Scientific name - Buphthalmum salicifolium L.
Synonyms - Buphthalmum flexile Bertol, Telekia speciosa.
Popular names - asteroide salicina, willowleaf oxeye.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial. Stems erect, 60 cm high. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, 7 cm long, margin entire and toothed, short-petiolate leaves are lower and the caulinare are sessile. Involucre hemispherical, composed of bracts numerous, triangular, linear, acute, covered with hairs serum. Inflorescence solitary, 5 cm diameter. Ligulate flowers yellow, three-toothed, 15-20 mm, tubular yellow flowers. Blooms in July-September. Fruit achenes, cylindrical, with puppets.
Requirements - prefers moist soil, rich andn humus, sunny or partially shaded in exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed or division bush.
Partners garden - Baptisia sp., Belamcanda sp., Helenium sp., Lysimachia ciliata.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii or curbs.
Curiosity - Buphthalmum salicifolium part of the family Asteraceae, tribe Inuleae.
The family Asteraceae is the largest plant family, comprising about 20 000 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs and succulent plants.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.