10
Jul
2009
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Arachis hypogaea

Synonyms --

Popular names - peanuts, arachidic, peanut, cacahuete, Erdnuss, groundnut, nocciola, pistacchio di terra.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from South America.

Description - herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.

Tolerant - do not tolerate drought and calcareous soils.

Requirements - light soil, sandy, rich in organic substances, pH 5-6.

Management - fertilizers applied during growth. During the flowering apply calcium sulfate.

Propagation - by seedyou. Seeds is sown in April-May, to 5 inches deep and 10-15 cm between plants. For germination requires temperatures between 16 and 20 ͦ C.

Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas solanacearum, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria arachidis (necrotic spots, orange-brown), Alternaria alternata (necrotic spots, orange-brown, the ribs), Alternaria tenuissima (disease of the leaves, brown spots), Colletotrichum arachidis ( circular lesions or iregulate with gray-white center and edges brown), Aspergillus niger (disease occurs in the first 10 days after seed germination, attack hipocotilul), Thielaviopsis basicola (disease that attacks the roots, the roots are black, the mold and die), Botrytis cinerea, Macrophomina phaseolina, Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Cylindrocladium and Fusarium solani parasiticum.

Properties and Uses - peanuts contain 26% protein, vitamin B, calcium, phosphorus, potasiu, iron and magnesium.

Peanut butter: Peanut fresh Toasters 250 ml, 46 ml and 2.5 ml peanut oil salt. It mixes oil and peanuts, then add salt.

2 cotiledoane white seeds were rich in oil and protein. They are sweet, oleaginous, aphrodisiac and tonic. Peanut oil is sweet, laxative and emollient.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - before Columbus, peanuts were unknown in the world. For the first time were mentioned in Spanish chronicles of the sixteenth century.

During the 1800s, peanut oil, has become an important article of commerce.

"Eating Goober Peas" - is a popular song about peanuts.

"Sitting by the roadside, on a summer day,

Chatting with my messmates, passing time away,

Lying in the shadow, underneath the trees,

Goodness how delicious, eating Goober Peas!

Peas! Peas! Peas! Peas! Eating Goober Peas!

Goodness how delicious, eating Goober Peas "

References

Frederic Rosengarten Jr. - Book of Edible Nuts - Dover Publications, 2004

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1994

Robert F. Nyvall - Field Crop Diseases - Wiley Blackwell, 1999

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Pontederia cordata L.

Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.

 
Limonium sinuatum

Leaves in basal rosette, 5.12 x 1.5-3 mm, limb oblong-lanceolata, 1.3 mm peak cuspidata, dilated to the wing edges pinnate-lobate, 5 cm long stalks. Blossom wing, 20-40 cm, hispida, bracts 5-10 mm.

 
Primula elatior

Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.

 
Viola x wittrockiana

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

 
Polemonium caeruleum

Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.

 
Magnoliopsida
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Impatiens parviflora

Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.

 
Silene diclinis

Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.

 
Senna corymbosa

Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .

 
Paeonia lactiflora

Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links