Scientific Name - Betula alba
Popular names - mesteacan.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from northern Europe to eastern Asia, increases in association with petreae Quercus, Fagus sp. and Abies sp.
Description - tree 20 m tall, stem right, cylindrical, 40-60 cm diameter. Bark white, smooth, flaking in circular strips to form the trunk ritidom black, deeply cracked. Crown irregular, thin shoots, stems pendent, warty, glabra. Leaves rare diamond-ovate, 3-7 x 3-4 cm, top acuminata, base cunea or cropped, double-side evenings, stems 2-3 cm pendulum. Unisexuat Flowers monoecious, clustered in Amenti, the men formed fall 2-3 to the top of the shoots, female flowers appear in spring, in the form of elongated cones. Blooms in April-May, anemofila pollination.
Rate of growth - and growing rapidlyin youth.
Tolerance - do not tolerate shading and dry atmosphere. Resistant to cold and air pollution.
Requirements - Reaven soils in sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds, in September, immediately after harvest. Spread seeds on the soil surface and then cover it with leaves.
Cultivars - elegans'''- thin branches, recurbate from the base, pendula stems, small leaves.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, crown shape and color through decorative bark, in parks and gardens.
Yellowish white wood without heartwood, light, elastic, soft.
The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Trees and shrubs
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.