06
Sep
2010
Caesalpinia gilliesii
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook) Wall.

Synonyms - Poinciana gilliesii Hook

Popular names - poinciana, espiga de amor, desert bird of Paradise.

Distribution and Habitat - native in the temperate and subtropical regions of South America.

Description - shrub 4 m high, deciduu. Young branches are tomentoase. Leaves 15-25 cm double-pinnate compound, pinnate compound leaflets 8-13. Flowers in terminal raceme, bracts decidue, pedicel yellowish brown glandulous bristled, small cell, Campanula, five sepa-free, yellow, curved, nested, oblong-elliptic, 1-1.5 cm, 5 petals, 2-3 cm, 10 stamens, 5-10 cm long, red, thread-like style. Blooms in May-September. Fruit capsule, 6-8 cm, patented, curved tubers, containing 6-8 seeds, seeds subgloboase with albumen.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - very tolerantdrought.

Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or partially shaded, well-drained soils.

Management - regular watering during periods of prolonged drought.

Propagation - by seeds.

Properties and Uses - species cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens.

Curiosity - unripe seeds are irritating to the digestive tract, causing diarrhea.

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