05
May
2009
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Green Pharmacy | Vegetables | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Brassica nigra Koek.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Bai Jie days, black mustard, hakugaishi, Kalor, Kalen-Sasami, moutarde noire, Mostaza negra, black mustard, paekkaecha, sarshapah, Scwarzer Senf, senape nera.

Distribution and Habitat - original from Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds, the mustard is made.

Description - herbaceous annual. Stem 75 cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabra, glauca, often pubescent-based hirsuta. Leaves alternate, petiolate, petiole wing, 2 cm long, wings 1-2 mm wide, basal leaves are lirat-penatifide, 15 x 5-6 cm, glabra, glauca, leaves or stems are ribbed Sesi, oblong-obovata, penatifide or Needle, glauca lower face, dark green on the upper face, 6 x 1-2 cm, leaveshigher are small, lanceolata, whole. The leaves of this species are not amplexicaule (not around the leaf stem) as in other species of brassicas. Blossom Raceme terminal, pedicel 2-4 mm long. 4 sepa 4.5 cm long, glabra, Revol edges. Corola with 4 petals, glabra, 3 x 3 mm petal. Stamens 6, erect. Anther yellow, 1.5 mm long. Ovary green, 3 mm long, glabru. Style 1.3 mm long, persistent. Blooms in April-September. Fruit silicva, 4.5 cm long. Seeds brown.

Requirements - well drained soil, rich with exhibits sunny.

Propagation - by seeds.

Properties and Uses - mustard seeds are used for preparation. Using mature seeds, leaves and oil extracted from seeds.

Animal serves as disinfectant and stimulates appetite.

Inflorescences are collected in June, before it fully opens. A teaspoon of floweringScent from a cup of water is an infusion, allow 5-8 minutes then strain, 3 cups per day.

Cataplasmele with Brassica nigra not hold more than 10 minutes, did not apply around the eyes or sensitive locations.

Naturalists have recommended this herb to treat digestive problems, and external blood circulation. English naturalist John Parkinson has suggested that this plant to be used in treatments epileptic attacks, and Nicholas Culpeper consider the seeds Excellent for toothache.

Black mustard preparations are not recommended for children.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - The ancient Greeks have rated this plant for its medicinal properties. The leaves are used for salads. Later Romans seeds mixed with wine and made an old version of table mustard. XVII th century, France became the largest source for table mustard.

Indians use the sameyour plant to treat headaches and tooth.

In Russia continue using mustard patch for pain, congestion, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hypertension, arthritis and headaches.

References

Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998

Juliette of Bairacli Levy - The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable - Faber & Faber, 1991

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001

RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing

Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes

 
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

 
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear

Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks

 
Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.

 
Prunus laurocerasus L.

Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.

 
Vegetables
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

 
Magnoliopsida
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor

Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.

 
Quillaja saponaria

Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.

 
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Skimmi japonica

Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite

 
Buxus sempervirens

Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links