05
Jul
2009
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Aquilegia fragrans Benth. 1840

Synonyms --

Popular names - perfumed pot, Columbine.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from north-west Himalayan region, eastern Afghanistan, Pakistan and northwestern India. Grows on the slopes of grohotis at 2400-3500 m altitude.

Description - herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks. Caulinare leaves, Lobatse, 1-3 lobes lanceolata, short stalks or Sesi. Flowering branch, each branch of one flowerE. Flowers fragrant, 3-5 cm long, sepa-cream white with blue or purple open, ovata, obtuse, acute or short-acuminata, 2-3 x 0.9-1.2 cm, slightly pubescent, petals white or cream, lamina obovata , round or truncata, 1.2-2.5 x 0.8-1.4 cm, finely pubescent; spur 1.5-2 cm long, slightly curved or bent. Stamens numerous. Blooms in June-August. 5.9 Fruit follicles, densely pubescent, rarely glandular-pubescent, 1.5-2 cm long.

Aquilegia fragrans var. fragrans.

Aquilegia fragrans var. kunawarensis.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerant - nearly all types of soil, soil less heavy. Do not stand temperatures below (-15) ͦ C.

Requirements - soil rich in humus, with perlite to ensure good drainage, exhibitions sunny.

Management - is wet during periods of drought and prosperity. Remove flower stalks are passed to encourage other bloomsIRI.

Propagation - by seeds. Germinate well after a period of stratification. Blooming in the second year after sowing.

Natural partners and Garden - Anemone trullifolia.

Properties and Uses - can be used as ornamental species, for rocarii, borders or as plant pots.

Aquilegia fragrans has diuretic properties.

References

Baldassare Mineo - Rock Garden - Timber Press, 1999

Bobby J. Ward - The Plant Hunter's Garden - Timber Press, 2004

Cindy Nelson-Nold, Robert Nold - Columbines - Timber Press, 2003

Narain Singh Chauhan - Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Himachal Pradesh - Indus Publishing Company, 1999

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