Scientific name - Aquilegia atrata Koch
Synonyms - Aquilegia vulgaris var. atroviolacea, Aquilegia vulgaris subsp. atrata
Popular names - boilers, dark Columbine, Aquilegia Scura.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous species in mountain forests in Austria, Switzerland, France, Germany, Italy and Slovenia, which grows in the semiumbra, from 400 to 2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca, basal leaves are long-petiolate, petiole 10-20 cm; caulinare leaves are smaller. Flowers actinomorfe, symmetric radiata, Pendente, hermaphrodite, perfumingI, long-pedunculate, ready to blossom panic; 5 tepale outer petaloide, spatulate or oval-lanceolata dark violet; 5 tepale interior nectarifere, dark purple, which ends with one spur to recurbat shaft, yellow stamens, May longer than the petals. Blooms in May-July. Fruit follicles. Seeds small, 1-1.5 mm long, black, shiny.
Propagation - by seeds, it looks like spring or fall. In the first year will be only a rosette of leaves, flowering the second year.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.
Annual U.S. glabra slightly pubescent. Stem erect, branched, 10-50 cm high. Stipelate leaves, opposite, 1.5-5 cm, ovata lanceolata or elliptic, margin crenat-evening, petiole 0.2-1.5 cm. Dioecious, occasionally monoecious.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul