Scientific Name - Buxus sempervirens L.
Popular names - buxus, bosso, bossolo, mortella.
Distribution and Habitat - a native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Description - evergreen shrub, up to 5 feet tall. Industries inerme, fewer branches. Bark on young green, then yellow-brown. Leaves simple, 3 cm long, oval-elliptical, cunea at base, petiole short, evergreen, dark green and glossy on top, light green and opaque on the bottom. Flowers unisexuate mono; the female are small, gathered in bouquets, yellow-green to white, surrounded by 10 male flowers with four petals. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsulethe triloculara, about 1 cm, brown, rigid.
Growth rate - slow. Longevity 500 years.
Requirements - moist and well-drained soils, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seedlings.
Properties and Uses - shrub cultivated since ancient times by Greeks and Romans in various forms you shearers. In Ev environment began to be cultivated in backyards and monasteries.
Curiosity - yellow-orange wood, hard and compact.
Nectar-rich flowers are visited by insects.
All organs of the plant contains essential oils and tannins.
Trees and shrubs
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819