Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.

Synonyms - Bergen cordifolia, Saxifraga cordifolia.

Popular names - Siberian tea, Bergen, elephant-ears, borlevel.

Distribution and Habitat - grows on rocks soils, rocky slopes and pine forests at altitudes of 1100-1800 m originally from Central and East Asia, in Siberia, Russia, Mongolia and China.

Description - herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open. Flower bisexual, actinomorfa, dialipetala, pentamera, campanulata, 1.5 cm long, sepal era CTE, to triangular-obovata obovata, 3-4 x 2-4 mm, subsesila, glabra edges, top obtuse, dark purple, petals elliptical to narrow-ovata, 7-8 x 4-5 mm, top truncated. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsule trapezoidal, 1,4-1,7 x 0,5-0,6 mm, glabra, dark brown. 2n = 34.

Growth rate - incet.a

Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-20) ˚ C. Exhibitions tolerate sunny drought.

Requirements - prefer shows shaded, humus-rich soil.

Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. It is planted from October to March. The seeds are alike in soil hothouse, is to stratify 1-6 months (15) ˚ C. It may resemble and soon after maturing, late spring. The new plants are planted in permanent jobs after last danger of frost late.

Natural partners and Garden - Alchemilla mollis, Aucuba japonica, Campanula lactiflora, Heuchera, Phlox paniculata, Cimicifuga racemosa.

Properties and Uses - is regarded as antidiareica and antiseptic, leaves used in infusions. Ethanol extract of leaves of Bergen crassifolia has antioxidant properties.


Frances Tenenbaum - Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007

See also
Gentiana lutea

Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.

Viola odorata - bluebells

Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.

Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

Nicotiana tabacum

Nicotiana tabacum - herbaceous annual, terofita. The product obtained is known cigarettes.

Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot

From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.

Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.

Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.

Petunia hybrida

Petunia hybrida - herbaceous, annual, used as an ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces. Hybrid species derived from Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris by Atkins in 1834.

Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.

Species that grows in forests in the dry season in areas open to marigini road, and plains. Grow to 850 m altitude. Originally from Puerto Rico, where it grows and Kallstroemia pubescens.

Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth

Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.

Nepenthes L.

Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.

Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard

Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.

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