30
Nov
2009
Berberis vulgaris
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Berberis vulgaris L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Berberis vulgaris, barberry, Berberitze, Sauerdorn, Espino cambron, crespino, trespino, spino acid, uva della Madonna.

Distribution and Habitat - the heart of Scandinavia to southern Europe, grows in the plain to 2700 m altitude, on the rocks grows in thicket or forest edges. They prefer warm or temperate environments, and soils poor in nitrogenous substances. Is associated with Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgaris, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina and Rubus idaeus.

Description - monoecious shrub, spiny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserteded beam at ascela thorns. Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in raceme Pendente. 6 sepa decidue, round, 6 petals, obovata, entire, concave. Blooming in May-June. Fruit Baca, red-coral, ovoid-oblong, 2.5 seeds obovata-oblong, elliptic, dorsal side convex, dark brown. 2n = 28

Growth rate - moderate to fast.

Tolerances - drought.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds, cuttings, or grafting drajoni.

Diseases and pests - Puccinia graminis

Partners garden - Corylus avellana 'Fuscorubra' Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'.

Cultivars - 'atropurpurea'

Properties and Uses - leaves and roots contain alkaloids, berberine and oxiacantina.

Fruits rich in vitamins, remain on the branches in winter and are food for birds such as Fringillacoelebs, Turdus merula, Coccothraustes coccothraustes.

Fruits have therapeutic properties, tonic, astringent, antibacterial, febrifuge, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretics.

Autumn, mature fruit is harvested and used fresh, dried or marmalades and syrups.

Bark is most active principles, yellow bark on young branches and one of the roots.

Ornamental purposes, as solitary specimens, in groups, clipped hedges and free.

Curiosity - does not grow near agricultural land because it is host black rust.

See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Ceiba pentandra

Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.

 
Edgeworth chrysantha

Genus Edgeworth is named in memory of botanist Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812-1881).

Edgeworth chrysantha deciduu is a shrub, of 1,8-2,4 m tall, native of China, Himalayas, naturalized in Chugoku. Foxy stalk. Leaves arranged alternate, short stalks or Sesi, language: lanceolata, acuminata top, edge entire, base cuneata; 8-20/3-5 cm.

 
Bonsai of Araucaria heterophylla

ARAUCARIA heterophylla is originally from Norfolk Island, Australia. Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Crown symmetrical, conical, branches located in verticil. Leaves evergreen, in verticil, piled, covering the stem. Male cones 3,5-7 cm long, oblong, female cones 10-13 cm long, ovoid.

 
Salix cinerea

Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.

 
Pinus radiata

Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.

 
Magnoliopsida
Sedum album

Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.

 
Pelargonium australe - Muscat

Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.

 
Gazania

Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.

 
Nepeta cataria

Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.

Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.

 
Madhuca longifolia Macb.

Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links