30
Nov
2009
Berberis vulgaris
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Berberis vulgaris L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Berberis vulgaris, barberry, Berberitze, Sauerdorn, Espino cambron, crespino, trespino, spino acid, uva della Madonna.

Distribution and Habitat - the heart of Scandinavia to southern Europe, grows in the plain to 2700 m altitude, on the rocks grows in thicket or forest edges. They prefer warm or temperate environments, and soils poor in nitrogenous substances. Is associated with Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgaris, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina and Rubus idaeus.

Description - monoecious shrub, spiny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserteded beam at ascela thorns. Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in raceme Pendente. 6 sepa decidue, round, 6 petals, obovata, entire, concave. Blooming in May-June. Fruit Baca, red-coral, ovoid-oblong, 2.5 seeds obovata-oblong, elliptic, dorsal side convex, dark brown. 2n = 28

Growth rate - moderate to fast.

Tolerances - drought.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds, cuttings, or grafting drajoni.

Diseases and pests - Puccinia graminis

Partners garden - Corylus avellana 'Fuscorubra' Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'.

Cultivars - 'atropurpurea'

Properties and Uses - leaves and roots contain alkaloids, berberine and oxiacantina.

Fruits rich in vitamins, remain on the branches in winter and are food for birds such as Fringillacoelebs, Turdus merula, Coccothraustes coccothraustes.

Fruits have therapeutic properties, tonic, astringent, antibacterial, febrifuge, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretics.

Autumn, mature fruit is harvested and used fresh, dried or marmalades and syrups.

Bark is most active principles, yellow bark on young branches and one of the roots.

Ornamental purposes, as solitary specimens, in groups, clipped hedges and free.

Curiosity - does not grow near agricultural land because it is host black rust.

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