Scientific name - Berberis vulgaris L.
Popular names - Berberis vulgaris, barberry, Berberitze, Sauerdorn, Espino cambron, crespino, trespino, spino acid, uva della Madonna.
Distribution and Habitat - the heart of Scandinavia to southern Europe, grows in the plain to 2700 m altitude, on the rocks grows in thicket or forest edges. They prefer warm or temperate environments, and soils poor in nitrogenous substances. Is associated with Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgaris, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina and Rubus idaeus.
Description - monoecious shrub, spiny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserteded beam at ascela thorns. Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in raceme Pendente. 6 sepa decidue, round, 6 petals, obovata, entire, concave. Blooming in May-June. Fruit Baca, red-coral, ovoid-oblong, 2.5 seeds obovata-oblong, elliptic, dorsal side convex, dark brown. 2n = 28
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - drought.
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings, or grafting drajoni.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia graminis
Partners garden - Corylus avellana 'Fuscorubra' Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'.
Cultivars - 'atropurpurea'
Properties and Uses - leaves and roots contain alkaloids, berberine and oxiacantina.
Fruits rich in vitamins, remain on the branches in winter and are food for birds such as Fringillacoelebs, Turdus merula, Coccothraustes coccothraustes.
Fruits have therapeutic properties, tonic, astringent, antibacterial, febrifuge, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretics.
Autumn, mature fruit is harvested and used fresh, dried or marmalades and syrups.
Bark is most active principles, yellow bark on young branches and one of the roots.
Ornamental purposes, as solitary specimens, in groups, clipped hedges and free.
Curiosity - does not grow near agricultural land because it is host black rust.
Trees and shrubs
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.
Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
The new species of Chirita (Gesneriaceae) from Yunnan, China