Scientific name - American Agave L.
Popular names - Century Plant.
Distribution and Habitat - increases arid soils in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Basal leaves arranged in rosettes consisting of 30-60 leaves ascending, triangular lanceolate, inside round, 100-150 cm long, 15-25 cm wide, glaucescente on top with a spin of brown, 1-5 cm long , spaced side edges with thorns, sharp triangular. Flowering stalk thick, 3-10 m tall, branched at the top with 20-40 branches, 50 cm long the inferioare.flori numerous, small, unpleasant smell. Perigon infundibuliform, 15 cm long tube and lobes of 3-4 cm. Stamens 2 times longer than lobes perigonului. Inferior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit headSula long, 5 cm.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate drought.
Requirements - zoluri prefer sandy, well-drained, sunny with exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed and rhizome separation.
Properties and Uses - grown as houseplants or in greenhouses in areas with cold winters, and outside in areas with milder winters. In warmer areas tend to naturalize, sometimes even becoming invasive.
Curiosity - genus Agave includes 300 species originating in warm arid regions of America. It was introduced in Europe in the mid sixteenth century.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Cactus and succulent plants
Succulent plants - overview
Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.
Delosperma cooperi originated southern Africa. Prostrata or erect stem, grows up to 13 cm high and 60 inches wide. Leaves opposite, succulent, cylindrical or 3 angles, without stipule. Flowers solitary or Cime, terminal or axillary, 8 cm diameter, open purple, calyx with 5 lobes unequal, inferior ovary with 5 rooms.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Manure for such plants must be done with fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium.
Nitrogen should be given in limited quantities, that stimulates plant growth, weakens tissues and increases perspiration. Manure must be made during late winter to spring to stimulate growth and flowering.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Galanthus elwesii - bulbous species, native to Asia Minor, was discovered in western Turkey, in 1874, by HJ Elwes.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.