Scientific name - Alstroemeria. Alstroemeria genus was named after the famous botanist Claus von Alstroemeria (1736-1794), who sent seeds of Alstroemeria Linne in Spain, in 1754.
Popular names - peruviano Giglio, Peruvian lily.
Distribution and Habitat - Alstroemeria includes about 90 species that grow in different habitats, from sea to share 4500 m. It has two major distribution centers in Chile, and Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose. Flower zigomorfa very rarelyactinomorfa; tepale brush 6, 5 cm, 6 stamens in the periantului, uneven, curved, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule, 3-valve, dehiscence. Seeds globe-ellipsoidal, yellow-brown or brown. 2n = 16.
Tolerances - the plants must be protected from prevailing winds and rain.
Requirements - soil pH 6.0-6.8, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Solution temperature it should be 13 ° C. They need 14-16 hours of daylight. During short winter days, light can add 4-5 hours with incandescent light. They need to 3000-3500 lux / m 2, winter best quality is obtained with 8000 lux. Remove stems vegetative each month after the beginning of flourishing. Apply fertilizers, calcium nitrate and potassium nitrate. Avoid nitrogen fertilization on winter. Ideal humidity is 70-80% during winter indicated that humidity be below 90%. The level of CO 2 must be maintained at 350-400 ppm in summer and hothouse windows should not open more than 20%.
Management - Area of planting 30-45 cm or 45 x 50 on two occasions in bed 90 cm wide and 20 deep. Plants are tutoreaza. For a longer period of prosperity, not cut more than 30% of the strains once, and harvesting is done when the first bud was swollen and open.
Propagation - division during rest, or by seeds. Rhizome is removed from the land in November, and is kept in the greenhouse until April, after which the plants again. Flowering starts in June, the flowers appeared earlier to be removed. Rhizomes planted in August are starting to bloom in October or March-April, when soil is cold hothouse.
Species, only 20% of seeds germinate very slowly.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium, and Rhizoctonia, aphids, spiders and butterflies white. Proper soil preparation is essential to diseases and pests. Land steaming 30 minute / 7 ° C, kills nematodes, fungi, weeds, bacteria and insects.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Amazone', 'Ballet', 'Cinderella' Diamond ', Dusty Rose', 'Irena', 'Jubilee', 'Lorraine', 'Pacific Sunset', 'Sunny Rebecca', 'Victoria'.
Properties and Uses - It is necessary to use gloves when working with Alstroemeria plants as skin irritation may occur.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
AK Sfrozen - Flower Crops - New India Publishing Agency, 2006
Allan M. Armitage and Judy M. Laushman - Specialty Cut Flowers - Timber Press, 2003
C. Colston Burrell - The Sunny Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
Javier Avalos - Dermatologic Botany - Informa Healthcare, 1999
John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005
Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Pelargonium australe - Muscat
Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo
Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long