Scientific name - Anthyllis vulneraria L.
Popular names - head Turcului, harmful antillide, vulneraria, trifoglio vulnerario, Lady's Fingers, Nyulszapuka.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on arid land, limestone, and pastures, from plain to 3000 m altitude, originally from Europe and North Africa.
Description - herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto. Flowers Sesi or short pedunculate, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe in Cime terminal. Caliciu 0.5-1.5 cm, pubescent. Corola dialipetala, yellow. Blooms in May-August. Fruit pods, Vilos. Seeds ellipsoidal to slightly reniforme, 2.2-2.8 x 1.7-2 mm, surface smooth, glossy, the basal yellow, otherwise green. 2n = 12
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. alpestris - calyx provided bristled at Vilos to hirsute.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. arundana.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. borealis.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Bosc.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Carpathian - bristled calyx provided pressured and serum.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. CORBIER.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. forondae - calyx 1.1-1.7 cm long, larger plants, robust, with stem 20-40 cm high.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. lapponica.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. maritima.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Maura.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. polyphylla - frunze uniformly distributed along the stem.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. pyrenaica.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Reuter.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. rubriflora.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. vulneraria - calyx 0.7-0.9 cm long, small plants, sensitive to the strain of 10-15-20 cm height.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. weldeniana.
Tolerances - pH between 4.8-8.
Requirements - grows well on calcareous soils and sunny.
Propagation - by seeds, it looks cool spring or autumn in a greenhouse. Germinate in 1-2 months at 10 ˚ C.
Natural partners and Garden - Desmazeria Navy, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanatus, Sedum acre, Sedum anglicum, Silene vulgaris subsp. maritima, Spergularia rupicola,
Myth, Legend and Folklore - entire plant, between flourishing, contain substances tannins, mucilages, dye, has proprietati neuro-tonic, and astringent sudorific. Flowers, in infusions, depurative properties. Parties bloom may be used for wounds, as astringent.
Infusion of Anthyllis vulneraria can substitute the Fragaria vesca, Rubus idaeus, Prunus spinosa.
AA Fedorov - Flora of Russia - The European Part and Bordering Regions - Taylor & Francis, 2002
JS Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Maritime Communities and Vegetation of Open habitats - Cambridge University Press, 2008
Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - The Carpathian Mountains Region - Springer, 2007
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel