Scientific name - Calophyllum inophyllum
Calophyllum comes from the Greek, means "beautiful leaf".
Synonyms - Balsamaria inophyllum (L.) Lour.
Popular names - Kaman, Alexandrian laurel, beach mahogany, beauty leaf, Bitaog, oil nut tree, btaches, daog, Dilo, EET, lueg, you Itai, undi.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in India, naturalized in Hawaii and the Pacific Islands, grows in coastal forests and beaches, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cimes of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long. Corola consisting of 4.8 petals, oblong, stamens many, ovary superior. Blooms in January-June. Drupe fruit spherical, 2-5 cm diameter, green unripe and yellow-brown at maturity. Each fruit contains a single seed, 2-4 cm diameter.
Growth rate - slowly. Grows about 1 m high on the year of the first years of life, if conditions are favorable, then the increase becomes slow. Young specimens begin flowering after 8 years.
Tolerances - 8 ͦ C minimum temperatures, a wide range of soils, limestone, clay, shallow and those with high salinity. In areas with spontaneous growth, tolerate 4-5 months of drought. Tolerate light shade. Not tolerate frost.
Requirements - sandy soil, well-drained, pH 7.4-4.0. ͦ optimal temperatures 18-33 C. Exhibitions sunny.
Management -- branches are clipped to 2-3 years.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are cleaned of flesh, it looks like in 6 cm diameter containers, keep in semi-shade in the first weeks, and after 1-2 months may be held in full sun. The seeds germinate slowly, after about 22-38 days if the crust breaks seed. Fresh seed germination rate is 90%. Germinate slowly if planted fruit whole. New seedlings are ready for transplanted after 20-24 days of germination. Plantulele be tempered in full sun before transplanting.
Diseases and pests - leaves are attacked by TRIPS. Bactrocera facialis, Hemiberlesia palmae, Lamenia caliginea, Leptynoptera sulfur, Trigonops inusitata.
Natural partners and Garden - Barringtonia asiatica, Canavalia sp., Casuarina equisetifolia, Cordia subcordata, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Ipomoea pes-caprae, Pandanus tectorius, Terminalia catappa, Thespesia populnea, Scaevola sericea, Tournefortia argentea, Vigna marina.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used as stabilizing tree land in coastal areas. For ornamental trees may be associated with such Burckella sp., Canarium sp., Cheekbones sp., Terminalia sp ..
Frcutele burned may be used against mosquitoes.
The oil derived from seeds is used for oil lamps. Can be used as massage oil or hair.
Oil of Calophyllum inophyllum can only use external (internally is dangerous), in treating rheumatism, ulcers, herpes and raie.
The seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum contain two important components in the fight against HIV that causes AIDS, and calanolida A calanoilida B. In vitro studies have shown that calanolida A and B inhibit HIV calanolida. They attach the enzyme that the virus needs to reproduce, so the virus is unable to reproduce.
A tree Calophyllum inophyllum can produce about 100 kg of fruit from which 18 kg of oil extractable.
Latex or leaf decoction is used for medicinal purposes.
The wood is red, moderately dense, difficult work.
Latex from the bark was used for poisoning rodents.
Not indicated plant Calophyllum inophyllum near buildings, because the root system.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - oil Calophyllum inophyllum been used in traditional medicine for healing.
Old from Tahiti consider tree Calophyllum inophyllum a sacred tree. In Tahiti tree is called 'you' and fruits 'tamanu'. Madagascar and Tahiti oil is more easily and more aromatic.
Trunchiu was used for building canoes.
Ahindra Nag - Biofuels Refining and Performance - McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008
Arthur W. Whistler - Tongan Herbal Medicine - University of Hawaii Press, 1993
Georges M. Halpern, Peter Weverka - The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar - Basic Health Publications, 2003
Jeanne Rose --
LR Goldfrank, Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Andrew Weil - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2006
Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, David A. Briscoe, Karina H. McInnes - A Primer of Conservation Genetics - Cambridge University Press, 2009
Robert Wilson - Aromatherapy: Essential Oils for Vibrant Health and Beauty - Avery Publishing Group, 2002
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Trees and shrubs
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Geranium pratense - beak stork
Herbaceous perennial, stems pubescent, erect, branched dichotomy. Leaves opposite, the parties to lobate-acute, 5-7 lobed, margin evening. Flowers symmetric radiator Corola blue-purple, 5 petals obovata, 2 cm, 5 sepa lanceolata, mucronata, ovary superior, 10 stamens united at the base. Blooms in June-August.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Viola x wittrockiana