Scientific name - Calendula officinalis L.
Popular names - Marigold, Kerti koromvirag, Ringelbume, Pot-Marigold, Marigold, Calendula, calendola, Zerg, Thulvkka Saamanthii.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm. Calatidiu blossom, 4-7 cm diameter, terminal or axillary, flowers arranged ligula marginal yellow-orange, tubular flowers, plants, yellow-green. Blooms in May-September. Achenes strongly curved, tuberous-roguase on dorsal surface; doll missing.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - not tolerate temperatures (-3) ˚ C.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well-drained soil, pH 6.5, loamy and rich in humus.
Management - breaking season extends past flowers blossoming. Species requirement over phosphorus and potassium. Requires regular watering in dry periods.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening or April-May, when soil temperature exceeds 16-17 ˚ C. Germinate in 10-14 days at 15-18 ˚ C. Are planted at 18 cm distance between plants.
Diseases and pests - Sphaerotheca fuliginea device attack causing leaf yellowing and drying of leaves, branches and Entyloma calendulae attack is manifested by yellowish-green and then brown, Erysiphe cichoracearum and Alternaria leaf calendulae attacking device, Cercospora calendulae, Circular spots appear gray; pulsatorium Atropos; Phytomyza atricornis, Bemisia tabaci, APHIS faba; Myzus persicae; Ptinus steal, Lasioderma serricorne.
Natural partners and Garden --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - marigold extracts based on their action and emenagoga collar. Freeze-dried extracts inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus golden flowers ligula Oxford Escherechia coli and Candida albicans.
Flowers Ligularia properties tonic, febrifuge, sudorific, carminative and anti-emetic.
Internally, it is recommended to stimulate bile secretion, the gastric bandage.
Externally, in inflammation of the lining of the mouth and throat, skin and mucous membranes in inflammation in bruises, contusions, furunculosis, eczema and parazitoze.
Infusion, a tablespoon of blossom in a cup of water, Drink 2-3 cups a day.
External infusion, 30 f / l for vaginal washing or compresses the damaged surfaces. Blossom tincture of 20 g to 100 ml of alcohol by maceration for 8 days. 10 g of tincture in 100 ml water, applied as compresses on wounds.
Leaves, infusion of 30 g / l for compresses, poultices applied to sore eyes, burns, wounds, chilblains.
5 g flowers in 1 liter of milk for stomach cancer, 3 times a day.
It is used as a remedy for skin problems combined with Aloe Vera, Hamamelis and Taraxacum officinale.
The flowers are used for coloring butter and liqueurs.
Galbenelelor used as border plants, folding and cover plate.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Calendula Romans gave the name of this plant, which is cultivated for the beauty of flowers and tratrea scorpion bites.
In his book, Jeanne Rose's Herbal Guide to Inner Health, there is a interesting recipe sandwich, un mix of marigold flowers, seeds, mayonnaise, cheese and liverwurst.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
David Hirsch - The Moosewood Restaurant Kitchen Garden - Ten Speed Press, 2005
James A. Duke, Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier, Peggy-Ann K. Duke - Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - CRC Press, 2002
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
Phyllis A. Balch - Prescription for Herbal Healing - Avery, 2002
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.