05
May
2009
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Green Pharmacy | Vegetables | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Brassica nigra Koek.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Bai Jie days, black mustard, hakugaishi, Kalor, Kalen-Sasami, moutarde noire, Mostaza negra, black mustard, paekkaecha, sarshapah, Scwarzer Senf, senape nera.

Distribution and Habitat - original from Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds, the mustard is made.

Description - herbaceous annual. Stem 75 cm tall, erect, herbaceous, glabra, glauca, often pubescent-based hirsuta. Leaves alternate, petiolate, petiole wing, 2 cm long, wings 1-2 mm wide, basal leaves are lirat-penatifide, 15 x 5-6 cm, glabra, glauca, leaves or stems are ribbed Sesi, oblong-obovata, penatifide or Needle, glauca lower face, dark green on the upper face, 6 x 1-2 cm, leaveshigher are small, lanceolata, whole. The leaves of this species are not amplexicaule (not around the leaf stem) as in other species of brassicas. Blossom Raceme terminal, pedicel 2-4 mm long. 4 sepa 4.5 cm long, glabra, Revol edges. Corola with 4 petals, glabra, 3 x 3 mm petal. Stamens 6, erect. Anther yellow, 1.5 mm long. Ovary green, 3 mm long, glabru. Style 1.3 mm long, persistent. Blooms in April-September. Fruit silicva, 4.5 cm long. Seeds brown.

Requirements - well drained soil, rich with exhibits sunny.

Propagation - by seeds.

Properties and Uses - mustard seeds are used for preparation. Using mature seeds, leaves and oil extracted from seeds.

Animal serves as disinfectant and stimulates appetite.

Inflorescences are collected in June, before it fully opens. A teaspoon of floweringScent from a cup of water is an infusion, allow 5-8 minutes then strain, 3 cups per day.

Cataplasmele with Brassica nigra not hold more than 10 minutes, did not apply around the eyes or sensitive locations.

Naturalists have recommended this herb to treat digestive problems, and external blood circulation. English naturalist John Parkinson has suggested that this plant to be used in treatments epileptic attacks, and Nicholas Culpeper consider the seeds Excellent for toothache.

Black mustard preparations are not recommended for children.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - The ancient Greeks have rated this plant for its medicinal properties. The leaves are used for salads. Later Romans seeds mixed with wine and made an old version of table mustard. XVII th century, France became the largest source for table mustard.

Indians use the sameyour plant to treat headaches and tooth.

In Russia continue using mustard patch for pain, congestion, pneumonia, tuberculosis, hypertension, arthritis and headaches.

References

Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998

Juliette of Bairacli Levy - The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable - Faber & Faber, 1991

LeRoy Abrams - Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States - Stanford University Press, 1944

Martha Libster - Delmar's Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses - Cengage Delmar Learning, 2001

RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Petasites hybridus - big skid

Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.

 
Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.

 
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.

 
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit

Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.

 
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear

Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks

 
Vegetables
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

 
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Magnoliopsida
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria

Wisteria sinensis - is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.

Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.

 
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica

Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.

 
The new species of Chirita (Gesneriaceae) from Yunnan, China

Genus Chirita (Gesneriaceae) comprises 110 species distributed in southern China and Vietnam.

In 2004, one of the authors (HJ) found a species of Chirita while working or on the field of tropical forest in southern Yunnan province.

 
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus

Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.

 
Solanum lycopersicum

Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links