12
Jun
2009
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Anchusa italica Retz.

Synonyms - Anchusa Azurea Mill.

Popular names - ox tongue, miruta large buglossa Azzurra, coda di Volpe, lingua di Bue, flower sprays. Originally from the Caucasus.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on cultivated land, from plain to mountains.

Description - herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem hairy, 20-70 cm high. Leaves alternate, simple, basal leaves are linear-lanceolata, top acute, hairy, median rib obvious. Cimoasa blossom. Calyx persistent, 5 sepa green edges red, with white hairs. Corola dialipetala, blue. Stamens numerous pink-purple. Blooms in April-August.

Tolerances - drought, wet clay soils.

Requirements - grows in the soil deep, fertile, moist.

Propagation - by seed or division. The seeds are alike inApril, in the shelter and is transplanteaza autumn. Germination takes place after 1-4 weeks at 21 ͦ C.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Dropmore' cobalt blue flowers. 'Little John' with dark blue flowers. 'Loddon Royalist' with purple flowers. 'Royal Blue' with intense blue flowers.

Properties and Uses - flowering plants have depurative properties, diuretic, and emollient sudorific be collected in summer.

Leaves can be used in soups.

References

HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007

GS Randhawa, NA Mukhopadyay - Floriculture in India - Allied Publishers, 1998

John Wood - Hardy Perennials and Old Fashioned Flowers - BiblioBazaar, 2009

Joseph Hudak - Gardening with Perennials Month by Month - Timber Press, 2004

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