Scientific name - Berberis vulgaris L.
Popular names - Berberis vulgaris, barberry, Berberitze, Sauerdorn, Espino cambron, crespino, trespino, spino acid, uva della Madonna.
Distribution and Habitat - the heart of Scandinavia to southern Europe, grows in the plain to 2700 m altitude, on the rocks grows in thicket or forest edges. They prefer warm or temperate environments, and soils poor in nitrogenous substances. Is associated with Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgaris, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina and Rubus idaeus.
Description - monoecious shrub, spiny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserteded beam at ascela thorns. Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in raceme Pendente. 6 sepa decidue, round, 6 petals, obovata, entire, concave. Blooming in May-June. Fruit Baca, red-coral, ovoid-oblong, 2.5 seeds obovata-oblong, elliptic, dorsal side convex, dark brown. 2n = 28
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - drought.
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings, or grafting drajoni.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia graminis
Partners garden - Corylus avellana 'Fuscorubra' Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'.
Cultivars - 'atropurpurea'
Properties and Uses - leaves and roots contain alkaloids, berberine and oxiacantina.
Fruits rich in vitamins, remain on the branches in winter and are food for birds such as Fringillacoelebs, Turdus merula, Coccothraustes coccothraustes.
Fruits have therapeutic properties, tonic, astringent, antibacterial, febrifuge, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretics.
Autumn, mature fruit is harvested and used fresh, dried or marmalades and syrups.
Bark is most active principles, yellow bark on young branches and one of the roots.
Ornamental purposes, as solitary specimens, in groups, clipped hedges and free.
Curiosity - does not grow near agricultural land because it is host black rust.
Trees and shrubs
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.