Scientific Name – Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb.
Synonim – Limodorum striatum Thunb., Epidendrum tuberosum Lour., Cymbidium hycanthinum J. E. Smith, Bletia byacinthina R. Br.
Common name(s) – shi-ran, pai chi, bai-ji, hardy orchid, hyacinth bletilla.
Distribution and Habitat – native to south Japan and China. Grow on grassy slopes and in the margins of woods and thickets, 1100 up to 3200 m.
Description – stem erect, irregular-ovoid pseudobulb. Leaves 4-5, oblong-lanceolate, 8-29 x 1.5-4 cm, acuminate at apex. Inflorecence terminal, 3-8 flowered; bracts caduceus; flowers 5-5.5 cm across, rose-pink or sometimes white; lip marked with white, yellow and purplish-pink; sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, 2.8-3 cm x 7-8 mm; lip subovate, 2.3-2.8 x 2.2 cm, 3-lobed; side-lobes erect; mid-lobe sub-obovate, slightly emarginated at apex, strongly undulate on the margin. Flowering period April-June.
Growth rate –
Tolerances – tolerate alkaline soils.
Requirements – prefer acid to neutral, fertile, moist, well-drained soils; full sun, afternoon shade.
Management – after flowering, the plants are fertilized with a balanced fertilizer monthly.
Propagation – by division of pseudobulbs, in early spring. Enrich the bed if needed of organic material; after a good soaking, the bed is ready for its new transplants. Mulch with pine needles.
Pest and Diseases – Slugs and snails can damage new growth emerging in spring.
Garden Partners – Corydalis sp., Heuchera sp., Polygonatum sp., Primula sp.
Cultivars – ‘Alba’ has white flowers.
‘Albostriata’ leaves with white margin.
‘First Kiss’ with white flowers and leaves with white margin.
Properties and Uses – rhizome is produced chiefly in southern and southwestern China, collected in summer and autumn. Functions : reduces swelling, and promotes the regeneration of tissue.
Hanne N. Rasmussen – Terrestrial Orchids from Seed to Mycotrophic Plant – Cambridge University Press, 1995
Marie Harrison – Groundcovers for the South – Pineapple Press, 2006
Sinqchi Chen, Zhanhuo Tsi, Yibo Luo – Native Orchids of China in Colour – Elsevier Science, 2007
Steven Foster, Yue Chonqxi – Herbal Emissaries – Healing Arts Press, 1992
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.
Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.
Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide, green-yellow bractei
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.