23
Mar
2009
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.

Synonyms - Bergen cordifolia, Saxifraga cordifolia.

Popular names - Siberian tea, Bergen, elephant-ears, borlevel.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on rocks soils, rocky slopes and pine forests at altitudes of 1100-1800 m originally from Central and East Asia, in Siberia, Russia, Mongolia and China.

Description - herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open. Flower bisexual, actinomorfa, dialipetala, pentamera, campanulata, 1.5 cm long, sepal era CTE, to triangular-obovata obovata, 3-4 x 2-4 mm, subsesila, glabra edges, top obtuse, dark purple, petals elliptical to narrow-ovata, 7-8 x 4-5 mm, top truncated. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsule trapezoidal, 1,4-1,7 x 0,5-0,6 mm, glabra, dark brown. 2n = 34.

Growth rate - incet.a

Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-20) ˚ C. Exhibitions tolerate sunny drought.

Requirements - prefer shows shaded, humus-rich soil.

Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. It is planted from October to March. The seeds are alike in soil hothouse, is to stratify 1-6 months (15) ˚ C. It may resemble and soon after maturing, late spring. The new plants are planted in permanent jobs after last danger of frost late.

Natural partners and Garden - Alchemilla mollis, Aucuba japonica, Campanula lactiflora, Heuchera, Phlox paniculata, Cimicifuga racemosa.

Properties and Uses - is regarded as antidiareica and antiseptic, leaves used in infusions. Ethanol extract of leaves of Bergen crassifolia has antioxidant properties.

References

Frances Tenenbaum - Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Stachys Byzantine

Stachys Byzantine - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, grows on dry slopes at the edge of forests, up to 2000 m altitude.

 
Hyacinthus orientalis

Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.

 
Cleome spinosa - flower spider

Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.

 
Pontederia cordata L.

Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.

 
Echinacea purpurea

Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.

 
Magnoliopsida
Magnolia baillonii

Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.

 
Asclepias fruticosa

Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.

 
Schinus molle

Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.

 
Brachyscome multifida

Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.

 
African Sparmannia

African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links