Scientific name - Calophyllum inophyllum
Calophyllum comes from the Greek, means "beautiful leaf".
Synonyms - Balsamaria inophyllum (L.) Lour.
Popular names - Kaman, Alexandrian laurel, beach mahogany, beauty leaf, Bitaog, oil nut tree, btaches, daog, Dilo, EET, lueg, you Itai, undi.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in India, naturalized in Hawaii and the Pacific Islands, grows in coastal forests and beaches, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cimes of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long. Corola consisting of 4.8 petals, oblong, stamens many, ovary superior. Blooms in January-June. Drupe fruit spherical, 2-5 cm diameter, green unripe and yellow-brown at maturity. Each fruit contains a single seed, 2-4 cm diameter.
Growth rate - slowly. Grows about 1 m high on the year of the first years of life, if conditions are favorable, then the increase becomes slow. Young specimens begin flowering after 8 years.
Tolerances - 8 ͦ C minimum temperatures, a wide range of soils, limestone, clay, shallow and those with high salinity. In areas with spontaneous growth, tolerate 4-5 months of drought. Tolerate light shade. Not tolerate frost.
Requirements - sandy soil, well-drained, pH 7.4-4.0. ͦ optimal temperatures 18-33 C. Exhibitions sunny.
Management -- branches are clipped to 2-3 years.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are cleaned of flesh, it looks like in 6 cm diameter containers, keep in semi-shade in the first weeks, and after 1-2 months may be held in full sun. The seeds germinate slowly, after about 22-38 days if the crust breaks seed. Fresh seed germination rate is 90%. Germinate slowly if planted fruit whole. New seedlings are ready for transplanted after 20-24 days of germination. Plantulele be tempered in full sun before transplanting.
Diseases and pests - leaves are attacked by TRIPS. Bactrocera facialis, Hemiberlesia palmae, Lamenia caliginea, Leptynoptera sulfur, Trigonops inusitata.
Natural partners and Garden - Barringtonia asiatica, Canavalia sp., Casuarina equisetifolia, Cordia subcordata, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Ipomoea pes-caprae, Pandanus tectorius, Terminalia catappa, Thespesia populnea, Scaevola sericea, Tournefortia argentea, Vigna marina.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used as stabilizing tree land in coastal areas. For ornamental trees may be associated with such Burckella sp., Canarium sp., Cheekbones sp., Terminalia sp ..
Frcutele burned may be used against mosquitoes.
The oil derived from seeds is used for oil lamps. Can be used as massage oil or hair.
Oil of Calophyllum inophyllum can only use external (internally is dangerous), in treating rheumatism, ulcers, herpes and raie.
The seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum contain two important components in the fight against HIV that causes AIDS, and calanolida A calanoilida B. In vitro studies have shown that calanolida A and B inhibit HIV calanolida. They attach the enzyme that the virus needs to reproduce, so the virus is unable to reproduce.
A tree Calophyllum inophyllum can produce about 100 kg of fruit from which 18 kg of oil extractable.
Latex or leaf decoction is used for medicinal purposes.
The wood is red, moderately dense, difficult work.
Latex from the bark was used for poisoning rodents.
Not indicated plant Calophyllum inophyllum near buildings, because the root system.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - oil Calophyllum inophyllum been used in traditional medicine for healing.
Old from Tahiti consider tree Calophyllum inophyllum a sacred tree. In Tahiti tree is called 'you' and fruits 'tamanu'. Madagascar and Tahiti oil is more easily and more aromatic.
Trunchiu was used for building canoes.
Ahindra Nag - Biofuels Refining and Performance - McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008
Arthur W. Whistler - Tongan Herbal Medicine - University of Hawaii Press, 1993
Georges M. Halpern, Peter Weverka - The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar - Basic Health Publications, 2003
Jeanne Rose --
LR Goldfrank, Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Andrew Weil - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2006
Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, David A. Briscoe, Karina H. McInnes - A Primer of Conservation Genetics - Cambridge University Press, 2009
Robert Wilson - Aromatherapy: Essential Oils for Vibrant Health and Beauty - Avery Publishing Group, 2002
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Aloe vera Mill.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Glycine max - soybean
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Trees and shrubs
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.
Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.