11
Jan
2010
Bletilla striata
Flowers | Liliopsida
4
0

Scientific Name – Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb.

Synonim – Limodorum striatum Thunb., Epidendrum tuberosum Lour., Cymbidium hycanthinum J. E. Smith, Bletia byacinthina R. Br.

Common name(s) – shi-ran, pai chi, bai-ji, hardy orchid, hyacinth bletilla.

Distribution and Habitat – native to south Japan and China. Grow on grassy slopes and in the margins of woods and thickets, 1100 up to 3200 m.

Description – stem erect, irregular-ovoid pseudobulb. Leaves 4-5, oblong-lanceolate, 8-29 x 1.5-4 cm, acuminate at apex. Inflorecence terminal, 3-8 flowered; bracts caduceus; flowers 5-5.5 cm across, rose-pink or sometimes white; lip marked with white, yellow and purplish-pink; sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, 2.8-3 cm x 7-8 mm; lip subovate, 2.3-2.8 x 2.2 cm, 3-lobed; side-lobes erect; mid-lobe sub-obovate, slightly emarginated at apex, strongly undulate on the margin. Flowering period April-June.

Growth rate

Tolerances – tolerate alkaline soils.

Requirements – prefer acid to neutral, fertile, moist, well-drained soils; full sun, afternoon shade.

Management – after flowering, the plants are fertilized with a balanced fertilizer monthly.

Propagation – by division of pseudobulbs, in early spring. Enrich the bed if needed of organic material; after a good soaking, the bed is ready for its new transplants. Mulch with pine needles.

Pest and Diseases – Slugs and snails can damage new growth emerging in spring.

Garden Partners – Corydalis sp., Heuchera sp., Polygonatum sp., Primula sp.

Cultivars – ‘Alba’ has white flowers.

‘Albostriata’ leaves with white margin.

‘First Kiss’ with white flowers and leaves with white margin.

Properties and Uses – rhizome is produced chiefly in southern and southwestern China, collected in summer and autumn. Functions : reduces swelling, and promotes the regeneration of tissue.

Curiosity

Bibliography

Hanne N. Rasmussen – Terrestrial Orchids from Seed to Mycotrophic Plant – Cambridge University Press, 1995

Marie Harrison – Groundcovers for the South – Pineapple Press, 2006

Sinqchi Chen, Zhanhuo Tsi, Yibo Luo – Native Orchids of China in Colour – Elsevier Science, 2007

Steven Foster, Yue Chonqxi – Herbal Emissaries – Healing Arts Press, 1992

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Aster amellus

Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.

 
Bellis perennis L. - bucks

Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval

 
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth

Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.

 
Cymbidium

Genus Cymbidium originates from tropical Asia and Australia, comprises about 50-60 species of terrestrial orchids, but are growing on the ground and rocks, and the trees.

The name derives from 'kymbos'-boat, be for the label.

 
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger

Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.

 
Liliopsida
Scindapsus

Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.

 
Galanthus elwesii

Galanthus elwesii - bulbous species, native to Asia Minor, was discovered in western Turkey, in 1874, by HJ Elwes.

 
Eichhorn crassipes

Popular names: Water Hyacinth.

Genus Eichhorn contains 8 species, the most common is E. crassipes. It is easily confused with E. Azure, a difference between them is the language which in E. Azurea is cuneata and the E. crassipes is truncata or heart failure.

 
Paraensis Alstroemeria sp. November.

Alstroemeria paraensis - herbaceous perennial, 1-1,4 m high, stem cylindrical, 0,4-0,8 mm diameter, glabra. Leaves stripped vegetation are 12-18 x 2,5-6 cm, elliptic, top acuminata, the attenuated both sides glabra, prominent ribs

 
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic

Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links