21
May
2009
Callicarpa L.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Callicarpa L.

'call' = beautiful, 'cloth' = fruit;

 Callicarpa L. comprises 170 species of trees and shrubs of temperate and tropical zones. The most commonly found in parks and gardens are Beautyberry American Beautyberry bodinieri, Beautyberry dichotoma, Japan and Beautyberry Beautyberry macrophylla.

 Callicarpa L. includes small trees, shrubs, rarely lianas. Leaves opposite, petiolate or decurente. Inflorescences axillary or CIMO. Calyx ± hollow, divided into 4 / 7 lobes (SEPA), persistent. Corola white, yellow, pale pink or purple, tubular, petals erect. Drupe fruit, mature white, red, purple or black.

Names populationtions - beautyberry.

Description --

Callicarpa americana - 1.5 m high, native of Mexico, rapid growth to moderate. Leaves 15-20 cm long, oval-elliptic, pubescent inside. Flowers small, blue. Blooms in June-July. Fruits purple.

Callicarpa bodinieri - shrub, 2-3.5 m high, originally from China. Petiole 5-10 mm long. Leaves sub-glabra or stellate tomentoase. Cime 3-5 cm diameter, peduncle 1 cm bractei children. Calyx about 1 mm sepa-obtuse triangulation, stellate tomentoase. Corola purple, about 3 mm, stellate tomentoasa. Blooms in June-July. Violet-purple fruit, 2 mm in diameter.

Callicarpa dichotoma - shrub, 1-1.5 m high, native of China and Japan. Thin stalk with stellate hairs in youth. Leaves sesle or subsesile; language lanceolata-obovata, with peri-stellate-glandular on the edges, base cuneata, edge gear to the top, top short-acuminata. Cima 1-2.5 cm in diameter, peduncle thin, 8-12 cm, bracts linear. Campanula calyx, 1 mm, sub-truncated, needle. Corola purple, tube 2 mm long. Stamens 4 mm long, glabra. Fruit 1-2 mm diameter.

Callicarpa japonica- shrub, 1.5-2 m high, stalk glabrata. Leaves opposite or subopuse, simple, language ovat or elliptic, margin evening, leading acuminata, nervatiune pinnate, green summer, autumn yellow. Cima 2 cm diameter, peduncle 6-10 mm long. SEPA obtuse calyx-triangulation. Corola white or purple, 3 mm glabru. Blooms in June-July. Globos fruit, meat, purple, 2-3 mm in diameter.

Callicarpa macrophylla - shrub, 1.2-2.4 m tall, native of Assam and Sub-Himalayan Bengalm up to 1800 m altitude. Tomentosi stalk. Petiole robust, 1-3 cm, gray-stellate-tomentos. Leaves simple, language ovat or oblong-lanceolata, edges soirees, acuminata, base cuneata or round, white tomentoas inside. Cime 4.8 cm diameter, densely gray-stellate-tomentoase. Calyx about 1 mm subtruncat, gray-stellate-tomntoase. Corola purple, about 2.5 mm, stellate-tomentoase. Prior to yellow-glandular. Blooms in April-December. Fruit 1.5 mm in diameter, puberulent.

 

Growth rate - moderate to fast.

Tolerances - C. japonica tolerate moderate drought and soil salinity; not tolerate temperatures below 0 ˚ C. American Beautyberry tolerate arsita, drought, and sandy soils, can become invasive in areas protected from frost.

Requirements

Management - Mill scaling applies strong late winter or early spring.

Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds is sown in November, germinate in January-February and can replant the final place in April. If the seeds are cold stratify for one months seeds will germinate better. To keep out of direct sun saplings as they can be attacked by spiders.

The shoots or seedlings lignificati. Shoots cuttings harvested in May-June, 12 cm long, is treated with rooting hormone, is moving away from cutting leaves in half. Cuttings are taken from the stalk are rooted better.

Lignificati cuttings, 12-20 cm long, is treated with rooting hormone.

Juveniles are easily transplanted.

Diseases and yesunatori - Atractilina callicarpae produces iregulate spots, can deal with fungicides.

Natural partners and Garden - Dryopteris sp., Ilex sp., Perovskia atriplicifolia, Pyracantha sp., Rivinia humilis, Salvia leucantha, Sorbus aucuparia, Stachys coccinea, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus.

Cultivars and varieties - C. bodinieri 'Profusion' purple fruit in bunches of 30-40. C. japonica 'Leucocarpa' has white fruit. C. dichotoma 'Albifructus' fruit white, dark green leaves, white flowers.

Properties and Uses -  Callicarpa americana has antirheumatic properties (external), and drinks.

Flowers and fruits Callicarpa macrophylla areastringent, deodorant, digestive and febrifuge depurative.

Leaves Callicarpa macrophylla and Callicarpa dichotoma is recolrreaza summer and fall, and dry in the sun. Used in pulmonary tuberculosis, the maximum dose 10-15 g.

Callicarpa dichotoma is suitable for training bonsailor.

Callicarpa is used for ornamental, decorative fruit in temperate regions.

References

Constance Rogers, David J. Rogers, Mitzi Briscoe Edwards - Woody Ornamentals for Deep South Gardens - University Press of Florida, 1991

Daniel E. MoereMan - Native American Medicinal Plants - Timber Press, 2009

Harrison L. Flint - Lanscape Plants for Eastern North America - Wiley, 1997

Jill Nokes, Kathryn Miller Brown / How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest - University of Texas Press, 2001

Jo Kellum - Southern Shade - University Press of Mississippi, 2008

Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 1997

William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002

You / Ping Zhu - Chinese Materia Medica - CRC, 1998

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