reproductive after 10-20 years.
Diseases and pests - Armillaria mellea, Atteva punctella, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora ailanthi, Fusarium lateritium, Hyphantria cunea, Nectria coccinea, Samia cynthia, Verticillium ALBO-atrum, Verticillium dahliae,
Properties and Uses - species can be used for determining slopes and slopes, degraded land.
Yellowish white wood, although it works well, has limited use, is soft, durable and less brittle. Species oras, with a potential production of 300 kg / ha / year.
By crushing the leaves emit an unpleasant odor.
Other species - Ailanthus excelsa (grown in dry places in northern India), Ailanthus grandis(fast-ascending tree of northern India, bark smooth, narrow crown), Ailanthus malabaricum (small tree of southern India, but grows in other tropical parts of Asia).
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
Carla C. Bossard, John M. Randall, Marc C. Hoshovsky - Invasive Plants of California Wildlands - University of California Press, 2000
Elizabeth J. Czarapata - Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest - University of Wisconsin Press, 2005
John Eastman, Amelia Hansen - The Book of Field and Roadside - Stackpole Books, 2003
John R. Hartman, Thomas P. Piron, Mary Ann Sall - Piron's Tree Maintenance - Oxford University Press, 2000
Richard DeGraaf, Paul E.Sendak - Native and Naturalized Trees of New England and Adjacent Canada - UPNE, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.
Juicy species, perennial, native to Madagascar, was introduced in Europe in 1920. The species is named after Robert Blossfeld. Undergrowth of 40 cm height. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, elliptic to ovata, the strains are from the top of Blong-lanceolata, 2-10 cm long, red margin, crenate, glabra.
Delosperma cooperi originated southern Africa. Prostrata or erect stem, grows up to 13 cm high and 60 inches wide. Leaves opposite, succulent, cylindrical or 3 angles, without stipule. Flowers solitary or Cime, terminal or axillary, 8 cm diameter, open purple, calyx with 5 lobes unequal, inferior ovary with 5 rooms.