Scientific name - Buphthalmum salicifolium L.
Synonyms - Buphthalmum flexile Bertol, Telekia speciosa.
Popular names - asteroide salicina, willowleaf oxeye.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial. Stems erect, 60 cm high. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, 7 cm long, margin entire and toothed, short-petiolate leaves are lower and the caulinare are sessile. Involucre hemispherical, composed of bracts numerous, triangular, linear, acute, covered with hairs serum. Inflorescence solitary, 5 cm diameter. Ligulate flowers yellow, three-toothed, 15-20 mm, tubular yellow flowers. Blooms in July-September. Fruit achenes, cylindrical, with puppets.
Requirements - prefers moist soil, rich andn humus, sunny or partially shaded in exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed or division bush.
Partners garden - Baptisia sp., Belamcanda sp., Helenium sp., Lysimachia ciliata.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii or curbs.
Curiosity - Buphthalmum salicifolium part of the family Asteraceae, tribe Inuleae.
The family Asteraceae is the largest plant family, comprising about 20 000 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs and succulent plants.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.