Scientific name - Bellis perennis L.
Synonyms - Bellis hybrida Ten.
Popular names - bucks, Blidari, bumbuscute, roosters, Easter flower, beautiful grass, nasturasi, bellide dei Prati, margheritina, pratolina, bone flower, English Daisy, Masliepen, On-paperette, Tausendschon, Vellore.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet soils, from plain to 2000 m altitude. Originally from Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval receptacle conical, flat, tubular flowers, fertiles, Corola yellow lobes erect, very short tube, ligula white flowers (often with pink-red inside), fertile, 8 mm long. Blooms in March-September. Fruit achenes, lanceolata, 1-1.5 mm long, flattened, yellow-brown. 2n = 18
Tolerances - acidic or alkaline soils. Not tolerate drought.
Requirements - soil moist but not waterlogged, water, clay, humus rich, fertile in full sun or semi-shade.
Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. Division of rhizomes is inceputl spring or summer. Seeds sown in autumn in a greenhouse, cold spring germinate.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Cerastium sp., Lotus pedunculatus, Mentha pulegium, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus repens, Rumex conglomeratus, Trifolium dubium, Veronica serpyllifolia.
Cultivars and varieties & ndAsh, 'Brilliant' with dark red flowers. 'Carpet' with pink flowers, red or white, double, 2.5 cm diameter. 'Karlos' with dark red flowers. 'Miniature Double Button' with double flowers, white, red or pink. 'Robella' with pink flowers.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are edible, the leaves collected before flowering and can be used in salads or soups. Raw leaves, chewed indicated for inflammations of the mouth and tongue. Infusion of leaves may be used against insects.
Bellis perennis has astringent properties. Flowers are slightly laxative properties and to stimulate diuresis, detoxification.
Bellis perennis may be an excellent remedy for acne and abscese, throughout the body.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
In the past, boiled leaves of Bellis perennis were folosite in poultices for wounds and furunculi.
They say Bellis derived from Bellide, Greek mythology is a Ninfa, who was in love with Efigeo but Vertumno (guard spring) was jealous of their love ... Bellide so she decided to flee Vertumno and turned into flower, Bellis.
In Norse mythology is the goddess of spring.
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - The University of Michigan Press, 2004
Dr. JD Patil - Textbook of Applied Materia Medica - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Joseph M. Ditomaso - Weeds of California and Other Western States - Agriculture & Natural Resources. 2007
Subrata Kumar Banerji - Materia Medica Made Easy - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Aloe vera Mill.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey