Scientific name - Callicarpa L.
'call' = beautiful, 'cloth' = fruit;
Callicarpa L. comprises 170 species of trees and shrubs of temperate and tropical zones. The most commonly found in parks and gardens are Beautyberry American Beautyberry bodinieri, Beautyberry dichotoma, Japan and Beautyberry Beautyberry macrophylla.
Callicarpa L. includes small trees, shrubs, rarely lianas. Leaves opposite, petiolate or decurente. Inflorescences axillary or CIMO. Calyx ± hollow, divided into 4 / 7 lobes (SEPA), persistent. Corola white, yellow, pale pink or purple, tubular, petals erect. Drupe fruit, mature white, red, purple or black.
Names populationtions - beautyberry.
Callicarpa americana - 1.5 m high, native of Mexico, rapid growth to moderate. Leaves 15-20 cm long, oval-elliptic, pubescent inside. Flowers small, blue. Blooms in June-July. Fruits purple.
Callicarpa bodinieri - shrub, 2-3.5 m high, originally from China. Petiole 5-10 mm long. Leaves sub-glabra or stellate tomentoase. Cime 3-5 cm diameter, peduncle 1 cm bractei children. Calyx about 1 mm sepa-obtuse triangulation, stellate tomentoase. Corola purple, about 3 mm, stellate tomentoasa. Blooms in June-July. Violet-purple fruit, 2 mm in diameter.
Callicarpa dichotoma - shrub, 1-1.5 m high, native of China and Japan. Thin stalk with stellate hairs in youth. Leaves sesle or subsesile; language lanceolata-obovata, with peri-stellate-glandular on the edges, base cuneata, edge gear to the top, top short-acuminata. Cima 1-2.5 cm in diameter, peduncle thin, 8-12 cm, bracts linear. Campanula calyx, 1 mm, sub-truncated, needle. Corola purple, tube 2 mm long. Stamens 4 mm long, glabra. Fruit 1-2 mm diameter.
Callicarpa japonica- shrub, 1.5-2 m high, stalk glabrata. Leaves opposite or subopuse, simple, language ovat or elliptic, margin evening, leading acuminata, nervatiune pinnate, green summer, autumn yellow. Cima 2 cm diameter, peduncle 6-10 mm long. SEPA obtuse calyx-triangulation. Corola white or purple, 3 mm glabru. Blooms in June-July. Globos fruit, meat, purple, 2-3 mm in diameter.
Callicarpa macrophylla - shrub, 1.2-2.4 m tall, native of Assam and Sub-Himalayan Bengalm up to 1800 m altitude. Tomentosi stalk. Petiole robust, 1-3 cm, gray-stellate-tomentos. Leaves simple, language ovat or oblong-lanceolata, edges soirees, acuminata, base cuneata or round, white tomentoas inside. Cime 4.8 cm diameter, densely gray-stellate-tomentoase. Calyx about 1 mm subtruncat, gray-stellate-tomntoase. Corola purple, about 2.5 mm, stellate-tomentoase. Prior to yellow-glandular. Blooms in April-December. Fruit 1.5 mm in diameter, puberulent.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - C. japonica tolerate moderate drought and soil salinity; not tolerate temperatures below 0 ˚ C. American Beautyberry tolerate arsita, drought, and sandy soils, can become invasive in areas protected from frost.
Management - Mill scaling applies strong late winter or early spring.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds is sown in November, germinate in January-February and can replant the final place in April. If the seeds are cold stratify for one months seeds will germinate better. To keep out of direct sun saplings as they can be attacked by spiders.
The shoots or seedlings lignificati. Shoots cuttings harvested in May-June, 12 cm long, is treated with rooting hormone, is moving away from cutting leaves in half. Cuttings are taken from the stalk are rooted better.
Lignificati cuttings, 12-20 cm long, is treated with rooting hormone.
Juveniles are easily transplanted.
Diseases and yesunatori - Atractilina callicarpae produces iregulate spots, can deal with fungicides.
Natural partners and Garden - Dryopteris sp., Ilex sp., Perovskia atriplicifolia, Pyracantha sp., Rivinia humilis, Salvia leucantha, Sorbus aucuparia, Stachys coccinea, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus.
Cultivars and varieties - C. bodinieri 'Profusion' purple fruit in bunches of 30-40. C. japonica 'Leucocarpa' has white fruit. C. dichotoma 'Albifructus' fruit white, dark green leaves, white flowers.
Properties and Uses - Callicarpa americana has antirheumatic properties (external), and drinks.
Flowers and fruits Callicarpa macrophylla areastringent, deodorant, digestive and febrifuge depurative.
Callicarpa dichotoma is suitable for training bonsailor.
Callicarpa is used for ornamental, decorative fruit in temperate regions.
Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe Edwards - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991
Daniel E. MoereMan - Native American Medicinal Plants - Timber Press, 2009
Harrison L. Flint - Lanscape Plants for Eastern North America - Wiley, 1997
Jill Nokes, Kathryn Miller Brown / How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest - University of Texas Press, 2001
Jo Kellum - Southern Shade - University Press of Mississippi, 2008
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 1997
William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
You / Ping Zhu - Chinese Materia Medica - CRC, 1998
Trees and shrubs
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente