Scientific name - Allium cepa L.
Popular names - akaakai, basal, onion, ceba, cebola, cebolla, ciboria, Cipolla, Hui Hui Ts'ung, Ku Kut, oignon de cuisine, onion, onyan, pulantic, pyaj, SAFA, seba, Z'Oignon, Zongnon, Zwiebel.
Distribution and Habitat - original central Asia, but was not found in the natural environment.
Description - herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata. Flowers small stars until campanulata, 3-7 mm tepale erect, white, yellow-green or purple, margins entire, top obtuse or acute, anther white, pollen white, pedicel 10-50 mm. Blooms in June-August. 2n = 16
Tolerante - moderate compared to acidic soils.
Requirements - prefer land with pH 7.5-7.8, fertile and well drained.
Onions are sensitive to fotoperioada, and long days promote leaf growth, which are directly related to the roots.
Management - is crop rotation indicated at 6 years.
Propagation - by seeds or bulbs, in a greenhouse in January or February, in the open field in April or May. The bulbs are planted at 10 cm depth and 23-25 cm between plants.
Pests and diseases - is susceptible to various diseases, Aspergillus, Botrytis. Pests are most commonly bite onions and tripsii. To prevent bites, onion is a spray of water and paraffin which is sprayed between rows.
Properties and Uses - bulbs are edible, have diuretic properties, combat intestinal fermentation, vermifuge, agents. Onion seeds germinateza best at temperatures of 18-27 ˚ C, but young plants prefer 16-21 ˚ C 10 ˚ C day and night.
Decoction of 3.10 g onions 100 ml water.
Externally, has emollient properties, infusion of 5-10 g onions 100 ml water are poultices, you can make and gargle.
Fresh onions, crushed hairs combat hair loss, fresh juice is very good against the stings of wasps and bees.
Epideriologice studies have shown that the combination of garlic and onions reduce the risk of cancer, particularly stomach and colon cancer. The studies were conducted on animals.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - onion is one of the oldest cultivated plants, in 5 000 BC
In ancient Greece, cepa eating in significant amounts.
Gary J. Kelloff, Ernest T. Hawk, Caroline C. Sigman - Cancer Chemoprevention - Humana Press, 2004
Nancy Bubel - TheNew Seed Starter's Handbook - Roda Books, 1988
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.
Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.
Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Four new species of Maranta L. Marantaceae in Brazil