30
Mar
2009
Calathea
House Plant | Liliopsida

Scientific name - crispy Calathea, Calathea insignis, Calathea makoyana, Calathea zebrina.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in South America, Brazil.

Species Description:

Calathea crispy - leaves oval-lanceolata, shot in dark green metallic purple and gray spots. Flowers small, orange, elongated, rigid stem, longer than leaves.

Calathea insignis - caulescenta, 2-3 M high. Petiole long, brown at the base. Language leaves to ovat ovat-elliptic, top short acuminata, the round or obtuse, dark green on top with green central rib, except nervurii glabra. Blossom terminal, spike side flat, narrow oblong, 15-40 cm long, peduncle 25 cm long, 4,5-6 cm wide; bractei green-yellow, yellow flowers, 2,5-3,5 cm long. Blooms in June-November (in the natural environment). Fruit capsule, obovoida, 1 cm long.

Calathea makoyana (Maranta makoyana) - 60 cm high, leaves ovata, 33 x 16 cm, light green and cream, with dark green elliptical spots. Blossom with white flowers.

Calathea zebrina - was introduced in Europe in 1815, in the UK. Robust herb 80-100 cm tall. Frunze lanceolata to oblong-elliptic, open green dark green stripe, green esre main rib on the outside and red-purple on the underside. Blossom spike, 10 cm long; bractei green with purple spots and dark purple and white flowers. Pollination is done by insects.

Requirements - does not support direct sun, filtered light indicated exhibitions. Direct light causing dry leaves on the side. Temparatura optimal for these species is around 18-21 ˚ C.

Summer fertilizeaza with liquid fertilizers (NPK 10:30:10) at 2 weeks.

Management - 2-3 wet summer days and winter every 10-14 days. The leaves are not sprayed with water. All species of Calathea prefers to be watered with rain water, tap water can cause drying plant.

Propagation - division is made once every 4 years in June, when they can and multiply by division rizomuluand, allow the piece of rhizome 3.4 leaves. Do not use very deep pots because they superficially radical system.

Subtratul favorite is the peat.

Pests and diseases - if Portine dried on the leaves is due to an environment too dry, not held close to sources of heat, radiators.

Natural partners and Garden - Aglaonema commutatum 'Silver Queen'.

References

Horace F. Clay, James C. Hubbard - The Hawai'i Garden Tropical Exotics - University of Hawai'i Press, 1987

Michael Hickey - 100 Families of Flowering Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1988

Thomas Croat - Flora of Barro Colorado Island - Stanford University Press, 1978

Photos
Top
See also
Top
House Plant
Iberis sempervirens

Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.

 
Dracaena marginata Lemarck

Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.

Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.

 
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819

Genus Rhipsalis includes 35 species of cacti, originating from dry areas of Canada to Patagonia and naturalized in the tropics and subtropice. Pendente growth, numerous bends. Stem cylindrical, with ribbed or payment. The flowers are small. Fruit small, spherical, fleshy.

 
Kalanchoe eriophylla

Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.

Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.

 
Hoffmannia regalis

Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.

 
Liliopsida
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic

Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.

 
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.

 
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane

Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.

 
Musa sp. - Bananas

Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.

 
Areca catechu L.

Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.

Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links