Scientific name - Berberis vulgaris L.
Popular names - Berberis vulgaris, barberry, Berberitze, Sauerdorn, Espino cambron, crespino, trespino, spino acid, uva della Madonna.
Distribution and Habitat - the heart of Scandinavia to southern Europe, grows in the plain to 2700 m altitude, on the rocks grows in thicket or forest edges. They prefer warm or temperate environments, and soils poor in nitrogenous substances. Is associated with Cornus mas, Crataegus monogyna, Ligustrum vulgaris, Prunus spinosa, Rosa canina and Rubus idaeus.
Description - monoecious shrub, spiny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserteded beam at ascela thorns. Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in raceme Pendente. 6 sepa decidue, round, 6 petals, obovata, entire, concave. Blooming in May-June. Fruit Baca, red-coral, ovoid-oblong, 2.5 seeds obovata-oblong, elliptic, dorsal side convex, dark brown. 2n = 28
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - drought.
Propagation - by seeds, cuttings, or grafting drajoni.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia graminis
Partners garden - Corylus avellana 'Fuscorubra' Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'.
Cultivars - 'atropurpurea'
Properties and Uses - leaves and roots contain alkaloids, berberine and oxiacantina.
Fruits rich in vitamins, remain on the branches in winter and are food for birds such as Fringillacoelebs, Turdus merula, Coccothraustes coccothraustes.
Fruits have therapeutic properties, tonic, astringent, antibacterial, febrifuge, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretics.
Autumn, mature fruit is harvested and used fresh, dried or marmalades and syrups.
Bark is most active principles, yellow bark on young branches and one of the roots.
Ornamental purposes, as solitary specimens, in groups, clipped hedges and free.
Curiosity - does not grow near agricultural land because it is host black rust.
Trees and shrubs
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata
Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.
Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.