05
May
2009
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Green Pharmacy | Vegetables | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Brassica nigra Koek.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Bai Jie days, black mustard, hakugaishi, Kalor, Kalen-Sasami, moutarde noire, Mostaza negra, black mustard, paekkaecha, sarshapah, Scwarzer Senf, senape nera.

Distribution and Habitat - original from Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds, the mustard is made.

Description - herbaceous annual. Stem 75 cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabra, glauca, often pubescent-based hirsuta. Leaves alternate, petiolate, petiole wing, 2 cm long, wings 1-2 mm wide, basal leaves are lirat-penatifide, 15 x 5-6 cm, glabra, glauca, leaves or stems are ribbed Sesi, oblong-obovata, penatifide or Needle, glauca lower face, dark green on the upper face, 6 x 1-2 cm, leaveshigher are small, lanceolata, whole. The leaves of this species are not amplexicaule (not around the leaf stem) as in other species of brassicas. Blossom Raceme terminal, pedicel 2-4 mm long. 4 sepa 4.5 cm long, glabra, Revol edges. Corola with 4 petals, glabra, 3 x 3 mm petal. Stamens 6, erect. Anther yellow, 1.5 mm long. Ovary green, 3 mm long, glabru. Style 1.3 mm long, persistent. Blooms in April-September. Fruit silicva, 4.5 cm long. Seeds brown.

Requirements - well drained soil, rich with exhibits sunny.

Propagation - by seeds.

Properties and Uses - mustard seeds are used for preparation. Using mature seeds, leaves and oil extracted from seeds.

Animal serves as disinfectant and stimulates appetite.

Inflorescences are collected in June, before it fully opens. A teaspoon of floweringScent from a cup of water is an infusion, allow 5-8 minutes then strain, 3 cups per day.

Cataplasmele with Brassica nigra not hold more than 10 minutes, did not apply around the eyes or sensitive locations.

Naturalists have recommended this herb to treat digestive problems, and external blood circulation. English naturalist John Parkinson has suggested that this plant to be used in treatments epileptic attacks, and Nicholas Culpeper consider the seeds Excellent for toothache.

Black mustard preparations are not recommended for children.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - The ancient Greeks have rated this plant for its medicinal properties. The leaves are used for salads. Later Romans seeds mixed with wine and made an old version of table mustard. XVII th century, France became the largest source for table mustard.

Indians use the sameyour plant to treat headaches and tooth.

In Russia continue using mustard patch for pain, congestion, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hypertension, arthritis and headaches.

References

Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998

Juliette of Bairacli Levy - The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable - Faber & Faber, 1991

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001

RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa

Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).

 
Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear

 
Quillaja saponaria

Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.

 
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita

Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.

 
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit

Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.

 
Vegetables
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

 
Magnoliopsida
Firmiana simplex

Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).

Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.

 
Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear

 
Sedum acre

Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.

 
Scrophularia nodosa

Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.

 
Maclura tricuspidata

Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links