18
Jan
2010
Annona muricata
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name– Annona muricata

Synonim– Annona bonplandiana, Annona muricata var. boriaquensis, Guanabamus muricatus, Annona cearensis, Annona macrocarpa.

Common name(s)– saua sap, zuurzak, durian blanda, atti, guayabano; corossol (Franta); Sauersack (Germania); nangka (Indonezia), coracao de rainha, graviola (Portugalia).

Distribution and Habitat– originates from tropical America (Argentina, Bahamas, Grenada, Guatmala, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Zanzibar).  

Description– evergreen tree, 6-10 m high. Trunk straight; bark smooth, gray or gray-brown, fissured with age; crown spherical; branches at first ascending, later spreading; stalk brown or grey, with small lenticels. Leaves alternate, 7-15 cm long, obovate-elliptic, glossy on top, the bottom glabrous; stipules absent; petiole short, 3.10 mm long. Flower terminal or lateral; stalks stout, green, 1.3-1.9 cm long, 3 sepals, small, 3 mm long, triangular; 6 petals yellowish-green, outer petals are wide, ovate-acute, cordate with peak acute, 4-5 x 3 -4 cm, the inner petals, narrow, small, 3.8 cm long, thinner, rounded, concave. Fruit 14-40 x 10-18 cm, ovoid, dark green skin with thorns meat white pulp, fibrous and juicy, seeds shiny, dark brown or black, oblong, 2 x 0.7 cm. 

Growth rate– fast, starting with the 3rd year.

Tolerances– drought tolerate short periods, long periods of drought cause premature loss of leaves. 

Requirements– rich soils, pH 5.5-6.5, moist but well drained, partially-shaded. Temperatures of 25-30 ° C. 

Management– require regular watering and fertilizing weekly (10% phosphoric acid, 10% potassium and 3% nitrogen). Mulcing necessary to protect the root system. 

Propagation– the seeds germinate in 15-30 days. 

By cuttings or grafting, the rootstock can be used Annona reticulata and Annona montana. Juveniles when they can replant 30-50 cm high, are planted in 60-80 cm between rows and between plants in row 150. 

Pest and Diseases– Bephata maculicollis, Ceconata annonella, Talponia backeri, Thecla ortygnus, Coleoptera sp., Diptera sp., Lepidoptera sp., Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.

Garden Partners

Cultivars

Properties and Uses– The fruit is a good source of vitamins B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100 g) and a poor to fair source of calcium and phosphorus. 

Curiosity

Bibliography

Ivan A. Ross – Medicinal Plants of the World – Humana Press, 2003

S. D. Doijode – Seed Storage of Horticultural Crops – CRC Press, 2001

T. Kent Kirk – Tropical Trees of Florida and the Virgin Islands – pineapple Press, 2009

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.

Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.

 
Lonicera xylosteum

Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.

 
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Ceratonia siliqua L.

Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper

 
Hamamelis virginiana

Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.

Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.

 
Magnoliopsida
Gentiana Crusader

Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.

 
Stachys officinalis

Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.

 
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor

Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.

 
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica - a species native to China and Japan, was first described by Carl Thunberg in Flora Japonica.

 
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link

Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.

Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links