Scientific name - Bellis perennis L.
Synonyms - Bellis hybrida Ten.
Popular names - bucks, Blidari, bumbuscute, roosters, Easter flower, beautiful grass, nasturasi, bellide dei Prati, margheritina, pratolina, bone flower, English Daisy, Masliepen, On-paperette, Tausendschon, Vellore.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet soils, from plain to 2000 m altitude. Originally from Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval receptacle conical, flat, tubular flowers, fertiles, Corola yellow lobes erect, very short tube, ligula white flowers (often with pink-red inside), fertile, 8 mm long. Blooms in March-September. Fruit achenes, lanceolata, 1-1.5 mm long, flattened, yellow-brown. 2n = 18
Tolerances - acidic or alkaline soils. Not tolerate drought.
Requirements - soil moist but not waterlogged, water, clay, humus rich, fertile in full sun or semi-shade.
Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. Division of rhizomes is inceputl spring or summer. Seeds sown in autumn in a greenhouse, cold spring germinate.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Cerastium sp., Lotus pedunculatus, Mentha pulegium, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus repens, Rumex conglomeratus, Trifolium dubium, Veronica serpyllifolia.
Cultivars and varieties & ndAsh, 'Brilliant' with dark red flowers. 'Carpet' with pink flowers, red or white, double, 2.5 cm diameter. 'Karlos' with dark red flowers. 'Miniature Double Button' with double flowers, white, red or pink. 'Robella' with pink flowers.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are edible, the leaves collected before flowering and can be used in salads or soups. Raw leaves, chewed indicated for inflammations of the mouth and tongue. Infusion of leaves may be used against insects.
Bellis perennis has astringent properties. Flowers are slightly laxative properties and to stimulate diuresis, detoxification.
Bellis perennis may be an excellent remedy for acne and abscese, throughout the body.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
In the past, boiled leaves of Bellis perennis were folosite in poultices for wounds and furunculi.
They say Bellis derived from Bellide, Greek mythology is a Ninfa, who was in love with Efigeo but Vertumno (guard spring) was jealous of their love ... Bellide so she decided to flee Vertumno and turned into flower, Bellis.
In Norse mythology is the goddess of spring.
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - The University of Michigan Press, 2004
Dr. JD Patil - Textbook of Applied Materia Medica - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Joseph M. Ditomaso - Weeds of California and Other Western States - Agriculture & Natural Resources. 2007
Subrata Kumar Banerji - Materia Medica Made Easy - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals