Scientific Name - Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook) Wall.
Synonyms - Poinciana gilliesii Hook
Popular names - poinciana, espiga de amor, desert bird of Paradise.
Distribution and Habitat - native in the temperate and subtropical regions of South America.
Description - shrub 4 m high, deciduu. Young branches are tomentoase. Leaves 15-25 cm double-pinnate compound, pinnate compound leaflets 8-13. Flowers in terminal raceme, bracts decidue, pedicel yellowish brown glandulous bristled, small cell, Campanula, five sepa-free, yellow, curved, nested, oblong-elliptic, 1-1.5 cm, 5 petals, 2-3 cm, 10 stamens, 5-10 cm long, red, thread-like style. Blooms in May-September. Fruit capsule, 6-8 cm, patented, curved tubers, containing 6-8 seeds, seeds subgloboase with albumen.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - very tolerantdrought.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or partially shaded, well-drained soils.
Management - regular watering during periods of prolonged drought.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - species cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Curiosity - unripe seeds are irritating to the digestive tract, causing diarrhea.
Trees and shrubs
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.