Scientific name - Begonia sp.
Name genus Begonia was dedicated Begona Michel (1638-1710), Governor of Antille, by Charles pencil box, which introduced Begonia in Europe.
Popular names - begonia.
Distribution and Habitat - spread to all regions, from the tropical to warm temperate. There are about 900 species, most of which are perennial, are divided into 3 main groups: tuberous begonias, begonias and root rizomatoase beam.
Description - Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent. The fruit is a capsule wingtriangular in section, with many fine seeds.
Requirements - The ideal temperature for most begonias is 13-29 ͦ C. In warm areas, begonias should not be exposed to direct sun light must be filtered or indirect. In northern regions begonias be overshadowed during spring and summer. Light too powerful or too low can cause pale leaves, poor growth and few flowers. Humidity should be 40-60%. If on the leaves become brown, the leaves and flowers of fall is a consequence of moisture insufieciente. If humidity is too high and appear fugicide bacterial diseases. The land that is slightly acidic pH 5.8-6.8, light, well aerated, well drained, and pumice perlitul are necessary to ensure good drainage.
Management - inflorescences wilted cut.
Propagation - tuberose begonias multiply by cuttings or division of tubers, ifthey are large. Cuttings shall be of basal branches since April, their length should be about 7.10 cm. At first made available in a mixture of half peat, half sand. Successively engaging in the transplanting depending on plant growth.
If tuberuculul divide is greater necasar cutting tubers into chunks so that each of them contain at least one healthy bud, after which the plants.
Begonias rizomatoase multiply by rhizome division. Ideal period is April. Control aibe each portion to a good bud.
Begonias are propagated by root cuttings fasciculated from May to August.
Most begonias can inmultii and by seeds. To sterilize the seeds mixed with sand, place in aluminum foil to ͦ 16-21 C for one hour. The seeds need light and moisture to germinate, so it is better to not be covered by plover and the ship to be covered with plastic or glass to increase humidity.
Diseases and pests - nematodes, Pythium sp., Rhizoctonia sp ..
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
The first species planted were those begonia Begonia grandis in China, around 1400 years.
First begonia grown in Europe was a Jamaican species, Begonia minor, which William Brown sent an Kew gardens in 1777.
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Manual of Annuals, Biennials and Half-Hardy Perennials - Timber Press, 2001
Barbara Damrosch - The Garden Primer - Roda Press, 2003
Mark C. Tebbitt - Begonias: Cultivation, Identification and Natural History & ndash, Timber Press, 2005
Culture and maintenance of species of Tillandsia
Of all the plants discovered by Elias Tillandsia, Tillandsia is the most fascinating kind for the variety of forms, the beauty of flowers and original way to hranii without using root.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.