30
Mar
2009
Calathea
House Plant | Liliopsida
2
0

Scientific name - crispy Calathea, Calathea insignis, Calathea makoyana, Calathea zebrina.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in South America, Brazil.

Species Description:

Calathea crispy - leaves oval-lanceolata, shot in dark green metallic purple and gray spots. Flowers small, orange, elongated, rigid stem, longer than leaves.

Calathea insignis - caulescenta, 2-3 M high. Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide; bractei green-yellow, yellow flowers, 2,5-3,5 cm long. Blooms in June-November (in the natural environment). Fruit capsule, obovoida, 1 cm long.

Calathea makoyana (Maranta makoyana) - 60 cm high, leaves ovata, 33 x 16 cm, light green and cream, with dark green elliptical spots. Blossom with white flowers.

Calathea zebrina - was introduced in Europe in 1815, in the UK. Robust herb 80-100 cm tall. Frunze lanceolata to oblong-elliptic, open green dark green stripe, green esre main rib on the outside and red-purple on the underside. Blossom spike, 10 cm long; bractei green with purple spots and dark purple and white flowers. Pollination is done by insects.

Requirements - does not support direct sun, filtered light indicated exhibitions. Direct light causing dry leaves on the side. Temparatura optimal for these species is around 18-21 ˚ C.

Summer fertilizeaza with liquid fertilizers (NPK 10:30:10) at 2 weeks.

Management - 2-3 wet summer days and winter every 10-14 days. The leaves are not sprayed with water. All species of Calathea prefers to be watered with rain water, tap water can cause drying plant.

Propagation - division is made once every 4 years in June, when they can and multiply by division rizomuluand, allow the piece of rhizome 3.4 leaves. Do not use very deep pots because they superficially radical system.

Subtratul favorite is the peat.

Pests and diseases - if Portine dried on the leaves is due to an environment too dry, not held close to sources of heat, radiators.

Natural partners and Garden - Aglaonema commutatum 'Silver Queen'.

References

Horace F. Clay, James C. Hubbard - The Hawai'i Garden Tropical Exotics - University of Hawai'i Press, 1987

Michael Hickey - 100 Families of Flowering Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1988

Thomas Croat - Flora of Barro Colorado Island - Stanford University Press, 1978

Photos
Top
See also
Top
House Plant
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia

Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.

 
Culture and maintenance of species of Tillandsia

Of all the plants discovered by Elias Tillandsia, Tillandsia is the most fascinating kind for the variety of forms, the beauty of flowers and original way to hranii without using root.

Tillandsia are species belonging to the Bromeliaceae, there are 548 species of which 40 are 508 are epiphytic and terrestrial.

 
Cultivation and maintenance of species Begonia rex

Rizomatoasa species. Leaves ovata, 20 cm long, the edges present pear, green metallic dark green stripe in the center and on the languages, separated by a concentric zone silver. Flowers pink, 3 cm in diameter. Blooms in winter.

 
Dracaena marginata Lemarck

Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.

Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.

 
Liliopsida
Belamcanda chinensis

Belamcanda chinensis - perennial species, native to eastern Asia, cultivated as ornamental species for borders or rock garden.

 
Galanthus nivalis L.

Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots

 
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca

Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.

 
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links