Scientific name - Calophyllum inophyllum
Calophyllum comes from the Greek, means "beautiful leaf".
Synonyms - Balsamaria inophyllum (L.) Lour.
Popular names - Kaman, Alexandrian laurel, beach mahogany, beauty leaf, Bitaog, oil nut tree, btaches, daog, Dilo, EET, lueg, you Itai, undi.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in India, naturalized in Hawaii and the Pacific Islands, grows in coastal forests and beaches, up to 800 m altitude.
Description - tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cimes of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long. Corola consisting of 4.8 petals, oblong, stamens many, ovary superior. Blooms in January-June. Drupe fruit spherical, 2-5 cm diameter, green unripe and yellow-brown at maturity. Each fruit contains a single seed, 2-4 cm diameter.
Growth rate - slowly. Grows about 1 m high on the year of the first years of life, if conditions are favorable, then the increase becomes slow. Young specimens begin flowering after 8 years.
Tolerances - 8 ͦ C minimum temperatures, a wide range of soils, limestone, clay, shallow and those with high salinity. In areas with spontaneous growth, tolerate 4-5 months of drought. Tolerate light shade. Not tolerate frost.
Requirements - sandy soil, well-drained, pH 7.4-4.0. ͦ optimal temperatures 18-33 C. Exhibitions sunny.
Management -- branches are clipped to 2-3 years.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are cleaned of flesh, it looks like in 6 cm diameter containers, keep in semi-shade in the first weeks, and after 1-2 months may be held in full sun. The seeds germinate slowly, after about 22-38 days if the crust breaks seed. Fresh seed germination rate is 90%. Germinate slowly if planted fruit whole. New seedlings are ready for transplanted after 20-24 days of germination. Plantulele be tempered in full sun before transplanting.
Diseases and pests - leaves are attacked by TRIPS. Bactrocera facialis, Hemiberlesia palmae, Lamenia caliginea, Leptynoptera sulfur, Trigonops inusitata.
Natural partners and Garden - Barringtonia asiatica, Canavalia sp., Casuarina equisetifolia, Cordia subcordata, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Ipomoea pes-caprae, Pandanus tectorius, Terminalia catappa, Thespesia populnea, Scaevola sericea, Tournefortia argentea, Vigna marina.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used as stabilizing tree land in coastal areas. For ornamental trees may be associated with such Burckella sp., Canarium sp., Cheekbones sp., Terminalia sp ..
Frcutele burned may be used against mosquitoes.
The oil derived from seeds is used for oil lamps. Can be used as massage oil or hair.
Oil of Calophyllum inophyllum can only use external (internally is dangerous), in treating rheumatism, ulcers, herpes and raie.
The seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum contain two important components in the fight against HIV that causes AIDS, and calanolida A calanoilida B. In vitro studies have shown that calanolida A and B inhibit HIV calanolida. They attach the enzyme that the virus needs to reproduce, so the virus is unable to reproduce.
A tree Calophyllum inophyllum can produce about 100 kg of fruit from which 18 kg of oil extractable.
Latex or leaf decoction is used for medicinal purposes.
The wood is red, moderately dense, difficult work.
Latex from the bark was used for poisoning rodents.
Not indicated plant Calophyllum inophyllum near buildings, because the root system.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - oil Calophyllum inophyllum been used in traditional medicine for healing.
Old from Tahiti consider tree Calophyllum inophyllum a sacred tree. In Tahiti tree is called 'you' and fruits 'tamanu'. Madagascar and Tahiti oil is more easily and more aromatic.
Trunchiu was used for building canoes.
Ahindra Nag - Biofuels Refining and Performance - McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008
Arthur W. Whistler - Tongan Herbal Medicine - University of Hawaii Press, 1993
Georges M. Halpern, Peter Weverka - The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar - Basic Health Publications, 2003
Jeanne Rose --
LR Goldfrank, Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Andrew Weil - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2006
Richard Frankham, Jonathan D. Ballou, David A. Briscoe, Karina H. McInnes - A Primer of Conservation Genetics - Cambridge University Press, 2009
Robert Wilson - Aromatherapy: Essential Oils for Vibrant Health and Beauty - Avery Publishing Group, 2002
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Trees and shrubs
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Acta spicata - a species native to Europe and Asia, grows in mountain forests in beech forests from 400 to 1500 m altitude.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.