Scientific name - Callicarpa L.
'call' = beautiful, 'cloth' = fruit;
Callicarpa L. comprises 170 species of trees and shrubs of temperate and tropical zones. The most commonly found in parks and gardens are Beautyberry American Beautyberry bodinieri, Beautyberry dichotoma, Japan and Beautyberry Beautyberry macrophylla.
Callicarpa L. includes small trees, shrubs, rarely lianas. Leaves opposite, petiolate or decurente. Inflorescences axillary or CIMO. Calyx ± hollow, divided into 4 / 7 lobes (SEPA), persistent. Corola white, yellow, pale pink or purple, tubular, petals erect. Drupe fruit, mature white, red, purple or black.
Names populationtions - beautyberry.
Callicarpa americana - 1.5 m high, native of Mexico, rapid growth to moderate. Leaves 15-20 cm long, oval-elliptic, pubescent inside. Flowers small, blue. Blooms in June-July. Fruits purple.
Callicarpa bodinieri - shrub, 2-3.5 m high, originally from China. Petiole 5-10 mm long. Leaves sub-glabra or stellate tomentoase. Cime 3-5 cm diameter, peduncle 1 cm bractei children. Calyx about 1 mm sepa-obtuse triangulation, stellate tomentoase. Corola purple, about 3 mm, stellate tomentoasa. Blooms in June-July. Violet-purple fruit, 2 mm in diameter.
Callicarpa dichotoma - shrub, 1-1.5 m high, native of China and Japan. Thin stalk with stellate hairs in youth. Leaves sesle or subsesile; language lanceolata-obovata, with peri-stellate-glandular on the edges, base cuneata, edge gear to the top, top short-acuminata. Cima 1-2.5 cm in diameter, peduncle thin, 8-12 cm, bracts linear. Campanula calyx, 1 mm, sub-truncated, needle. Corola purple, tube 2 mm long. Stamens 4 mm long, glabra. Fruit 1-2 mm diameter.
Callicarpa japonica- shrub, 1.5-2 m high, stalk glabrata. Leaves opposite or subopuse, simple, language ovat or elliptic, margin evening, leading acuminata, nervatiune pinnate, green summer, autumn yellow. Cima 2 cm diameter, peduncle 6-10 mm long. SEPA obtuse calyx-triangulation. Corola white or purple, 3 mm glabru. Blooms in June-July. Globos fruit, meat, purple, 2-3 mm in diameter.
Callicarpa macrophylla - shrub, 1.2-2.4 m tall, native of Assam and Sub-Himalayan Bengalm up to 1800 m altitude. Tomentosi stalk. Petiole robust, 1-3 cm, gray-stellate-tomentos. Leaves simple, language ovat or oblong-lanceolata, edges soirees, acuminata, base cuneata or round, white tomentoas inside. Cime 4.8 cm diameter, densely gray-stellate-tomentoase. Calyx about 1 mm subtruncat, gray-stellate-tomntoase. Corola purple, about 2.5 mm, stellate-tomentoase. Prior to yellow-glandular. Blooms in April-December. Fruit 1.5 mm in diameter, puberulent.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - C. japonica tolerate moderate drought and soil salinity; not tolerate temperatures below 0 ˚ C. American Beautyberry tolerate arsita, drought, and sandy soils, can become invasive in areas protected from frost.
Management - Mill scaling applies strong late winter or early spring.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds is sown in November, germinate in January-February and can replant the final place in April. If the seeds are cold stratify for one months seeds will germinate better. To keep out of direct sun saplings as they can be attacked by spiders.
The shoots or seedlings lignificati. Shoots cuttings harvested in May-June, 12 cm long, is treated with rooting hormone, is moving away from cutting leaves in half. Cuttings are taken from the stalk are rooted better.
Lignificati cuttings, 12-20 cm long, is treated with rooting hormone.
Juveniles are easily transplanted.
Diseases and yesunatori - Atractilina callicarpae produces iregulate spots, can deal with fungicides.
Natural partners and Garden - Dryopteris sp., Ilex sp., Perovskia atriplicifolia, Pyracantha sp., Rivinia humilis, Salvia leucantha, Sorbus aucuparia, Stachys coccinea, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus.
Cultivars and varieties - C. bodinieri 'Profusion' purple fruit in bunches of 30-40. C. japonica 'Leucocarpa' has white fruit. C. dichotoma 'Albifructus' fruit white, dark green leaves, white flowers.
Properties and Uses - Callicarpa americana has antirheumatic properties (external), and drinks.
Flowers and fruits Callicarpa macrophylla areastringent, deodorant, digestive and febrifuge depurative.
Callicarpa dichotoma is suitable for training bonsailor.
Callicarpa is used for ornamental, decorative fruit in temperate regions.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe Edwards - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Daniel E. MoereMan - Native American Medicinal Plants - Timber Press, 2009
Harrison L. Flint - Lanscape Plants for Eastern North America - Wiley, 1997
Jill Nokes, Kathryn Miller Brown / How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest - University of Texas Press, 2001
Jo Kellum - Southern Shade - University Press of Mississippi, 2008
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 1997
William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
You / Ping Zhu - Chinese Materia Medica - CRC, 1998
Trees and shrubs
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.
Portulaca grandiflora - annual species, succulent, native to Brazil. Can be used in parks and gardens as ornamental species for borders or pots on terraces species for sunny.
Haplophyllum patavinum belongs to the family Rutaceae, dedicated to the city of Padova (IT). Species by extinction due to habitat destruction, species protected by law (in Italy).
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.