30
Mar
2009
Calathea
House Plant | Liliopsida

Scientific name - crispy Calathea, Calathea insignis, Calathea makoyana, Calathea zebrina.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in South America, Brazil.

Species Description:

Calathea crispy - leaves oval-lanceolata, shot in dark green metallic purple and gray spots. Flowers small, orange, elongated, rigid stem, longer than leaves.

Calathea insignis - caulescenta, 2-3 M high. Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide; bractei green-yellow, yellow flowers, 2,5-3,5 cm long. Blooms in June-November (in the natural environment). Fruit capsule, obovoida, 1 cm long.

Calathea makoyana (Maranta makoyana) - 60 cm high, leaves ovata, 33 x 16 cm, light green and cream, with dark green elliptical spots. Blossom with white flowers.

Calathea zebrina - was introduced in Europe in 1815, in the UK. Robust herb 80-100 cm tall. Frunze lanceolata to oblong-elliptic, open green dark green stripe, green esre main rib on the outside and red-purple on the underside. Blossom spike, 10 cm long; bractei green with purple spots and dark purple and white flowers. Pollination is done by insects.

Requirements - does not support direct sun, filtered light indicated exhibitions. Direct light causing dry leaves on the side. Temparatura optimal for these species is around 18-21 ˚ C.

Summer fertilizeaza with liquid fertilizers (NPK 10:30:10) at 2 weeks.

Management - 2-3 wet summer days and winter every 10-14 days. The leaves are not sprayed with water. All species of Calathea prefers to be watered with rain water, tap water can cause drying plant.

Propagation - division is made once every 4 years in June, when they can and multiply by division rizomuluand, allow the piece of rhizome 3.4 leaves. Do not use very deep pots because they superficially radical system.

Subtratul favorite is the peat.

Pests and diseases - if Portine dried on the leaves is due to an environment too dry, not held close to sources of heat, radiators.

Natural partners and Garden - Aglaonema commutatum 'Silver Queen'.

References

Horace F. Clay, James C. Hubbard - The Hawai'i Garden Tropical Exotics - University of Hawai'i Press, 1987

Michael Hickey - 100 Families of Flowering Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1988

Thomas Croat - Flora of Barro Colorado Island - Stanford University Press, 1978

Photos
Top
See also
Top
House Plant
Scindapsus

Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.

 
Hatiora gaertneri

Hatiora gaertneri pendence is a shrub, very branched. Originally from southeastern Brazil, which grows at altitudes of 350-1300 m. The stem is segmented, each segment is about 5 cm, with small notches on the edges, green mat. Is devoid of thorns, or are very small.

 
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

Juicy species, perennial, native to Madagascar, was introduced in Europe in 1920. The species is named after Robert Blossfeld. Undergrowth of 40 cm height. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, elliptic to ovata, the strains are from the top of Blong-lanceolata, 2-10 cm long, red margin, crenate, glabra.

 
Fuchsia

Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.

 
Iberis sempervirens

Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.

 
Liliopsida
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic Brullo, Mitic and Salmeri sp.nov. in Croatia

Allium croaticum presents a bulb ovoid 15-18 x 10-12 mm, the tunics membranous, light brown. Strain reaches 20-30 cm tall, cylindrical, glabra, erect. Leaves semi-cylindrical, glabra, glauca green, ribbed, 10-23 cm long. About 1 mm wide. Shoulder is persistent, with two unequal valves.

 
Belamcanda chinensis

Belamcanda chinensis - perennial species, native to eastern Asia, cultivated as ornamental species for borders or rock garden.

 
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo

Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long

 
Gymnadenia conopsea

Gymnadenia conopsea - can be planted in parks and public gardens, on lawns or grassy rocks.

Gymnadenia conopsea - Gymnadenia genus name comes from the Greek words 'gymnos' = empty and 'Aden' = gland.

 
Scindapsus

Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links