Scientific Name – Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb.
Synonim – Limodorum striatum Thunb., Epidendrum tuberosum Lour., Cymbidium hycanthinum J. E. Smith, Bletia byacinthina R. Br.
Common name(s) – shi-ran, pai chi, bai-ji, hardy orchid, hyacinth bletilla.
Distribution and Habitat – native to south Japan and China. Grow on grassy slopes and in the margins of woods and thickets, 1100 up to 3200 m.
Description – stem erect, irregular-ovoid pseudobulb. Leaves 4-5, oblong-lanceolate, 8-29 x 1.5-4 cm, acuminate at apex. Inflorecence terminal, 3-8 flowered; bracts caduceus; flowers 5-5.5 cm across, rose-pink or sometimes white; lip marked with white, yellow and purplish-pink; sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, 2.8-3 cm x 7-8 mm; lip subovate, 2.3-2.8 x 2.2 cm, 3-lobed; side-lobes erect; mid-lobe sub-obovate, slightly emarginated at apex, strongly undulate on the margin. Flowering period April-June.
Growth rate –
Tolerances – tolerate alkaline soils.
Requirements – prefer acid to neutral, fertile, moist, well-drained soils; full sun, afternoon shade.
Management – after flowering, the plants are fertilized with a balanced fertilizer monthly.
Propagation – by division of pseudobulbs, in early spring. Enrich the bed if needed of organic material; after a good soaking, the bed is ready for its new transplants. Mulch with pine needles.
Pest and Diseases – Slugs and snails can damage new growth emerging in spring.
Garden Partners – Corydalis sp., Heuchera sp., Polygonatum sp., Primula sp.
Cultivars – ‘Alba’ has white flowers.
‘Albostriata’ leaves with white margin.
‘First Kiss’ with white flowers and leaves with white margin.
Properties and Uses – rhizome is produced chiefly in southern and southwestern China, collected in summer and autumn. Functions : reduces swelling, and promotes the regeneration of tissue.
Hanne N. Rasmussen – Terrestrial Orchids from Seed to Mycotrophic Plant – Cambridge University Press, 1995
Marie Harrison – Groundcovers for the South – Pineapple Press, 2006
Sinqchi Chen, Zhanhuo Tsi, Yibo Luo – Native Orchids of China in Colour – Elsevier Science, 2007
Steven Foster, Yue Chonqxi – Herbal Emissaries – Healing Arts Press, 1992
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic Brullo, Mitic and Salmeri sp.nov. in Croatia
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots