Scientific Name– Annona muricata
Synonim– Annona bonplandiana, Annona muricata var. boriaquensis, Guanabamus muricatus, Annona cearensis, Annona macrocarpa.
Common name(s)– saua sap, zuurzak, durian blanda, atti, guayabano; corossol (Franta); Sauersack (Germania); nangka (Indonezia), coracao de rainha, graviola (Portugalia).
Distribution and Habitat– originates from tropical America (Argentina, Bahamas, Grenada, Guatmala, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Zanzibar).
Description– evergreen tree, 6-10 m high. Trunk straight; bark smooth, gray or gray-brown, fissured with age; crown spherical; branches at first ascending, later spreading; stalk brown or grey, with small lenticels. Leaves alternate, 7-15 cm long, obovate-elliptic, glossy on top, the bottom glabrous; stipules absent; petiole short, 3.10 mm long. Flower terminal or lateral; stalks stout, green, 1.3-1.9 cm long, 3 sepals, small, 3 mm long, triangular; 6 petals yellowish-green, outer petals are wide, ovate-acute, cordate with peak acute, 4-5 x 3 -4 cm, the inner petals, narrow, small, 3.8 cm long, thinner, rounded, concave. Fruit 14-40 x 10-18 cm, ovoid, dark green skin with thorns meat white pulp, fibrous and juicy, seeds shiny, dark brown or black, oblong, 2 x 0.7 cm.
Growth rate– fast, starting with the 3rd year.
Tolerances– drought tolerate short periods, long periods of drought cause premature loss of leaves.
Management– require regular watering and fertilizing weekly (10% phosphoric acid, 10% potassium and 3% nitrogen). Mulcing necessary to protect the root system.
By cuttings or grafting, the rootstock can be used Annona reticulata and Annona montana. Juveniles when they can replant 30-50 cm high, are planted in 60-80 cm between rows and between plants in row 150.
Pest and Diseases– Bephata maculicollis, Ceconata annonella, Talponia backeri, Thecla ortygnus, Coleoptera sp., Diptera sp., Lepidoptera sp., Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.
Properties and Uses– The fruit is a good source of vitamins B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100 g) and a poor to fair source of calcium and phosphorus.
Ivan A. Ross – Medicinal Plants of the World – Humana Press, 2003
S. D. Doijode – Seed Storage of Horticultural Crops – CRC Press, 2001
T. Kent Kirk – Tropical Trees of Florida and the Virgin Islands – pineapple Press, 2009
Trees and shrubs
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.