23
Mar
2009
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.

Synonyms - Bergen cordifolia, Saxifraga cordifolia.

Popular names - Siberian tea, Bergen, elephant-ears, borlevel.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on rocks soils, rocky slopes and pine forests at altitudes of 1100-1800 m originally from Central and East Asia, in Siberia, Russia, Mongolia and China.

Description - herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open. Flower bisexual, actinomorfa, dialipetala, pentamera, campanulata, 1.5 cm long, sepal era CTE, to triangular-obovata obovata, 3-4 x 2-4 mm, subsesila, glabra edges, top obtuse, dark purple, petals elliptical to narrow-ovata, 7-8 x 4-5 mm, top truncated. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsule trapezoidal, 1,4-1,7 x 0,5-0,6 mm, glabra, dark brown. 2n = 34.

Growth rate - incet.a

Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-20) ˚ C. Exhibitions tolerate sunny drought.

Requirements - prefer shows shaded, humus-rich soil.

Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. It is planted from October to March. The seeds are alike in soil hothouse, is to stratify 1-6 months (15) ˚ C. It may resemble and soon after maturing, late spring. The new plants are planted in permanent jobs after last danger of frost late.

Natural partners and Garden - Alchemilla mollis, Aucuba japonica, Campanula lactiflora, Heuchera, Phlox paniculata, Cimicifuga racemosa.

Properties and Uses - is regarded as antidiareica and antiseptic, leaves used in infusions. Ethanol extract of leaves of Bergen crassifolia has antioxidant properties.

References

Frances Tenenbaum - Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Viola x wittrockiana

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

 
Eryngium campestre - rostogol

Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.

 
Pimelea physodes

Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.

 
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot

From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.

Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.

Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.

 
Nicotiana alata

Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.

 
Magnoliopsida
Kigelia africana

Kigelia is a genus with a singke species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.

Sausage tree is a tree  whit a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.

 
Fuchsia

Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.

 
Viburnum tinus

Popular names: English - Laurestinus Viburnum, tinus Laurel, Tinus laurifolius, Italian - lentaggine, Lauro-tino, alloro-tino, laurentino.

Viburnum tinus is originally from southern Europe and the Mediterranean.

 
Impatiens balsamina

Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.

 
Menzies ferruginea Smith

Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links