Scientific name - Allium cepa L.
Popular names - akaakai, basal, onion, ceba, cebola, cebolla, ciboria, Cipolla, Hui Hui Ts'ung, Ku Kut, oignon de cuisine, onion, onyan, pulantic, pyaj, SAFA, seba, Z'Oignon, Zongnon, Zwiebel.
Distribution and Habitat - original central Asia, but was not found in the natural environment.
Description - herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata. Flowers small stars until campanulata, 3-7 mm tepale erect, white, yellow-green or purple, margins entire, top obtuse or acute, anther white, pollen white, pedicel 10-50 mm. Blooms in June-August. 2n = 16
Tolerante - moderate compared to acidic soils.
Requirements - prefer land with pH 7.5-7.8, fertile and well drained.
Onions are sensitive to fotoperioada, and long days promote leaf growth, which are directly related to the roots.
Management - is crop rotation indicated at 6 years.
Propagation - by seeds or bulbs, in a greenhouse in January or February, in the open field in April or May. The bulbs are planted at 10 cm depth and 23-25 cm between plants.
Pests and diseases - is susceptible to various diseases, Aspergillus, Botrytis. Pests are most commonly bite onions and tripsii. To prevent bites, onion is a spray of water and paraffin which is sprayed between rows.
Properties and Uses - bulbs are edible, have diuretic properties, combat intestinal fermentation, vermifuge, agents. Onion seeds germinateza best at temperatures of 18-27 ˚ C, but young plants prefer 16-21 ˚ C 10 ˚ C day and night.
Decoction of 3.10 g onions 100 ml water.
Externally, has emollient properties, infusion of 5-10 g onions 100 ml water are poultices, you can make and gargle.
Fresh onions, crushed hairs combat hair loss, fresh juice is very good against the stings of wasps and bees.
Epideriologice studies have shown that the combination of garlic and onions reduce the risk of cancer, particularly stomach and colon cancer. The studies were conducted on animals.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - onion is one of the oldest cultivated plants, in 5 000 BC
In ancient Greece, cepa eating in significant amounts.
Gary J. Kelloff, Ernest T. Hawk, Caroline C. Sigman - Cancer Chemoprevention - Humana Press, 2004
Nancy Bubel - TheNew Seed Starter's Handbook - Roda Books, 1988
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Paraensis Alstroemeria sp. November.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.