Scientific Name - Betula alba
Popular names - mesteacan.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from northern Europe to eastern Asia, increases in association with petreae Quercus, Fagus sp. and Abies sp.
Description - tree 20 m tall, stem right, cylindrical, 40-60 cm diameter. Bark white, smooth, flaking in circular strips to form the trunk ritidom black, deeply cracked. Crown irregular, thin shoots, stems pendent, warty, glabra. Leaves rare diamond-ovate, 3-7 x 3-4 cm, top acuminata, base cunea or cropped, double-side evenings, stems 2-3 cm pendulum. Unisexuat Flowers monoecious, clustered in Amenti, the men formed fall 2-3 to the top of the shoots, female flowers appear in spring, in the form of elongated cones. Blooms in April-May, anemofila pollination.
Rate of growth - and growing rapidlyin youth.
Tolerance - do not tolerate shading and dry atmosphere. Resistant to cold and air pollution.
Requirements - Reaven soils in sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds, in September, immediately after harvest. Spread seeds on the soil surface and then cover it with leaves.
Cultivars - elegans'''- thin branches, recurbate from the base, pendula stems, small leaves.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, crown shape and color through decorative bark, in parks and gardens.
Yellowish white wood without heartwood, light, elastic, soft.
The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Trees and shrubs
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.