11
Nov
2008
Aphelandra squarrosa
House Plant | Flowers | Magnoliopsida
1
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Scientific name - Aphelandra squarrosa

Genus name is derived from Greek 'apheles' - simple, and 'andrei' - man, considering the anthers present a single box.

Popular names - afelandra, Saffron spike, zebra plant.

Distribution and Habitat - Originally from Brazil.

Description - bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate, middle lobe 7 mm, lateral lobes short. Stamens equal. Fruit capsulesto oblong, 8 mm. Inflorescences appear from June to September.

Requirements - Minimum temperature of 12-15 ° C; exhibitions sunny, but not direct sun, should be protected from air currents, compost should be rich in humus and always be kept moist, but not stagnate water. He needs a moderate ambient humidity, high.

Managing t - summer, fertilizeaza every week, the rest of the year to 15 days with a liquid fertilizer.

Propagation - by cuttings or seeds. Cuttings may be taken in March-April. Cuttings are made from top sites of 8-10 cm long stem from a robust and healthy plant. Is recommended that plants be cut with a knife or a sharp knife, clean and disinfect. After removal from the leaves of seedlings, treated with root stimulator rizogeni to promote, then planting a mixture of sand and peat in p artists equal.

The vessel is covered with a transparent plastic sheet and put in the shade at a temperature of 21-24 ° C taking care that the land be constantly wet. Every day is ground control to be wet and wipe condensation from the plastic.

When they started to show buds can get down plastic vessel and put Single-a brighter area, but at the same temperature.

Diseases and pests - Coccoidea, Phytophthora parasitica, Tobacco mosaic.

Natural partners and Garden - sanderiana Dracaena, Ficus benjamina, Fittonia, Peperomia argyreia,botanicatalog.com/en/taxon160704/Pilea "target =" _blank "> Pile.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Brockfeld', more compact form, 'Dania' leaves with silver spots, and yellow-orange blossom, 'Louisae'.

Properties and Uses - plant can be toxic, must be kept away from children and pets. May cause allergic reactions and skin irritations.

References

David Squire - The Propagation Specialist - New Holland, 2007

Nico Vermeulen - Encyclopedia of House Plants - Routledge, 1999

Will Giles - Encyclopedia of Exotic Plants for Temperate climates - Timber Press, 2007

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