Scientific name - Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Synonyms - Bergen cordifolia, Saxifraga cordifolia.
Popular names - Siberian tea, Bergen, elephant-ears, borlevel.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on rocks soils, rocky slopes and pine forests at altitudes of 1100-1800 m originally from Central and East Asia, in Siberia, Russia, Mongolia and China.
Description - herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open. Flower bisexual, actinomorfa, dialipetala, pentamera, campanulata, 1.5 cm long, sepal era CTE, to triangular-obovata obovata, 3-4 x 2-4 mm, subsesila, glabra edges, top obtuse, dark purple, petals elliptical to narrow-ovata, 7-8 x 4-5 mm, top truncated. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsule trapezoidal, 1,4-1,7 x 0,5-0,6 mm, glabra, dark brown. 2n = 34.
Growth rate - incet.a
Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-20) ˚ C. Exhibitions tolerate sunny drought.
Requirements - prefer shows shaded, humus-rich soil.
Propagation - by dividing rhizomes or seeds. It is planted from October to March. The seeds are alike in soil hothouse, is to stratify 1-6 months (15) ˚ C. It may resemble and soon after maturing, late spring. The new plants are planted in permanent jobs after last danger of frost late.
Properties and Uses - is regarded as antidiareica and antiseptic, leaves used in infusions. Ethanol extract of leaves of Bergen crassifolia has antioxidant properties.
Frances Tenenbaum - Shade Gardening - Houghton Mifflin, 1994
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Vit Bojnansky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.