14
Mar
2009
Akebia quinata
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne.

It was introduced in Europe in 1845.

Synonyms - Rajani quin (Houtt.), Akena micrantha (Nakai)

Popular names - chocolate comes fiveleaf akebia, akebi I-reum.

Distribution and Habitat - increase in forest edge, along rivers, on clay soils in full sun, the odds of 300-1500 m. A native of Japan, China, and Korea.

Description - liana wood, single, semi-evergreen, perennial. Strain gray-brown with prominent lenticele. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5 folio ribbed stipelate. Oblonga call to Foliolele ovat-elliptic, the round, ribbed 4.5 to 10 cm long. Raceme axillary blossom, clocks, male flowers are arranged terminal, 6-7 curved stamens, female flowers have3.5 SEPA, purple to red; female flowers are larger than the male. Blooms in April-May, first female flowers bloom, and after few days the men. Fruit follicles, 5-11 cm long, purple-gray, Parga in September-October, about 200 seeds per fruit cintine. Seeds small, shiny, brown or black.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - tolerate drought conditions. Not tolerate acidic soils.

Requirements - rather poor soils, wetlands, the exhibition a sunny or partial shading.

Management - each fall can be clipped to ground level.

Propagation - by semilignificati stem cuttings in May-June. The seeds soon after ripening fruit.

Natural partners and Garden - Ilex glabra,Magnolia, Kalma latifolia, Rosa damascena.

Cultivars and varieties - Akebia quin var. polyphylla, Akebia quin var. yiehii.

Properties and Uses - China and Japan in the dry strain is used as a diuretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and antioxidant. Suitable for bonsai.

Curiosity - Akebia quinata TREU not to be confused with Wisteria frutescens and Wisteria sinensis.

Bibliografie

Brooklyn Botanic Garden - Flowering Vines - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1999

Joseph P. Hou, Jin Youyu - The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes - Rotledge, 2005

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