Scientific name-Angelica archangel L.
Popular names - Angel, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, raiz del Epiritu Santo, Holy Root spirit.
Distribution and Habitat - Caucasus, Siberia, eastern, central and northern Europe, on the sea or water courses.
Description - biennial, robust root flesh that grows spring a robust strain of up to 2 m high. Basal leaves are large, double, tre-pinnate-sectors, 60 cm long; foliolele are oval, acuminata, margine gear, foliole terminal than others. Leaves stems are smaller and without stalks. Blossom umbela-made,5-15 cm diameter, flowers small, greenish. Blooms in June-July. Fruit achenes, oblong, with two seeds wings.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, semi-shade, shade, wet and well drained. soil pH 6.3.
Propagation - by seeds. They need light to germinate. Be sown immediately after harvest, because they have low viability. To extend the viability of seeds in one year, must be kept in a container in the refrigerator. Plants can transplant permanent job after a year.
Diseases and pests - spiders, leaf miner, aphids.
Properties and Uses - roots and leaves have properties snacks, antiseptic, antispasmotice, digestive. The roots are collected in September-October, the fruit is collected in August-September, no blossom. The roots are dried in the sun, are preserved in paper bags or cotton. The fruits are dried in the sun and is con served in glass containers.
In small doses acts as stimulant in high doses is a powerful depressant.
Angelica archangel stimulates appetite, help digestion, relieve stomach pain, favors the elimination of intestinal gas.
Internal Ez - roots - an infusion of 2g in 100 ml water, tincture Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of white wine, place it soak for 10 days.
Elixir of 8 g of the roots of Angelica archangel, 40 g sugar, 100 g of alcohol, water to fill a 1 liter bottle roots are left to soak in alcohol for 10 days, filter and add sugar and water.
Internal use - fruit - an infusion of 4 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
To sweeten the combustion chamber is very few seeds or rootset Angelica archangelica.
They say a glass of wine with a small amount of powder Angelica archangel calm sexual desires better than a cold shower.
The oil obtained from roots of Angelica archangel Tabacului was added to give a better flavor cigarettes.
Traditional medicine uses Russian roots, seeds and leaves of Angelica archangel as calming of muscle spasms. Used for toning effect on the cardiovascular and nervous system.
Angelica archangel is also used to flavor lichiorurilor.
And the plant is suitable for borders.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is said that Angelica archangelica is blooming every year on May 8, of St. Michael Archangel.
There is a legend in 1665, the year of plague, a monk met an angel in his dream. Angel tells him that Angelica archangel can treat plague. Water Angelica archangel became an ingredient in the remedy of College Physics Journal published in London and called 'technical King's Majesty's Excellent Recipe for the Plague'. Suffering from plague drink 2 glasses of this drink each day.
In the late seventeenth century, using the herb Angelica archangel that came in a considerable decline, but was still prescribed for different diseases.
Angelica archangel American Indians used for various medical problems, for respiratory problems, to cause vomiting, to treat tuberculosis. They mixturesecau Angelica archangel leaves Artemisia canadensis, poultices, and put them on opposite sides of the painful body. Indians of the Rocky Mountains make a decoction of the root and drink as a tonic for the body after illness intarii.
Barbara Theiss, Peter Theiss - The Family Herbal - Healing Arts Press, 1989
HP Khara - Indian Herbal Remedies - Springer, 2004
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - illustrates Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
James Green - The Male Herbal - Crossing Press, 2007
Jo Ann Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants & ndash, Springer, 2005
John Crellin, Jane Philpott - A Reference Guide to Medicinal Plants - Duke University Press, 1997
George A. Burdock - Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives - CRC Press, 1997
Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.