Scientific name - Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne.
It was introduced in Europe in 1845.
Synonyms - Rajani quin (Houtt.), Akena micrantha (Nakai)
Popular names - chocolate comes fiveleaf akebia, akebi I-reum.
Distribution and Habitat - increase in forest edge, along rivers, on clay soils in full sun, the odds of 300-1500 m. A native of Japan, China, and Korea.
Description - liana wood, single, semi-evergreen, perennial. Strain gray-brown with prominent lenticele. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5 folio ribbed stipelate. Oblonga call to Foliolele ovat-elliptic, the round, ribbed 4.5 to 10 cm long. Raceme axillary blossom, clocks, male flowers are arranged terminal, 6-7 curved stamens, female flowers have3.5 SEPA, purple to red; female flowers are larger than the male. Blooms in April-May, first female flowers bloom, and after few days the men. Fruit follicles, 5-11 cm long, purple-gray, Parga in September-October, about 200 seeds per fruit cintine. Seeds small, shiny, brown or black.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - tolerate drought conditions. Not tolerate acidic soils.
Requirements - rather poor soils, wetlands, the exhibition a sunny or partial shading.
Management - each fall can be clipped to ground level.
Propagation - by semilignificati stem cuttings in May-June. The seeds soon after ripening fruit.
Cultivars and varieties - Akebia quin var. polyphylla, Akebia quin var. yiehii.
Properties and Uses - China and Japan in the dry strain is used as a diuretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and antioxidant. Suitable for bonsai.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden - Flowering Vines - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1999
Joseph P. Hou, Jin Youyu - The Healing Power of Chinese Herbs and Medicinal Recipes - Rotledge, 2005
Trees and shrubs
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.