01
Jun
2009
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Anthyllis vulneraria L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - head Turcului, harmful antillide, vulneraria, trifoglio vulnerario, Lady's Fingers, Nyulszapuka.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on arid land, limestone, and pastures, from plain to 3000 m altitude, originally from Europe and North Africa.

Description - herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto. Flowers Sesi or short pedunculate, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe in Cime terminal. Caliciu 0.5-1.5 cm, pubescent. Corola dialipetala, yellow. Blooms in May-August. Fruit pods, Vilos. Seeds ellipsoidal to slightly reniforme, 2.2-2.8 x 1.7-2 mm, surface smooth, glossy, the basal yellow, otherwise green. 2n = 12

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. alpestris - calyx provided bristled at Vilos to hirsute.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. arundana.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. borealis.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Bosc.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Carpathian - bristled calyx provided pressured and serum.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. CORBIER.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. forondae - calyx 1.1-1.7 cm long, larger plants, robust, with stem 20-40 cm high.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. lapponica.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. maritima.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Maura.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. polyphylla - frunze uniformly distributed along the stem.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. pyrenaica.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Reuter.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. rubriflora.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. vulneraria - calyx 0.7-0.9 cm long, small plants, sensitive to the strain of 10-15-20 cm height.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. weldeniana.

Tolerances - pH between 4.8-8.

Requirements - grows well on calcareous soils and sunny.

Propagation - by seeds, it looks cool spring or autumn in a greenhouse. Germinate in 1-2 months at 10 ˚ C.

Natural partners and Garden - Desmazeria Navy, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanatus, Sedum acre, Sedum anglicum, Silene vulgaris subsp. maritima, Spergularia rupicola,

Myth, Legend and Folklore - entire plant, between flourishing, contain substances tannins, mucilages, dye, has proprietati neuro-tonic, and astringent sudorific. Flowers, in infusions, depurative properties. Parties bloom may be used for wounds, as astringent.

Infusion of Anthyllis vulneraria can substitute the Fragaria vesca, Rubus idaeus, Prunus spinosa.

References

AA Fedorov - Flora of Russia - The European Part and Bordering Regions - Taylor & Francis, 2002

JS Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Maritime Communities and Vegetation of Open habitats - Cambridge University Press, 2008

Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - The Carpathian Mountains Region - Springer, 2007

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Bellis perennis L. - bucks

Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval

 
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash

Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.

 
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Capparis spinosa L. - caper

Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.

 
Flowers
Coronilla vary

Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.

 
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.

 
Arabis turrita

Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.

 
Geranium argenteum

Geranium argenteum - herbaceous perennial, grows in the Alps, the limestone rocks in central and northern Italy until SE France, from 1600-2100 m altitude. Rare species.

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Magnoliopsida
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
Nigella arvensis

Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.

 
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash

Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.

 
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales

Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.

 
Arabis turrita

Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links