05
May
2009
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Green Pharmacy | Vegetables | Magnoliopsida
0
0

Scientific name - Brassica nigra Koek.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Bai Jie days, black mustard, hakugaishi, Kalor, Kalen-Sasami, moutarde noire, Mostaza negra, black mustard, paekkaecha, sarshapah, Scwarzer Senf, senape nera.

Distribution and Habitat - original from Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds, the mustard is made.

Description - herbaceous annual. Stem 75 cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabra, glauca, often pubescent-based hirsuta. Leaves alternate, petiolate, petiole wing, 2 cm long, wings 1-2 mm wide, basal leaves are lirat-penatifide, 15 x 5-6 cm, glabra, glauca, leaves or stems are ribbed Sesi, oblong-obovata, penatifide or Needle, glauca lower face, dark green on the upper face, 6 x 1-2 cm, leaveshigher are small, lanceolata, whole. The leaves of this species are not amplexicaule (not around the leaf stem) as in other species of brassicas. Blossom Raceme terminal, pedicel 2-4 mm long. 4 sepa 4.5 cm long, glabra, Revol edges. Corola with 4 petals, glabra, 3 x 3 mm petal. Stamens 6, erect. Anther yellow, 1.5 mm long. Ovary green, 3 mm long, glabru. Style 1.3 mm long, persistent. Blooms in April-September. Fruit silicva, 4.5 cm long. Seeds brown.

Requirements - well drained soil, rich with exhibits sunny.

Propagation - by seeds.

Properties and Uses - mustard seeds are used for preparation. Using mature seeds, leaves and oil extracted from seeds.

Animal serves as disinfectant and stimulates appetite.

Inflorescences are collected in June, before it fully opens. A teaspoon of floweringScent from a cup of water is an infusion, allow 5-8 minutes then strain, 3 cups per day.

Cataplasmele with Brassica nigra not hold more than 10 minutes, did not apply around the eyes or sensitive locations.

Naturalists have recommended this herb to treat digestive problems, and external blood circulation. English naturalist John Parkinson has suggested that this plant to be used in treatments epileptic attacks, and Nicholas Culpeper consider the seeds Excellent for toothache.

Black mustard preparations are not recommended for children.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - The ancient Greeks have rated this plant for its medicinal properties. The leaves are used for salads. Later Romans seeds mixed with wine and made an old version of table mustard. XVII th century, France became the largest source for table mustard.

Indians use the sameyour plant to treat headaches and tooth.

In Russia continue using mustard patch for pain, congestion, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hypertension, arthritis and headaches.

References

Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998

Juliette of Bairacli Levy - The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable - Faber & Faber, 1991

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001

RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.

 
Calophyllum inophyllum

Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.

 
Bellis perennis L. - bucks

Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval

 
Paeonia lactiflora

Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks

 
Hamamelis virginiana

Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.

Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.

 
Vegetables
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Magnoliopsida
Antennaria dioica

Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).

 
Gentiana Crusader

Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.

 
Silene diclinis

Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.

 
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder

Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.

 
Syringa vulgaris L.

Syringa vulgaris is a native of the mountainous regions of south-eastern Europe.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links