Scientific Name – Bletilla striata (Thunb. ex A. Murray) Rchb.
Synonim – Limodorum striatum Thunb., Epidendrum tuberosum Lour., Cymbidium hycanthinum J. E. Smith, Bletia byacinthina R. Br.
Common name(s) – shi-ran, pai chi, bai-ji, hardy orchid, hyacinth bletilla.
Distribution and Habitat – native to south Japan and China. Grow on grassy slopes and in the margins of woods and thickets, 1100 up to 3200 m.
Description – stem erect, irregular-ovoid pseudobulb. Leaves 4-5, oblong-lanceolate, 8-29 x 1.5-4 cm, acuminate at apex. Inflorecence terminal, 3-8 flowered; bracts caduceus; flowers 5-5.5 cm across, rose-pink or sometimes white; lip marked with white, yellow and purplish-pink; sepals and petals oblong-lanceolate, 2.8-3 cm x 7-8 mm; lip subovate, 2.3-2.8 x 2.2 cm, 3-lobed; side-lobes erect; mid-lobe sub-obovate, slightly emarginated at apex, strongly undulate on the margin. Flowering period April-June.
Growth rate –
Tolerances – tolerate alkaline soils.
Requirements – prefer acid to neutral, fertile, moist, well-drained soils; full sun, afternoon shade.
Management – after flowering, the plants are fertilized with a balanced fertilizer monthly.
Propagation – by division of pseudobulbs, in early spring. Enrich the bed if needed of organic material; after a good soaking, the bed is ready for its new transplants. Mulch with pine needles.
Pest and Diseases – Slugs and snails can damage new growth emerging in spring.
Garden Partners – Corydalis sp., Heuchera sp., Polygonatum sp., Primula sp.
Cultivars – ‘Alba’ has white flowers.
‘Albostriata’ leaves with white margin.
‘First Kiss’ with white flowers and leaves with white margin.
Properties and Uses – rhizome is produced chiefly in southern and southwestern China, collected in summer and autumn. Functions : reduces swelling, and promotes the regeneration of tissue.
Hanne N. Rasmussen – Terrestrial Orchids from Seed to Mycotrophic Plant – Cambridge University Press, 1995
Marie Harrison – Groundcovers for the South – Pineapple Press, 2006
Sinqchi Chen, Zhanhuo Tsi, Yibo Luo – Native Orchids of China in Colour – Elsevier Science, 2007
Steven Foster, Yue Chonqxi – Herbal Emissaries – Healing Arts Press, 1992
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.