Scientific Name - Betula alba
Popular names - mesteacan.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from northern Europe to eastern Asia, increases in association with petreae Quercus, Fagus sp. and Abies sp.
Description - tree 20 m tall, stem right, cylindrical, 40-60 cm diameter. Bark white, smooth, flaking in circular strips to form the trunk ritidom black, deeply cracked. Crown irregular, thin shoots, stems pendent, warty, glabra. Leaves rare diamond-ovate, 3-7 x 3-4 cm, top acuminata, base cunea or cropped, double-side evenings, stems 2-3 cm pendulum. Unisexuat Flowers monoecious, clustered in Amenti, the men formed fall 2-3 to the top of the shoots, female flowers appear in spring, in the form of elongated cones. Blooms in April-May, anemofila pollination.
Rate of growth - and growing rapidlyin youth.
Tolerance - do not tolerate shading and dry atmosphere. Resistant to cold and air pollution.
Requirements - Reaven soils in sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds, in September, immediately after harvest. Spread seeds on the soil surface and then cover it with leaves.
Cultivars - elegans'''- thin branches, recurbate from the base, pendula stems, small leaves.
Properties and Uses - ornamental species, crown shape and color through decorative bark, in parks and gardens.
Yellowish white wood without heartwood, light, elastic, soft.
The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Trees and shrubs
Genus belongs to the Malvaceae, tribe Malvavisceae, which is characterized by a number of corporate sites is double that of carpelelor.
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.