01
Jun
2009
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Anthyllis vulneraria L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - head Turcului, harmful antillide, vulneraria, trifoglio vulnerario, Lady's Fingers, Nyulszapuka.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on arid land, limestone, and pastures, from plain to 3000 m altitude, originally from Europe and North Africa.

Description - herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto. Flowers Sesi or short pedunculate, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe in Cime terminal. Caliciu 0.5-1.5 cm, pubescent. Corola dialipetala, yellow. Blooms in May-August. Fruit pods, Vilos. Seeds ellipsoidal to slightly reniforme, 2.2-2.8 x 1.7-2 mm, surface smooth, glossy, the basal yellow, otherwise green. 2n = 12

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. alpestris - calyx provided bristled at Vilos to hirsute.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. arundana.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. borealis.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Bosc.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Carpathian - bristled calyx provided pressured and serum.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. CORBIER.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. forondae - calyx 1.1-1.7 cm long, larger plants, robust, with stem 20-40 cm high.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. lapponica.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. maritima.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Maura.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. polyphylla - frunze uniformly distributed along the stem.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. pyrenaica.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Reuter.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. rubriflora.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. vulneraria - calyx 0.7-0.9 cm long, small plants, sensitive to the strain of 10-15-20 cm height.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. weldeniana.

Tolerances - pH between 4.8-8.

Requirements - grows well on calcareous soils and sunny.

Propagation - by seeds, it looks cool spring or autumn in a greenhouse. Germinate in 1-2 months at 10 ˚ C.

Natural partners and Garden - Desmazeria Navy, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanatus, Sedum acre, Sedum anglicum, Silene vulgaris subsp. maritima, Spergularia rupicola,

Myth, Legend and Folklore - entire plant, between flourishing, contain substances tannins, mucilages, dye, has proprietati neuro-tonic, and astringent sudorific. Flowers, in infusions, depurative properties. Parties bloom may be used for wounds, as astringent.

Infusion of Anthyllis vulneraria can substitute the Fragaria vesca, Rubus idaeus, Prunus spinosa.

References

AA Fedorov - Flora of Russia - The European Part and Bordering Regions - Taylor & Francis, 2002

JS Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Maritime Communities and Vegetation of Open habitats - Cambridge University Press, 2008

Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - The Carpathian Mountains Region - Springer, 2007

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