Scientific name - Buphthalmum salicifolium L.
Synonyms - Buphthalmum flexile Bertol, Telekia speciosa.
Popular names - asteroide salicina, willowleaf oxeye.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous plant, perennial. Stems erect, 60 cm high. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, 7 cm long, margin entire and toothed, short-petiolate leaves are lower and the caulinare are sessile. Involucre hemispherical, composed of bracts numerous, triangular, linear, acute, covered with hairs serum. Inflorescence solitary, 5 cm diameter. Ligulate flowers yellow, three-toothed, 15-20 mm, tubular yellow flowers. Blooms in July-September. Fruit achenes, cylindrical, with puppets.
Requirements - prefers moist soil, rich andn humus, sunny or partially shaded in exhibitions.
Propagation - by seed or division bush.
Partners garden - Baptisia sp., Belamcanda sp., Helenium sp., Lysimachia ciliata.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species for rocarii or curbs.
Curiosity - Buphthalmum salicifolium part of the family Asteraceae, tribe Inuleae.
The family Asteraceae is the largest plant family, comprising about 20 000 species of herbaceous plants, shrubs and succulent plants.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.