Scientific name - Allium cepa L.
Popular names - akaakai, basal, onion, ceba, cebola, cebolla, ciboria, Cipolla, Hui Hui Ts'ung, Ku Kut, oignon de cuisine, onion, onyan, pulantic, pyaj, SAFA, seba, Z'Oignon, Zongnon, Zwiebel.
Distribution and Habitat - original central Asia, but was not found in the natural environment.
Description - herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata. Flowers small stars until campanulata, 3-7 mm tepale erect, white, yellow-green or purple, margins entire, top obtuse or acute, anther white, pollen white, pedicel 10-50 mm. Blooms in June-August. 2n = 16
Tolerante - moderate compared to acidic soils.
Requirements - prefer land with pH 7.5-7.8, fertile and well drained.
Onions are sensitive to fotoperioada, and long days promote leaf growth, which are directly related to the roots.
Management - is crop rotation indicated at 6 years.
Propagation - by seeds or bulbs, in a greenhouse in January or February, in the open field in April or May. The bulbs are planted at 10 cm depth and 23-25 cm between plants.
Pests and diseases - is susceptible to various diseases, Aspergillus, Botrytis. Pests are most commonly bite onions and tripsii. To prevent bites, onion is a spray of water and paraffin which is sprayed between rows.
Properties and Uses - bulbs are edible, have diuretic properties, combat intestinal fermentation, vermifuge, agents. Onion seeds germinateza best at temperatures of 18-27 ˚ C, but young plants prefer 16-21 ˚ C 10 ˚ C day and night.
Decoction of 3.10 g onions 100 ml water.
Externally, has emollient properties, infusion of 5-10 g onions 100 ml water are poultices, you can make and gargle.
Fresh onions, crushed hairs combat hair loss, fresh juice is very good against the stings of wasps and bees.
Epideriologice studies have shown that the combination of garlic and onions reduce the risk of cancer, particularly stomach and colon cancer. The studies were conducted on animals.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - onion is one of the oldest cultivated plants, in 5 000 BC
In ancient Greece, cepa eating in significant amounts.
Gary J. Kelloff, Ernest T. Hawk, Caroline C. Sigman - Cancer Chemoprevention - Humana Press, 2004
Nancy Bubel - TheNew Seed Starter's Handbook - Roda Books, 1988
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Lampranthus aurantiacus. perennial species, succulent native to South Africa. Cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots