Scientific name - Calendula officinalis L.
Popular names - Marigold, Kerti koromvirag, Ringelbume, Pot-Marigold, Marigold, Calendula, calendola, Zerg, Thulvkka Saamanthii.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm. Calatidiu blossom, 4-7 cm diameter, terminal or axillary, flowers arranged ligula marginal yellow-orange, tubular flowers, plants, yellow-green. Blooms in May-September. Achenes strongly curved, tuberous-roguase on dorsal surface; doll missing.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - not tolerate temperatures (-3) ˚ C.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well-drained soil, pH 6.5, loamy and rich in humus.
Management - breaking season extends past flowers blossoming. Species requirement over phosphorus and potassium. Requires regular watering in dry periods.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening or April-May, when soil temperature exceeds 16-17 ˚ C. Germinate in 10-14 days at 15-18 ˚ C. Are planted at 18 cm distance between plants.
Diseases and pests - Sphaerotheca fuliginea device attack causing leaf yellowing and drying of leaves, branches and Entyloma calendulae attack is manifested by yellowish-green and then brown, Erysiphe cichoracearum and Alternaria leaf calendulae attacking device, Cercospora calendulae, Circular spots appear gray; pulsatorium Atropos; Phytomyza atricornis, Bemisia tabaci, APHIS faba; Myzus persicae; Ptinus steal, Lasioderma serricorne.
Natural partners and Garden --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - marigold extracts based on their action and emenagoga collar. Freeze-dried extracts inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus golden flowers ligula Oxford Escherechia coli and Candida albicans.
Flowers Ligularia properties tonic, febrifuge, sudorific, carminative and anti-emetic.
Internally, it is recommended to stimulate bile secretion, the gastric bandage.
Externally, in inflammation of the lining of the mouth and throat, skin and mucous membranes in inflammation in bruises, contusions, furunculosis, eczema and parazitoze.
Infusion, a tablespoon of blossom in a cup of water, Drink 2-3 cups a day.
External infusion, 30 f / l for vaginal washing or compresses the damaged surfaces. Blossom tincture of 20 g to 100 ml of alcohol by maceration for 8 days. 10 g of tincture in 100 ml water, applied as compresses on wounds.
Leaves, infusion of 30 g / l for compresses, poultices applied to sore eyes, burns, wounds, chilblains.
5 g flowers in 1 liter of milk for stomach cancer, 3 times a day.
It is used as a remedy for skin problems combined with Aloe Vera, Hamamelis and Taraxacum officinale.
The flowers are used for coloring butter and liqueurs.
Galbenelelor used as border plants, folding and cover plate.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Calendula Romans gave the name of this plant, which is cultivated for the beauty of flowers and tratrea scorpion bites.
In his book, Jeanne Rose's Herbal Guide to Inner Health, there is a interesting recipe sandwich, un mix of marigold flowers, seeds, mayonnaise, cheese and liverwurst.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
David Hirsch - The Moosewood Restaurant Kitchen Garden - Ten Speed Press, 2005
James A. Duke, Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier, Peggy-Ann K. Duke - Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - CRC Press, 2002
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
Phyllis A. Balch - Prescription for Herbal Healing - Avery, 2002
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Glycine max - soybean
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Gigabracteata Begonia sp HZ Li & H. Ma. November. in Guangxi, China
Begonia gigabracteata is a plant decide. Tuberous rhizome, 2 cm in diameter. Stipele obsolete. Basal leaves, stalks 4 to 9.2 cm long, cylindrical, reddish or green, with few glandular hairs; language obovata, glabru basis cordata, acuminata top, margin entire or irregular gear, nervatiune palmate-pinnate.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.