01
Jun
2009
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Anthyllis vulneraria L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - head Turcului, harmful antillide, vulneraria, trifoglio vulnerario, Lady's Fingers, Nyulszapuka.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on arid land, limestone, and pastures, from plain to 3000 m altitude, originally from Europe and North Africa.

Description - herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto. Flowers Sesi or short pedunculate, hermaphrodite, zigomorfe in Cime terminal. Caliciu 0.5-1.5 cm, pubescent. Corola dialipetala, yellow. Blooms in May-August. Fruit pods, Vilos. Seeds ellipsoidal to slightly reniforme, 2.2-2.8 x 1.7-2 mm, surface smooth, glossy, the basal yellow, otherwise green. 2n = 12

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. alpestris - calyx provided bristled at Vilos to hirsute.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. arundana.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. borealis.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Bosc.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Carpathian - bristled calyx provided pressured and serum.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. CORBIER.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. forondae - calyx 1.1-1.7 cm long, larger plants, robust, with stem 20-40 cm high.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. lapponica.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. maritima.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Maura.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. polyphylla - frunze uniformly distributed along the stem.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. pyrenaica.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. Reuter.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. rubriflora.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. vulneraria - calyx 0.7-0.9 cm long, small plants, sensitive to the strain of 10-15-20 cm height.

Anthyllis vulneraria L. subsp. weldeniana.

Tolerances - pH between 4.8-8.

Requirements - grows well on calcareous soils and sunny.

Propagation - by seeds, it looks cool spring or autumn in a greenhouse. Germinate in 1-2 months at 10 ˚ C.

Natural partners and Garden - Desmazeria Navy, Festuca rubra, Holcus lanatus, Sedum acre, Sedum anglicum, Silene vulgaris subsp. maritima, Spergularia rupicola,

Myth, Legend and Folklore - entire plant, between flourishing, contain substances tannins, mucilages, dye, has proprietati neuro-tonic, and astringent sudorific. Flowers, in infusions, depurative properties. Parties bloom may be used for wounds, as astringent.

Infusion of Anthyllis vulneraria can substitute the Fragaria vesca, Rubus idaeus, Prunus spinosa.

References

AA Fedorov - Flora of Russia - The European Part and Bordering Regions - Taylor & Francis, 2002

JS Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Maritime Communities and Vegetation of Open habitats - Cambridge University Press, 2008

Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - The Carpathian Mountains Region - Springer, 2007

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Senna corymbosa

Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .

 
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches

Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.

 
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita

Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.

 
Flowers
Gymnadenia conopsea

Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.

Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.

 
Convolvulus althaeoides

Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.

 
Limonium sinuatum

Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.

 
Campanula glomerata

Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.

 
Magnoliopsida
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi

Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.

 
Salix cinerea

Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.

 
Cassia angustifolia

Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.

 
Teline canariensis

Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.

 
Angophora hispida Blaxell

Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links