Scientific Name - Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook) Wall.
Synonyms - Poinciana gilliesii Hook
Popular names - poinciana, espiga de amor, desert bird of Paradise.
Distribution and Habitat - native in the temperate and subtropical regions of South America.
Description - shrub 4 m high, deciduu. Young branches are tomentoase. Leaves 15-25 cm double-pinnate compound, pinnate compound leaflets 8-13. Flowers in terminal raceme, bracts decidue, pedicel yellowish brown glandulous bristled, small cell, Campanula, five sepa-free, yellow, curved, nested, oblong-elliptic, 1-1.5 cm, 5 petals, 2-3 cm, 10 stamens, 5-10 cm long, red, thread-like style. Blooms in May-September. Fruit capsule, 6-8 cm, patented, curved tubers, containing 6-8 seeds, seeds subgloboase with albumen.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - very tolerantdrought.
Requirements - exhibitions prefer sunny or partially shaded, well-drained soils.
Management - regular watering during periods of prolonged drought.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - species cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Curiosity - unripe seeds are irritating to the digestive tract, causing diarrhea.
Trees and shrubs
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Pelargonium australe - Muscat
Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.