Scientific name - Calendula officinalis L.
Popular names - Marigold, Kerti koromvirag, Ringelbume, Pot-Marigold, Marigold, Calendula, calendola, Zerg, Thulvkka Saamanthii.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm. Calatidiu blossom, 4-7 cm diameter, terminal or axillary, flowers arranged ligula marginal yellow-orange, tubular flowers, plants, yellow-green. Blooms in May-September. Achenes strongly curved, tuberous-roguase on dorsal surface; doll missing.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - not tolerate temperatures (-3) ˚ C.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well-drained soil, pH 6.5, loamy and rich in humus.
Management - breaking season extends past flowers blossoming. Species requirement over phosphorus and potassium. Requires regular watering in dry periods.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening or April-May, when soil temperature exceeds 16-17 ˚ C. Germinate in 10-14 days at 15-18 ˚ C. Are planted at 18 cm distance between plants.
Diseases and pests - Sphaerotheca fuliginea device attack causing leaf yellowing and drying of leaves, branches and Entyloma calendulae attack is manifested by yellowish-green and then brown, Erysiphe cichoracearum and Alternaria leaf calendulae attacking device, Cercospora calendulae, Circular spots appear gray; pulsatorium Atropos; Phytomyza atricornis, Bemisia tabaci, APHIS faba; Myzus persicae; Ptinus steal, Lasioderma serricorne.
Natural partners and Garden --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - marigold extracts based on their action and emenagoga collar. Freeze-dried extracts inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus golden flowers ligula Oxford Escherechia coli and Candida albicans.
Flowers Ligularia properties tonic, febrifuge, sudorific, carminative and anti-emetic.
Internally, it is recommended to stimulate bile secretion, the gastric bandage.
Externally, in inflammation of the lining of the mouth and throat, skin and mucous membranes in inflammation in bruises, contusions, furunculosis, eczema and parazitoze.
Infusion, a tablespoon of blossom in a cup of water, Drink 2-3 cups a day.
External infusion, 30 f / l for vaginal washing or compresses the damaged surfaces. Blossom tincture of 20 g to 100 ml of alcohol by maceration for 8 days. 10 g of tincture in 100 ml water, applied as compresses on wounds.
Leaves, infusion of 30 g / l for compresses, poultices applied to sore eyes, burns, wounds, chilblains.
5 g flowers in 1 liter of milk for stomach cancer, 3 times a day.
It is used as a remedy for skin problems combined with Aloe Vera, Hamamelis and Taraxacum officinale.
The flowers are used for coloring butter and liqueurs.
Galbenelelor used as border plants, folding and cover plate.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Calendula Romans gave the name of this plant, which is cultivated for the beauty of flowers and tratrea scorpion bites.
In his book, Jeanne Rose's Herbal Guide to Inner Health, there is a interesting recipe sandwich, un mix of marigold flowers, seeds, mayonnaise, cheese and liverwurst.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
David Hirsch - The Moosewood Restaurant Kitchen Garden - Ten Speed Press, 2005
James A. Duke, Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier, Peggy-Ann K. Duke - Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - CRC Press, 2002
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
Phyllis A. Balch - Prescription for Herbal Healing - Avery, 2002
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Salpichroa organifolia - perennial, rhizomatic and subfrutescenta. Hailing from South America, naturalized and naturalized French Atlantic coast, around the Mediterranean, Corsica and Spain wet substrates increases from 0 to 600 m altitude.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Anigozanthos rufus - Leg of kangaroo
Herbaceous rizomatoasa, Geof, 100-150 cm height. Mate leaves, gray-green, glabra, evergreen, 20-40 x 2-6 cm, margins scabrous. Escape very branched, tomentos. Inflorescences numerous, raceme. Red-purple flowers with pear, rare yellow-orange. Perianth law zigomorfic, lobate, tubular tomntoase, red, 25-35 mm long
Coffea charrieriana Stoff & F. Anthony sp.nov.
Shrub, 1-1.5 m high. Stalk 1-2 mm in diameter, pubescent. Stipele triangulation to the Delta, about 2 mm long, nested, pubescent. Petiole 2 mm long. Lamina elliptical to narrow elliptical, 5-7 x 2,2-3,5 cm, thin
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.