Scientific name - American Agave L.
Popular names - Century Plant.
Distribution and Habitat - increases arid soils in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Basal leaves arranged in rosettes consisting of 30-60 leaves ascending, triangular lanceolate, inside round, 100-150 cm long, 15-25 cm wide, glaucescente on top with a spin of brown, 1-5 cm long , spaced side edges with thorns, sharp triangular. Flowering stalk thick, 3-10 m tall, branched at the top with 20-40 branches, 50 cm long the inferioare.flori numerous, small, unpleasant smell. Perigon infundibuliform, 15 cm long tube and lobes of 3-4 cm. Stamens 2 times longer than lobes perigonului. Inferior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit headSula long, 5 cm.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate drought.
Requirements - zoluri prefer sandy, well-drained, sunny with exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed and rhizome separation.
Properties and Uses - grown as houseplants or in greenhouses in areas with cold winters, and outside in areas with milder winters. In warmer areas tend to naturalize, sometimes even becoming invasive.
Curiosity - genus Agave includes 300 species originating in warm arid regions of America. It was introduced in Europe in the mid sixteenth century.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Cactus and succulent plants
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Manure for such plants must be done with fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium.
Nitrogen should be given in limited quantities, that stimulates plant growth, weakens tissues and increases perspiration. Manure must be made during late winter to spring to stimulate growth and flowering.
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Juicy species, perennial, native to Madagascar, was introduced in Europe in 1920. The species is named after Robert Blossfeld. Undergrowth of 40 cm height. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, elliptic to ovata, the strains are from the top of Blong-lanceolata, 2-10 cm long, red margin, crenate, glabra.
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic Brullo, Mitic and Salmeri sp.nov. in Croatia
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.