Scientific Name– Annona muricata
Synonim– Annona bonplandiana, Annona muricata var. boriaquensis, Guanabamus muricatus, Annona cearensis, Annona macrocarpa.
Common name(s)– saua sap, zuurzak, durian blanda, atti, guayabano; corossol (Franta); Sauersack (Germania); nangka (Indonezia), coracao de rainha, graviola (Portugalia).
Distribution and Habitat– originates from tropical America (Argentina, Bahamas, Grenada, Guatmala, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Zanzibar).
Description– evergreen tree, 6-10 m high. Trunk straight; bark smooth, gray or gray-brown, fissured with age; crown spherical; branches at first ascending, later spreading; stalk brown or grey, with small lenticels. Leaves alternate, 7-15 cm long, obovate-elliptic, glossy on top, the bottom glabrous; stipules absent; petiole short, 3.10 mm long. Flower terminal or lateral; stalks stout, green, 1.3-1.9 cm long, 3 sepals, small, 3 mm long, triangular; 6 petals yellowish-green, outer petals are wide, ovate-acute, cordate with peak acute, 4-5 x 3 -4 cm, the inner petals, narrow, small, 3.8 cm long, thinner, rounded, concave. Fruit 14-40 x 10-18 cm, ovoid, dark green skin with thorns meat white pulp, fibrous and juicy, seeds shiny, dark brown or black, oblong, 2 x 0.7 cm.
Growth rate– fast, starting with the 3rd year.
Tolerances– drought tolerate short periods, long periods of drought cause premature loss of leaves.
Management– require regular watering and fertilizing weekly (10% phosphoric acid, 10% potassium and 3% nitrogen). Mulcing necessary to protect the root system.
By cuttings or grafting, the rootstock can be used Annona reticulata and Annona montana. Juveniles when they can replant 30-50 cm high, are planted in 60-80 cm between rows and between plants in row 150.
Pest and Diseases– Bephata maculicollis, Ceconata annonella, Talponia backeri, Thecla ortygnus, Coleoptera sp., Diptera sp., Lepidoptera sp., Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.
Properties and Uses– The fruit is a good source of vitamins B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100 g) and a poor to fair source of calcium and phosphorus.
Ivan A. Ross – Medicinal Plants of the World – Humana Press, 2003
S. D. Doijode – Seed Storage of Horticultural Crops – CRC Press, 2001
T. Kent Kirk – Tropical Trees of Florida and the Virgin Islands – pineapple Press, 2009
Trees and shrubs
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree
Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.