Scientific Name - Buxus sempervirens L.
Popular names - buxus, bosso, bossolo, mortella.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Description - evergreen shrub, up to 5 feet tall. Industries inerme, fewer branches. Bark on young green, then yellow-brown. Leaves simple, 3 cm long, oval-elliptical, cunea at base, petiole short, evergreen, dark green and glossy on top, light green and opaque on the bottom. Flowers unisexuate mono; the female are small, gathered in bouquets, yellow-green to white, surrounded by 10 male flowers with four petals. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsulethe triloculara, about 1 cm, brown, rigid.
Growth rate - slow. Longevity 500 years.
Requirements - moist and well-drained soils, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seedlings.
Properties and Uses - shrub cultivated since ancient times by Greeks and Romans in various forms you shearers. In Ev environment began to be cultivated in backyards and monasteries.
Curiosity - yellow-orange wood, hard and compact.
Nectar-rich flowers are visited by insects.
All organs of the plant contains essential oils and tannins.
Trees and shrubs
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Euphrasia arguta reappeared after 100 years
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Centaurea is the third - century genre that many species in Turkey, with 189 taxa. Most of these taxa are endemic in the whole country or a limited area. Value for Centaurea endemism in Turkey is 60%.
Kizildaghensis Centaurea Centaurea is very similar to kotschy. C. kotschy doll is simple, plum, very long compared to the new species has double doll and nauseating.