17
Apr
2009
Allium cepa L. - onion
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Allium cepa L.

Popular names - akaakai, basal, onion, ceba, cebola, cebolla, ciboria, Cipolla, Hui Hui Ts'ung, Ku Kut, oignon de cuisine, onion, onyan, pulantic, pyaj, SAFA, seba, Z'Oignon, Zongnon, Zwiebel.

Distribution and Habitat - original central Asia, but was not found in the natural environment.

Description - herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata. Flowers small stars until campanulata, 3-7 mm tepale erect, white, yellow-green or purple, margins entire, top obtuse or acute, anther white, pollen white, pedicel 10-50 mm. Blooms in June-August. 2n = 16

Tolerante - moderate compared to acidic soils.

Requirements - prefer land with pH 7.5-7.8, fertile and well drained.

Onions are sensitive to fotoperioada, and long days promote leaf growth, which are directly related to the roots.

Management - is crop rotation indicated at 6 years.

Propagation - by seeds or bulbs, in a greenhouse in January or February, in the open field in April or May. The bulbs are planted at 10 cm depth and 23-25 cm between plants.

Pests and diseases - is susceptible to various diseases, Aspergillus, Botrytis. Pests are most commonly bite onions and tripsii. To prevent bites, onion is a spray of water and paraffin which is sprayed between rows.

Properties and Uses - bulbs are edible, have diuretic properties, combat intestinal fermentation, vermifuge, agents. Onion seeds germinateza best at temperatures of 18-27 ˚ C, but young plants prefer 16-21 ˚ C 10 ˚ C day and night.

Decoction of 3.10 g onions 100 ml water.

Externally, has emollient properties, infusion of 5-10 g onions 100 ml water are poultices, you can make and gargle.

Fresh onions, crushed hairs combat hair loss, fresh juice is very good against the stings of wasps and bees.

Epideriologice studies have shown that the combination of garlic and onions reduce the risk of cancer, particularly stomach and colon cancer. The studies were conducted on animals.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - onion is one of the oldest cultivated plants, in 5 000 BC

In ancient Greece, cepa eating in significant amounts.

References

Gary J. Kelloff, Ernest T. Hawk, Caroline C. Sigman - Cancer Chemoprevention - Humana Press, 2004

Nancy Bubel - TheNew Seed Starter's Handbook - Roda Books, 1988

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing

Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes

 
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Melia azedarach L.

Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.

Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.

Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.

 
Flowers
Ranunculus asiaticus

Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.

 
Epilobium dodonaei

Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.

 
Galanthus elwesii

Galanthus elwesii - bulbous species, native to Asia Minor, was discovered in western Turkey, in 1874, by HJ Elwes.

 
Impatiens glandulifera

Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .

 
Nigella arvensis

Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.

 
Liliopsida
Eichhorn crassipes

Popular names: Water Hyacinth.

Genus Eichhorn contains 8 species, the most common is E. crassipes. It is easily confused with E. Azure, a difference between them is the language which in E. Azurea is cuneata and the E. crassipes is truncata or heart failure.

 
Cymbidium

Genus Cymbidium originates from tropical Asia and Australia, comprises about 50-60 species of terrestrial orchids, but are growing on the ground and rocks, and the trees.

The name derives from 'kymbos'-boat, be for the label.

 
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.

Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.

 
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo

Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long

 
Lilium bulbiferum

Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links