Scientific name - Caltha palustris
Popular names - farferugine, tows, American cowslip, horse BLOB, Marsh MARIGOLD, May, populage, water goggles, cabudula, are ye me, Caltha des Marais, Butterblume, kalushniza bolotnaja, hierba centella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet places, the water courses, marshes, from plain to 2500 m altitude, temperate Europe, Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, axillary sfinished, 2-7, 2,5-4 cm diameter, peduncle 2-5 cm. Sepa absent. Corola with 5.8 petals, yellow-gold. Yellow stamens, arranged in spiral. Blooms in March-June. Fruit follicles. 2n = 32. Pollination made by insects.
Caltha palustris subsp. palustris - recurbate follicles.
Caltha palustris subsp. alkaloids - recurbate follicles in S which are shrinking gradually to the top.
Requirements - grows well in full sun, but the shade, on moist soils rich in humus, pH 5.0 - 7.0.
Propagation - seeds need 2 years to produce flowering plants should be seeded immediately after maturation. The division is rizomulor every 3 years, early summer, after the entry into sleep.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis capillaries, Alchemilla glabra, Achillea ptarmica, Briza media, Centaurea nigra, Dactyllis glomerata, Festuca pratensis, Lathyrus pratensis, Lotus uliginosus, Lychnis flos-cuckoo, Pontedera cordata, Ranunculus sour, Ranunculs repens, Rhynchospora latifolia, oficinalis Sanguisorba, Senecio aquaticus.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba', white flowers; 'Flore Pleno', double flowers, 'Monstrosa plena'.
Properties and Uses - All parts of plant are poisonous couples.
The root is considered poisonous.
Other species of Caltha --
Caltha biflora - originally from Alaska and southern California and Colorado. Yellow flowers, two on a stem.
Caltha howellii (synonym C. leptosepala subsp. Howellii) - flowers with white petals and stamina galbne. Originally from southern Oregon and California.
Caltha leptosepala - oblong leaves, white flowers, 25 cm height.
Caltha natans - aquatic species, with stems and leaves all Immer water. Grow in the shade in waters 10-15 cm deep, on acid soils.
C. Burrell - The Shady Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Donald Leopold - Native Plants of the Northeast - Timber Press, 2005
Jo Ann Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Narayan P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar - Plants and People of Nepal - Timber Press, 2002
Viola x wittrockiana
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.