Scientific name - Berberis vulgaris L.
Popular names - Berberis vulgaris, barberry, Berberitze, Sauerdorn, Espino cambron, crespino, trespino, spino acid, uva della Madonna.
Distribution and Habitat - the heart of Scandinavia to southern Europe, grows in the plain to 2700 m altitude, on the rocks grows in thicket or forest edges. They prefer warm or temperate environments, and soils poor in nitrogenous substances. Is associated with Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgaris, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina and Rubus idaeus.
Description - monoecious shrub, spiny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserteded beam at ascela thorns. Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in raceme Pendente. 6 sepa decidue, round, 6 petals, obovata, entire, concave. Blooming in May-June. Fruit Baca, red-coral, ovoid-oblong, 2.5 seeds obovata-oblong, elliptic, dorsal side convex, dark brown. 2n = 28
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - drought.
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings, or grafting drajoni.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia graminis
Partners garden - Corylus avellana 'Fuscorubra' Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'.
Cultivars - 'atropurpurea'
Properties and Uses - leaves and roots contain alkaloids, berberine and oxiacantina.
Fruits rich in vitamins, remain on the branches in winter and are food for birds such as Fringillacoelebs, Turdus merula, Coccothraustes coccothraustes.
Fruits have therapeutic properties, tonic, astringent, antibacterial, febrifuge, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretics.
Autumn, mature fruit is harvested and used fresh, dried or marmalades and syrups.
Bark is most active principles, yellow bark on young branches and one of the roots.
Ornamental purposes, as solitary specimens, in groups, clipped hedges and free.
Curiosity - does not grow near agricultural land because it is host black rust.
Trees and shrubs
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.