Scientific name - Brassica nigra Koek.
Popular names - Bai Jie days, black mustard, hakugaishi, Kalor, Kalen-Sasami, moutarde noire, Mostaza negra, black mustard, paekkaecha, sarshapah, Scwarzer Senf, senape nera.
Distribution and Habitat - original from Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds, the mustard is made.
Description - herbaceous annual. Stem 75 cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabra, glauca, often pubescent-based hirsuta. Leaves alternate, petiolate, petiole wing, 2 cm long, wings 1-2 mm wide, basal leaves are lirat-penatifide, 15 x 5-6 cm, glabra, glauca, leaves or stems are ribbed Sesi, oblong-obovata, penatifide or Needle, glauca lower face, dark green on the upper face, 6 x 1-2 cm, leaveshigher are small, lanceolata, whole. The leaves of this species are not amplexicaule (not around the leaf stem) as in other species of brassicas. Blossom Raceme terminal, pedicel 2-4 mm long. 4 sepa 4.5 cm long, glabra, Revol edges. Corola with 4 petals, glabra, 3 x 3 mm petal. Stamens 6, erect. Anther yellow, 1.5 mm long. Ovary green, 3 mm long, glabru. Style 1.3 mm long, persistent. Blooms in April-September. Fruit silicva, 4.5 cm long. Seeds brown.
Requirements - well drained soil, rich with exhibits sunny.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - mustard seeds are used for preparation. Using mature seeds, leaves and oil extracted from seeds.
Animal serves as disinfectant and stimulates appetite.
Inflorescences are collected in June, before it fully opens. A teaspoon of floweringScent from a cup of water is an infusion, allow 5-8 minutes then strain, 3 cups per day.
Cataplasmele with Brassica nigra not hold more than 10 minutes, did not apply around the eyes or sensitive locations.
Naturalists have recommended this herb to treat digestive problems, and external blood circulation. English naturalist John Parkinson has suggested that this plant to be used in treatments epileptic attacks, and Nicholas Culpeper consider the seeds Excellent for toothache.
Black mustard preparations are not recommended for children.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - The ancient Greeks have rated this plant for its medicinal properties. The leaves are used for salads. Later Romans seeds mixed with wine and made an old version of table mustard. XVII th century, France became the largest source for table mustard.
Indians use the sameyour plant to treat headaches and tooth.
In Russia continue using mustard patch for pain, congestion, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hypertension, arthritis and headaches.
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
Juliette of Bairacli Levy - The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable - Faber & Faber, 1991
LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944
Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001
RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Glycine max - soybean
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey