Scientific name - Calophyllum inophyllum
Calophyllum comes from the Greek, means "beautiful leaf".
Synonyms - Balsamaria inophyllum (L.) Lour.
Popular names - Kaman, Alexandrian laurel, beach mahogany, beauty leaf, Bitaog, oil nut tree, btaches, daog, Dilo, EET, lueg, you Itai, undi.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in India, naturalized in Hawaii and the Pacific Islands, grows in coastal forests and beaches, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cimes of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long. Corola consisting of 4.8 petals, oblong, stamens many, ovary superior. Blooms in January-June. Drupe fruit spherical, 2-5 cm diameter, green unripe and yellow-brown at maturity. Each fruit contains a single seed, 2-4 cm diameter.
Growth rate - slowly. Grows about 1 m high on the year of the first years of life, if conditions are favorable, then the increase becomes slow. Young specimens begin flowering after 8 years.
Tolerances - 8 ͦ C minimum temperatures, a wide range of soils, limestone, clay, shallow and those with high salinity. In areas with spontaneous growth, tolerate 4-5 months of drought. Tolerate light shade. Not tolerate frost.
Requirements - sandy soil, well-drained, pH 7.4-4.0. ͦ optimal temperatures 18-33 C. Exhibitions sunny.
Management -- branches are clipped to 2-3 years.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are cleaned of flesh, it looks like in 6 cm diameter containers, keep in semi-shade in the first weeks, and after 1-2 months may be held in full sun. The seeds germinate slowly, after about 22-38 days if the crust breaks seed. Fresh seed germination rate is 90%. Germinate slowly if planted fruit whole. New seedlings are ready for transplanted after 20-24 days of germination. Plantulele be tempered in full sun before transplanting.
Diseases and pests - leaves are attacked by TRIPS. Bactrocera facialis, Hemiberlesia palmae, Lamenia caliginea, Leptynoptera sulfur, Trigonops inusitata.
Natural partners and Garden - Barringtonia asiatica, Canavalia sp., Casuarina equisetifolia, Cordia subcordata, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Ipomoea pes-caprae, Pandanus tectorius, Terminalia catappa, Thespesia populnea, Scaevola sericea, Tournefortia argentea, Vigna marina.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used as stabilizing tree land in coastal areas. For ornamental trees may be associated with such Burckella sp., Canarium sp., Cheekbones sp., Terminalia sp ..
Frcutele burned may be used against mosquitoes.
The oil derived from seeds is used for oil lamps. Can be used as massage oil or hair.
Oil of Calophyllum inophyllum can only use external (internally is dangerous), in treating rheumatism, ulcers, herpes and raie.
The seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum contain two important components in the fight against HIV that causes AIDS, and calanolida A calanoilida B. In vitro studies have shown that calanolida A and B inhibit HIV calanolida. They attach the enzyme that the virus needs to reproduce, so the virus is unable to reproduce.
A tree Calophyllum inophyllum can produce about 100 kg of fruit from which 18 kg of oil extractable.
Latex or leaf decoction is used for medicinal purposes.
The wood is red, moderately dense, difficult work.
Latex from the bark was used for poisoning rodents.
Not indicated plant Calophyllum inophyllum near buildings, because the root system.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - oil Calophyllum inophyllum been used in traditional medicine for healing.
Old from Tahiti consider tree Calophyllum inophyllum a sacred tree. In Tahiti tree is called 'you' and fruits 'tamanu'. Madagascar and Tahiti oil is more easily and more aromatic.
Trunchiu was used for building canoes.
Ahindra Nag - Biofuels Refining and Performance - McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008
Arthur W. Whistler - Tongan Herbal Medicine - University of Hawaii Press, 1993
Georges M. Halpern, Peter Weverka - The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar - Basic Health Publications, 2003
Jeanne Rose --
LR Goldfrank, Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Andrew Weil - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2006
Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, David A. Briscoe, Karina H. McInnes - A Primer of Conservation Genetics - Cambridge University Press, 2009
Robert Wilson - Aromatherapy: Essential Oils for Vibrant Health and Beauty - Avery Publishing Group, 2002
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Trees and shrubs
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .