Scientific name - Calendula officinalis L.
Popular names - Marigold, Kerti koromvirag, Ringelbume, Pot-Marigold, Marigold, Calendula, calendola, Zerg, Thulvkka Saamanthii.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm. Calatidiu blossom, 4-7 cm diameter, terminal or axillary, flowers arranged ligula marginal yellow-orange, tubular flowers, plants, yellow-green. Blooms in May-September. Achenes strongly curved, tuberous-roguase on dorsal surface; doll missing.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - not tolerate temperatures (-3) ˚ C.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well-drained soil, pH 6.5, loamy and rich in humus.
Management - breaking season extends past flowers blossoming. Species requirement over phosphorus and potassium. Requires regular watering in dry periods.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening or April-May, when soil temperature exceeds 16-17 ˚ C. Germinate in 10-14 days at 15-18 ˚ C. Are planted at 18 cm distance between plants.
Diseases and pests - Sphaerotheca fuliginea device attack causing leaf yellowing and drying of leaves, branches and Entyloma calendulae attack is manifested by yellowish-green and then brown, Erysiphe cichoracearum and Alternaria leaf calendulae attacking device, Cercospora calendulae, Circular spots appear gray; pulsatorium Atropos; Phytomyza atricornis, Bemisia tabaci, APHIS faba; Myzus persicae; Ptinus steal, Lasioderma serricorne.
Natural partners and Garden --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - marigold extracts based on their action and emenagoga collar. Freeze-dried extracts inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus golden flowers ligula Oxford Escherechia coli and Candida albicans.
Flowers Ligularia properties tonic, febrifuge, sudorific, carminative and anti-emetic.
Internally, it is recommended to stimulate bile secretion, the gastric bandage.
Externally, in inflammation of the lining of the mouth and throat, skin and mucous membranes in inflammation in bruises, contusions, furunculosis, eczema and parazitoze.
Infusion, a tablespoon of blossom in a cup of water, Drink 2-3 cups a day.
External infusion, 30 f / l for vaginal washing or compresses the damaged surfaces. Blossom tincture of 20 g to 100 ml of alcohol by maceration for 8 days. 10 g of tincture in 100 ml water, applied as compresses on wounds.
Leaves, infusion of 30 g / l for compresses, poultices applied to sore eyes, burns, wounds, chilblains.
5 g flowers in 1 liter of milk for stomach cancer, 3 times a day.
It is used as a remedy for skin problems combined with Aloe Vera, Hamamelis and Taraxacum officinale.
The flowers are used for coloring butter and liqueurs.
Galbenelelor used as border plants, folding and cover plate.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Calendula Romans gave the name of this plant, which is cultivated for the beauty of flowers and tratrea scorpion bites.
In his book, Jeanne Rose's Herbal Guide to Inner Health, there is a interesting recipe sandwich, un mix of marigold flowers, seeds, mayonnaise, cheese and liverwurst.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2007
Claire Kowalchik, William H. Hylton - Roda's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs - Roda Books, 1998
David Hirsch - The Moosewood Restaurant Kitchen Garden - Ten Speed Press, 2005
James A. Duke, Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier, Peggy-Ann K. Duke - Handbook of Medicinal Herbs - CRC Press, 2002
Lesley Braun, Marc Cohen - Herbs and Natural Supplements - Churchill Livingstone, 2006
Phyllis A. Balch - Prescription for Herbal Healing - Avery, 2002
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.
Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.