Scientific name-Angelica archangel L.
Popular names - Angel, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, raiz del Epiritu Santo, Holy Root spirit.
Distribution and Habitat - Caucasus, Siberia, eastern, central and northern Europe, on the sea or water courses.
Description - biennial, robust root flesh that grows spring a robust strain of up to 2 m high. Basal leaves are large, double, tre-pinnate-sectors, 60 cm long; foliolele are oval, acuminata, margine gear, foliole terminal than others. Leaves stems are smaller and without stalks. Blossom umbela-made,5-15 cm diameter, flowers small, greenish. Blooms in June-July. Fruit achenes, oblong, with two seeds wings.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, semi-shade, shade, wet and well drained. soil pH 6.3.
Propagation - by seeds. They need light to germinate. Be sown immediately after harvest, because they have low viability. To extend the viability of seeds in one year, must be kept in a container in the refrigerator. Plants can transplant permanent job after a year.
Diseases and pests - spiders, leaf miner, aphids.
Properties and Uses - roots and leaves have properties snacks, antiseptic, antispasmotice, digestive. The roots are collected in September-October, the fruit is collected in August-September, no blossom. The roots are dried in the sun, are preserved in paper bags or cotton. The fruits are dried in the sun and is con served in glass containers.
In small doses acts as stimulant in high doses is a powerful depressant.
Angelica archangel stimulates appetite, help digestion, relieve stomach pain, favors the elimination of intestinal gas.
Internal Ez - roots - an infusion of 2g in 100 ml water, tincture Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of white wine, place it soak for 10 days.
Elixir of 8 g of the roots of Angelica archangel, 40 g sugar, 100 g of alcohol, water to fill a 1 liter bottle roots are left to soak in alcohol for 10 days, filter and add sugar and water.
Internal use - fruit - an infusion of 4 g in 100 ml of water, two to three cups a day.
To sweeten the combustion chamber is very few seeds or rootset Angelica archangelica.
They say a glass of wine with a small amount of powder Angelica archangel calm sexual desires better than a cold shower.
The oil obtained from roots of Angelica archangel Tabacului was added to give a better flavor cigarettes.
Traditional medicine uses Russian roots, seeds and leaves of Angelica archangel as calming of muscle spasms. Used for toning effect on the cardiovascular and nervous system.
Angelica archangel is also used to flavor lichiorurilor.
And the plant is suitable for borders.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is said that Angelica archangelica is blooming every year on May 8, of St. Michael Archangel.
There is a legend in 1665, the year of plague, a monk met an angel in his dream. Angel tells him that Angelica archangel can treat plague. Water Angelica archangel became an ingredient in the remedy of College Physics Journal published in London and called 'technical King's Majesty's Excellent Recipe for the Plague'. Suffering from plague drink 2 glasses of this drink each day.
In the late seventeenth century, using the herb Angelica archangel that came in a considerable decline, but was still prescribed for different diseases.
Angelica archangel American Indians used for various medical problems, for respiratory problems, to cause vomiting, to treat tuberculosis. They mixturesecau Angelica archangel leaves Artemisia canadensis, poultices, and put them on opposite sides of the painful body. Indians of the Rocky Mountains make a decoction of the root and drink as a tonic for the body after illness intarii.
Barbara Theiss, Peter Theiss - The Family Herbal - Healing Arts Press, 1989
HP Khara - Indian Herbal Remedies - Springer, 2004
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - illustrates Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
James Green - The Male Herbal - Crossing Press, 2007
Jo Ann Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants & ndash, Springer, 2005
John Crellin, Jane Philpott - A Reference Guide to Medicinal Plants - Duke University Press, 1997
George A. Burdock - Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives - CRC Press, 1997
Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A
The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.