Scientific name - Anthyllis vulneraria L.
Popular names - head Turcului, harmful antillide, vulneraria, trifoglio vulnerario, Lady's Fingers, Nyulszapuka.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on arid land, limestone, and pastures, from plain to 3000 m altitude, originally from Europe and North Africa.
Description - herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto. Flowers Sesi or short pedunculate, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe in Cime terminal. Caliciu 0.5-1.5 cm, pubescent. Corola dialipetala, yellow. Blooms in May-August. Fruit pods, Vilos. Seeds ellipsoidal to slightly reniforme, 2.2-2.8 x 1.7-2 mm, surface smooth, glossy, the basal yellow, otherwise green. 2n = 12
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. alpestris - calyx provided bristled at Vilos to hirsute.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. arundana.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. borealis.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Bosc.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Carpathian - bristled calyx provided pressured and serum.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. CORBIER.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. forondae - calyx 1.1-1.7 cm long, larger plants, robust, with stem 20-40 cm high.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. lapponica.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. maritima.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Maura.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. polyphylla - frunze uniformly distributed along the stem.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. pyrenaica.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Reuter.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. rubriflora.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. vulneraria - calyx 0.7-0.9 cm long, small plants, sensitive to the strain of 10-15-20 cm height.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. weldeniana.
Tolerances - pH between 4.8-8.
Requirements - grows well on calcareous soils and sunny.
Propagation - by seeds, it looks cool spring or autumn in a greenhouse. Germinate in 1-2 months at 10 ˚ C.
Natural partners and Garden - Desmazeria Navy, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanatus, Sedum acre, Sedum anglicum, Silene vulgaris subsp. maritima, Spergularia rupicola,
Myth, Legend and Folklore - entire plant, between flourishing, contain substances tannins, mucilages, dye, has proprietati neuro-tonic, and astringent sudorific. Flowers, in infusions, depurative properties. Parties bloom may be used for wounds, as astringent.
Infusion of Anthyllis vulneraria can substitute the Fragaria vesca, Rubus idaeus, Prunus spinosa.
AA Fedorov - Flora of Russia - The European Part and Bordering Regions - Taylor & Francis, 2002
JS Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Maritime Communities and Vegetation of Open habitats - Cambridge University Press, 2008
Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - The Carpathian Mountains Region - Springer, 2007
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.