Scientific Name - Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook) Wall.
Synonyms - Poinciana gilliesii Hook
Popular names - poinciana, espiga de amor, desert bird of Paradise.
Distribution and Habitat - native in the temperate and subtropical regions of South America.
Description - shrub 4 m high, deciduu. Young branches are tomentoase. Leaves 15-25 cm double-pinnate compound, pinnate compound leaflets 8-13. Flowers in terminal raceme, bracts decidue, pedicel yellowish brown glandulous bristled, small cell, Campanula, five sepa-free, yellow, curved, nested, oblong-elliptic, 1-1.5 cm, 5 petals, 2-3 cm, 10 stamens, 5-10 cm long, red, thread-like style. Blooms in May-September. Fruit capsule, 6-8 cm, patented, curved tubers, containing 6-8 seeds, seeds subgloboase with albumen.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - very tolerantdrought.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or partially shaded, well-drained soils.
Management - regular watering during periods of prolonged drought.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - species cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Curiosity - unripe seeds are irritating to the digestive tract, causing diarrhea.
Trees and shrubs
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.
Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.