Scientific name - Calendula officinalis L.
Popular names - Marigold, Kerti koromvirag, Ringelbume, Pot-Marigold, Marigold, Calendula, calendola, Zerg, Thulvkka Saamanthii.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm. Calatidiu blossom, 4-7 cm diameter, terminal or axillary, flowers arranged ligula marginal yellow-orange, tubular flowers, plants, yellow-green. Blooms in May-September. Achenes strongly curved, tuberous-roguase on dorsal surface; doll missing.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - not tolerate temperatures (-3) ˚ C.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well-drained soil, pH 6.5, loamy and rich in humus.
Management - breaking season extends past flowers blossoming. Species requirement over phosphorus and potassium. Requires regular watering in dry periods.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening or April-May, when soil temperature exceeds 16-17 ˚ C. Germinate in 10-14 days at 15-18 ˚ C. Are planted at 18 cm distance between plants.
Diseases and pests - Sphaerotheca fuliginea device attack causing leaf yellowing and drying of leaves, branches and Entyloma calendulae attack is manifested by yellowish-green and then brown, Erysiphe cichoracearum and Alternaria leaf calendulae attacking device, Cercospora calendulae, Circular spots appear gray; pulsatorium Atropos; Phytomyza atricornis, Bemisia tabaci, APHIS faba; Myzus persicae; Ptinus steal, Lasioderma serricorne.
Natural partners and Garden --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - marigold extracts based on their action and emenagoga collar. Freeze-dried extracts inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus golden flowers ligula Oxford Escherechia coli and Candida albicans.
Flowers Ligularia properties tonic, febrifuge, sudorific, carminative and anti-emetic.
Internally, it is recommended to stimulate bile secretion, the gastric bandage.
Externally, in inflammation of the lining of the mouth and throat, skin and mucous membranes in inflammation in bruises, contusions, furunculosis, eczema and parazitoze.
Infusion, a tablespoon of blossom in a cup of water, Drink 2-3 cups a day.
External infusion, 30 f / l for vaginal washing or compresses the damaged surfaces. Blossom tincture of 20 g to 100 ml of alcohol by maceration for 8 days. 10 g of tincture in 100 ml water, applied as compresses on wounds.
Leaves, infusion of 30 g / l for compresses, poultices applied to sore eyes, burns, wounds, chilblains.
5 g flowers in 1 liter of milk for stomach cancer, 3 times a day.
It is used as a remedy for skin problems combined with Aloe Vera, Hamamelis and Taraxacum officinale.
The flowers are used for coloring butter and liqueurs.
Galbenelelor used as border plants, folding and cover plate.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Calendula Romans gave the name of this plant, which is cultivated for the beauty of flowers and tratrea scorpion bites.
In his book, Jeanne Rose's Herbal Guide to Inner Health, there is a interesting recipe sandwich, un mix of marigold flowers, seeds, mayonnaise, cheese and liverwurst.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
David Hirsch - The Moosewood Restaurant Kitchen Garden - Ten Speed Press, 2005
James A. Duke, Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier, Peggy-Ann K. Duke - Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - CRC Press, 2002
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
Phyllis A. Balch - Prescription for Herbal Healing - Avery, 2002
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Nicotiana tabacum - herbaceous annual, terofita. The product obtained is known cigarettes.
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Stachys Byzantine - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, grows on dry slopes at the edge of forests, up to 2000 m altitude.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.
Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.