Scientific Name – Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb.
Synonim – Limodorum striatum Thunb., Epidendrum tuberosum Lour., Cymbidium hycanthinum J. E. Smith, Bletia byacinthina R. Br.
Common name(s) – shi-ran, pai chi, bai-ji, hardy orchid, hyacinth bletilla.
Distribution and Habitat – native to south Japan and China. Grow on grassy slopes and in the margins of woods and thickets, 1100 up to 3200 m.
Description – stem erect, irregular-ovoid pseudobulb. Leaves 4-5, oblong-lanceolate, 8-29 x 1.5-4 cm, acuminate at apex. Inflorecence terminal, 3-8 flowered; bracts caduceus; flowers 5-5.5 cm across, rose-pink or sometimes white; lip marked with white, yellow and purplish-pink; sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, 2.8-3 cm x 7-8 mm; lip subovate, 2.3-2.8 x 2.2 cm, 3-lobed; side-lobes erect; mid-lobe sub-obovate, slightly emarginated at apex, strongly undulate on the margin. Flowering period April-June.
Growth rate –
Tolerances – tolerate alkaline soils.
Requirements – prefer acid to neutral, fertile, moist, well-drained soils; full sun, afternoon shade.
Management – after flowering, the plants are fertilized with a balanced fertilizer monthly.
Propagation – by division of pseudobulbs, in early spring. Enrich the bed if needed of organic material; after a good soaking, the bed is ready for its new transplants. Mulch with pine needles.
Pest and Diseases – Slugs and snails can damage new growth emerging in spring.
Garden Partners – Corydalis sp., Heuchera sp., Polygonatum sp., Primula sp.
Cultivars – ‘Alba’ has white flowers.
‘Albostriata’ leaves with white margin.
‘First Kiss’ with white flowers and leaves with white margin.
Properties and Uses – rhizome is produced chiefly in southern and southwestern China, collected in summer and autumn. Functions : reduces swelling, and promotes the regeneration of tissue.
Hanne N. Rasmussen – Terrestrial Orchids from Seed to Mycotrophic Plant – Cambridge University Press, 1995
Marie Harrison – Groundcovers for the South – Pineapple Press, 2006
Sinqchi Chen, Zhanhuo Tsi, Yibo Luo – Native Orchids of China in Colour – Elsevier Science, 2007
Steven Foster, Yue Chonqxi – Herbal Emissaries – Healing Arts Press, 1992
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Areca catechu L.
Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.
Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.
Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.
Four new species of Maranta L. Marantaceae in Brazil