25
Jan
2011
Buxus sempervirens
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Buxus sempervirens L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - buxus, bosso, bossolo, mortella.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.

Description - evergreen shrub, up to 5 feet tall. Industries inerme, fewer branches. Bark on young green, then yellow-brown. Leaves simple, 3 cm long, oval-elliptical, cunea at base, petiole short, evergreen, dark green and glossy on top, light green and opaque on the bottom. Flowers unisexuate mono; the female are small, gathered in bouquets, yellow-green to white, surrounded by 10 male flowers with four petals. Blooms in March-May. Fruit capsulethe triloculara, about 1 cm, brown, rigid.

Growth rate - slow. Longevity 500 years.

Requirements - moist and well-drained soils, sunny exhibitions.

Management -

Propagation - by seedlings.

Properties and Uses - shrub cultivated since ancient times by Greeks and Romans in various forms you shearers. In Ev environment began to be cultivated in backyards and monasteries.

Curiosity - yellow-orange wood, hard and compact.

Nectar-rich flowers are visited by insects.

All organs of the plant contains essential oils and tannins.

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