Scientific name - Bellis perennis L.
Synonyms - Bellis hybrida Ten.
Popular names - bucks, Blidari, bumbuscute, roosters, Easter flower, beautiful grass, nasturasi, bellide dei Prati, margheritina, pratolina, bone flower, English Daisy, Masliepen, On-paperette, Tausendschon, Vellore.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet soils, from plain to 2000 m altitude. Originally from Europe.
Description - herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval receptacle conical, flat, tubular flowers, fertiles, Corola yellow lobes erect, very short tube, ligula white flowers (often with pink-red inside), fertile, 8 mm long. Blooms in March-September. Fruit achenes, lanceolata, 1-1.5 mm long, flattened, yellow-brown. 2n = 18
Tolerances - acidic or alkaline soils. Not tolerate drought.
Requirements - soil moist but not waterlogged, water, clay, humus rich, fertile in full sun or semi-shade.
Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. Division of rhizomes is inceputl spring or summer. Seeds sown in autumn in a greenhouse, cold spring germinate.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Cerastium sp., Lotus pedunculatus, Mentha pulegium, Plantago lanceolata, Ranunculus repens, Rumex conglomeratus, Trifolium dubium, Veronica serpyllifolia.
Cultivars and varieties & ndAsh, 'Brilliant' with dark red flowers. 'Carpet' with pink flowers, red or white, double, 2.5 cm diameter. 'Karlos' with dark red flowers. 'Miniature Double Button' with double flowers, white, red or pink. 'Robella' with pink flowers.
Properties and Uses - The leaves are edible, the leaves collected before flowering and can be used in salads or soups. Raw leaves, chewed indicated for inflammations of the mouth and tongue. Infusion of leaves may be used against insects.
Bellis perennis has astringent properties. Flowers are slightly laxative properties and to stimulate diuresis, detoxification.
Bellis perennis may be an excellent remedy for acne and abscese, throughout the body.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
In the past, boiled leaves of Bellis perennis were folosite in poultices for wounds and furunculi.
They say Bellis derived from Bellide, Greek mythology is a Ninfa, who was in love with Efigeo but Vertumno (guard spring) was jealous of their love ... Bellide so she decided to flee Vertumno and turned into flower, Bellis.
In Norse mythology is the goddess of spring.
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Diana Beresford-Kroeger - A Garden for Life - The University of Michigan Press, 2004
Dr. JD Patil - Textbook of Applied Materia Medica - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Joseph M. Ditomaso - Weeds of California and Other Western States - Agriculture & Natural Resources. 2007
Subrata Kumar Banerji - Materia Medica Made Easy - B Jain Publishers PVT. LTD, 2008
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Portulaca grandiflora - annual species, succulent, native to Brazil. Can be used in parks and gardens as ornamental species for borders or pots on terraces species for sunny.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.