Scientific name - Aquilegia fragrans Benth. 1840
Popular names - perfumed pot, Columbine.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from north-west Himalayan region, eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan and northwestern India. Grows on the slopes of grohotis at 2400-3500 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks. Caulinare leaves, Lobatse, 1-3 lobes lanceolata, short stalks or Sesi. Flowering branch, each branch of one flowerE. Flowers fragrant, 3-5 cm long, sepa-cream white with blue or purple open, ovata, obtuse, acute or short-acuminata, 2-3 x 0.9-1.2 cm, slightly pubescent, petals white or cream, lamina obovata , round or truncata, 1.2-2.5 x 0.8-1.4 cm, finely pubescent; spur 1.5-2 cm long, slightly curved or bent. Stamens numerous. Blooms in June-August. 5.9 Fruit follicles, densely pubescent, rarely glandular-pubescent, 1.5-2 cm long.
Aquilegia fragrans var. fragrans.
Aquilegia fragrans var. kunawarensis.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerant - nearly all types of soil, soil less heavy. Do not stand temperatures below (-15) ͦ C.
Requirements - soil rich in humus, with perlite to ensure good drainage, exhibitions sunny.
Management - is wet during periods of drought and prosperity. Remove flower stalks are passed to encourage other bloomsIRI.
Propagation - by seeds. Germinate well after a period of stratification. Blooming in the second year after sowing.
Natural partners and Garden - Anemone trullifolia.
Properties and Uses - can be used as ornamental species, for rocarii, borders or as plant pots.
Aquilegia fragrans has diuretic properties.
Baldassare Mineo - Rock Garden - Timber Press, 1999
Bobby J. Ward - The Plant Hunter's Garden - Timber Press, 2004
Cindy Nelson-Nold, Robert Nold - Columbines - Timber Press, 2003
Narain Singh Chauhan - Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Himachal Pradesh - Indus Publishing Company, 1999
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Euphrasia arguta reappeared after 100 years