10
Jul
2009
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
3
0

Scientific name - Arachis hypogaea

Synonyms --

Popular names - peanuts, arachidic, peanut, cacahuete, Erdnuss, groundnut, nocciola, pistacchio di terra.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from South America.

Description - herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.

Tolerant - do not tolerate drought and calcareous soils.

Requirements - light soil, sandy, rich in organic substances, pH 5-6.

Management - fertilizers applied during growth. During the flowering apply calcium sulfate.

Propagation - by seedyou. Seeds is sown in April-May, to 5 inches deep and 10-15 cm between plants. For germination requires temperatures between 16 and 20 ͦ C.

Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas solanacearum, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria arachidis (necrotic spots, orange-brown), Alternaria alternata (necrotic spots, orange-brown, the ribs), Alternaria tenuissima (disease of the leaves, brown spots), Colletotrichum arachidis ( circular lesions or iregulate with gray-white center and edges brown), Aspergillus niger (disease occurs in the first 10 days after seed germination, attack hipocotilul), Thielaviopsis basicola (disease that attacks the roots, the roots are black, the mold and die), Botrytis cinerea, Macrophomina phaseolina, Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Cylindrocladium and Fusarium solani parasiticum.

Properties and Uses - peanuts contain 26% protein, vitamin B, calcium, phosphorus, potasiu, iron and magnesium.

Peanut butter: Peanut fresh Toasters 250 ml, 46 ml and 2.5 ml peanut oil salt. It mixes oil and peanuts, then add salt.

2 cotiledoane white seeds were rich in oil and protein. They are sweet, oleaginous, aphrodisiac and tonic. Peanut oil is sweet, laxative and emollient.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - before Columbus, peanuts were unknown in the world. For the first time were mentioned in Spanish chronicles of the sixteenth century.

During the 1800s, peanut oil, has become an important article of commerce.

"Eating Goober Peas" - is a popular song about peanuts.

"Sitting by the roadside, on a summer day,

Chatting with my messmates, passing time away,

Lying in the shadow, underneath the trees,

Goodness how delicious, eating Goober Peas!

Peas! Peas! Peas! Peas! Eating Goober Peas!

Goodness how delicious, eating Goober Peas "

References

Frederic Rosengarten Jr. - Book of Edible Nuts - Dover Publications, 2004

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1994

Robert F. Nyvall - Field Crop Diseases - Wiley Blackwell, 1999

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Papaver aurantiacum

Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.

 
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita

Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.

 
Tithonia rotundifolia

Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.

 
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca

Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.

 
Bletilla striata

Bletilla are easy to grow,  to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.

 
Magnoliopsida
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.

Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.

 
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo

Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length

 
Schefflera arboricola

Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.

 
Viola x wittrockiana

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

 
Hoffmannia regalis

Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links