Scientific name - Alstroemeria. Alstroemeria genus was named after the famous botanist Claus von Alstroemeria (1736-1794), who sent seeds of Alstroemeria Linne in Spain, in 1754.
Popular names - peruviano Giglio, Peruvian lily.
Distribution and Habitat - Alstroemeria includes about 90 species that grow in different habitats, from sea to share 4500 m. It has two major distribution centers in Chile, and Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose. Flower zigomorfa very rarelyactinomorfa; tepale brush 6, 5 cm, 6 stamens in the periantului, uneven, curved, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule, 3-valve, dehiscence. Seeds globe-ellipsoidal, yellow-brown or brown. 2n = 16.
Tolerances - the plants must be protected from prevailing winds and rain.
Requirements - soil pH 6.0-6.8, well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Solution temperature it should be 13 ° C. They need 14-16 hours of daylight. During short winter days, light can add 4-5 hours with incandescent light. They need to 3000-3500 lux / m 2, winter best quality is obtained with 8000 lux. Remove stems vegetative each month after the beginning of flourishing. Apply fertilizers, calcium nitrate and potassium nitrate. Avoid nitrogen fertilization on winter. Ideal humidity is 70-80% during winter indicated that humidity be below 90%. The level of CO 2 must be maintained at 350-400 ppm in summer and hothouse windows should not open more than 20%.
Management - Area of planting 30-45 cm or 45 x 50 on two occasions in bed 90 cm wide and 20 deep. Plants are tutoreaza. For a longer period of prosperity, not cut more than 30% of the strains once, and harvesting is done when the first bud was swollen and open.
Propagation - division during rest, or by seeds. Rhizome is removed from the land in November, and is kept in the greenhouse until April, after which the plants again. Flowering starts in June, the flowers appeared earlier to be removed. Rhizomes planted in August are starting to bloom in October or March-April, when soil is cold hothouse.
Species, only 20% of seeds germinate very slowly.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium, and Rhizoctonia, aphids, spiders and butterflies white. Proper soil preparation is essential to diseases and pests. Land steaming 30 minute / 7 ° C, kills nematodes, fungi, weeds, bacteria and insects.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Amazone', 'Ballet', 'Cinderella' Diamond ', Dusty Rose', 'Irena', 'Jubilee', 'Lorraine', 'Pacific Sunset', 'Sunny Rebecca', 'Victoria'.
Properties and Uses - It is necessary to use gloves when working with Alstroemeria plants as skin irritation may occur.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
AK Sfrozen - Flower Crops - New India Publishing Agency, 2006
Allan M. Armitage and Judy M. Laushman - Specialty Cut Flowers - Timber Press, 2003
C. Colston Burrell - The Sunny Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
Javier Avalos - Dermatologic Botany - Informa Healthcare, 1999
John E. Bryan - Pocket Guide to Bulbs - Timber Press, 2005
Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic Brullo, Mitic and Salmeri sp.nov. in Croatia