Mid spring, prepare seedlings of 10 cm, let it dry in the sun for 3 days, then planting a mixture of peat and sand 1:1, without watering. After several days, moisten slightly. When roots appear abundantly moisten but not soak the soil with water.
It needs bright places, even in direct sun, if summer is held outside then placed in semi-shade position. Temperature should be constant, winter minimum temperature should be 10 ° C. It supports air currents. Yellow leaves are cut.
Adapters is at 2 years, primavra, cut 1 / 3 of root length and placed in a container larger than before. The vessel must be of medium deep, the substrate, a mixture of ¼ of forest land, mranita ¼, ¼ land garden river sand ¼.
The peaks Ciupe branches after they have reached the desired size. Cut the leaves on old branches. Trimming branches geu correct form of bonsai is April to October. Copper wire which helps entry form, not more than 6 weeks left, bark protect themselves with raffia.
The moderately wet winter soil is kept dry. Can stay and 15 days neudat. Leaves sprayed every day. Fertilizer is taken once a month from May to September.
If the package is formed mecegai a wet, it is advisable to avoid the excesses of moisture, and administered nitrate fertilizer and potassium.
If yellow spots appear on leaves and on the underside of a white cloth, followed by fall leaves, is indicated cutting and destruction of diseased leaves, use of fungicides based on copper and avoid excess moisture in the substrate.
Types of Bonsai
Bonsai is a miniature tree grown in pot.
Pinus mugo bonsai
Pinus mugo seeds for propagation by strobili gather in December, are preserved in a cold and shady. The half of April to stratify the pregerminare, germination takes place after two months.
Propagation by cuttings is little used because it needs very long time.
Bonsai Bambusa ventricosa and Bambusa multiplex
It can multiply by dividing rhizomes. Choose knotty rhizomes close horizontal. The leaves of a bud and two years full radacilnile after a anmugurele be eliminated if others appeared in November. Spring planting, before the appearance of new buds in deep pots with soil moisture.
They need plenty of light and hot-wet environments all year, the temperature does not fall below 19 ° C.
Bonsai of Spiraea
Propagation by seeds is spring under glass.
Propagation by cuttings. Cuttings are taken in early summer, and are planted in a mixture of sand and peat. It is sprayed regularly and keep in the shade.