Scientific name - American Agave L.
Popular names - Century Plant.
Distribution and Habitat - increases arid soils in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Basal leaves arranged in rosettes consisting of 30-60 leaves ascending, triangular lanceolate, inside round, 100-150 cm long, 15-25 cm wide, glaucescente on top with a spin of brown, 1-5 cm long , spaced side edges with thorns, sharp triangular. Flowering stalk thick, 3-10 m tall, branched at the top with 20-40 branches, 50 cm long the inferioare.flori numerous, small, unpleasant smell. Perigon infundibuliform, 15 cm long tube and lobes of 3-4 cm. Stamens 2 times longer than lobes perigonului. Inferior ovary. Blooms in June-July. Fruit headSula long, 5 cm.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate drought.
Requirements - zoluri prefer sandy, well-drained, sunny with exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed and rhizome separation.
Properties and Uses - grown as houseplants or in greenhouses in areas with cold winters, and outside in areas with milder winters. In warmer areas tend to naturalize, sometimes even becoming invasive.
Curiosity - genus Agave includes 300 species originating in warm arid regions of America. It was introduced in Europe in the mid sixteenth century.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Cactus and succulent plants
Succulent plants - overview
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Agapanthus species. Cultivation and maintenance
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.