Scientific name - Bellis perennis L.
Synonyms - Bellis hybrida Ten.
Popular names - bucks, Blidari, bumbuscute, roosters, Easter flower, beautiful grass, nasturasi, bellide dei Prati, margheritina, pratolina, bone flower, English Daisy, Masliepen, On-paperette, Tausendschon, Vellore.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet soils, from plain to 2000 m altitude. Originally from Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval receptacle conical, flat, tubular flowers, fertiles, Corola yellow lobes erect, very short tube, ligula white flowers (often with pink-red inside), fertile, 8 mm long. Blooms in March-September. Fruit achenes, lanceolata, 1-1.5 mm long, flattened, yellow-brown. 2n = 18
Tolerances - acidic or alkaline soils. Not tolerate drought.
Requirements - soil moist but not waterlogged, water, clay, humus rich, fertile in full sun or semi-shade.
Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. Division of rhizomes is inceputl spring or summer. Seeds sown in autumn in a greenhouse, cold spring germinate.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Cerastium sp., Lotus pedunculatus, Mentha pulegium, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus repens, Rumex conglomeratus, Trifolium dubium, Veronica serpyllifolia.
Cultivars and varieties & ndAsh, 'Brilliant' with dark red flowers. 'Carpet' with pink flowers, red or white, double, 2.5 cm diameter. 'Karlos' with dark red flowers. 'Miniature Double Button' with double flowers, white, red or pink. 'Robella' with pink flowers.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are edible, the leaves collected before flowering and can be used in salads or soups. Raw leaves, chewed indicated for inflammations of the mouth and tongue. Infusion of leaves may be used against insects.
Bellis perennis has astringent properties. Flowers are slightly laxative properties and to stimulate diuresis, detoxification.
Bellis perennis may be an excellent remedy for acne and abscese, throughout the body.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
In the past, boiled leaves of Bellis perennis were folosite in poultices for wounds and furunculi.
They say Bellis derived from Bellide, Greek mythology is a Ninfa, who was in love with Efigeo but Vertumno (guard spring) was jealous of their love ... Bellide so she decided to flee Vertumno and turned into flower, Bellis.
In Norse mythology is the goddess of spring.
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - The University of Michigan Press, 2004
Dr. JD Patil - Textbook of Applied Materia Medica - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Joseph M. Ditomaso - Weeds of California and Other Western States - Agriculture & Natural Resources. 2007
Subrata Kumar Banerji - Materia Medica Made Easy - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Glycine max - soybean
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Pelargonium australe - Muscat
Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.