08
Jun
2009
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Bellis perennis L.

Synonyms - Bellis hybrida Ten.

Popular names - bucks, Blidari, bumbuscute, roosters, Easter flower, beautiful grass, nasturasi, bellide dei Prati, margheritina, pratolina, bone flower, English Daisy, Masliepen, On-paperette, Tausendschon, Vellore.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet soils, from plain to 2000 m altitude. Originally from Europe.

Description - herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval receptacle conical, flat, tubular flowers, fertiles, Corola yellow lobes erect, very short tube, ligula white flowers (often with pink-red inside), fertile, 8 mm long. Blooms in March-September. Fruit achenes, lanceolata, 1-1.5 mm long, flattened, yellow-brown. 2n = 18

Tolerances - acidic or alkaline soils. Not tolerate drought.

Requirements - soil moist but not waterlogged, water, clay, humus rich, fertile in full sun or semi-shade.

Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. Division of rhizomes is inceputl spring or summer. Seeds sown in autumn in a greenhouse, cold spring germinate.

Diseases and pests - aphids.

Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Cerastium sp., Lotus pedunculatus, Mentha pulegium, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus repens, Rumex conglomeratus, Trifolium dubium, Veronica serpyllifolia.

Cultivars and varieties & ndAsh, 'Brilliant' with dark red flowers. 'Carpet' with pink flowers, red or white, double, 2.5 cm diameter. 'Karlos' with dark red flowers. 'Miniature Double Button' with double flowers, white, red or pink. 'Robella' with pink flowers.

Properties and Uses - The leaves are edible, the leaves collected before flowering and can be used in salads or soups. Raw leaves, chewed indicated for inflammations of the mouth and tongue. Infusion of leaves may be used against insects.

Bellis perennis has astringent properties. Flowers are slightly laxative properties and to stimulate diuresis, detoxification.

Bellis perennis may be an excellent remedy for acne and abscese, throughout the body.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

In the past, boiled leaves of Bellis perennis were folosite in poultices for wounds and furunculi.

They say Bellis derived from Bellide, Greek mythology is a Ninfa, who was in love with Efigeo but Vertumno (guard spring) was jealous of their love ... Bellide so she decided to flee Vertumno and turned into flower, Bellis.

In Norse mythology is the goddess of spring.

References

Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004

Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - The University of Michigan Press, 2004

Dr. JD Patil - Textbook of Applied Materia Medica - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008

Joseph M. Ditomaso - Weeds of California and Other Western States - Agriculture & Natural Resources. 2007

Subrata Kumar Banerji - Materia Medica Made Easy - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008

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