Scientific name - Caltha palustris
Popular names - farferugine, tows, American cowslip, horse BLOB, Marsh MARIGOLD, May, populage, water goggles, cabudula, are ye me, Caltha des Marais, Butterblume, kalushniza bolotnaja, hierba centella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet places, the water courses, marshes, from plain to 2500 m altitude, temperate Europe, Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, axillary sfinished, 2-7, 2,5-4 cm diameter, peduncle 2-5 cm. Sepa absent. Corola with 5.8 petals, yellow-gold. Yellow stamens, arranged in spiral. Blooms in March-June. Fruit follicles. 2n = 32. Pollination made by insects.
Caltha palustris subsp. palustris - recurbate follicles.
Caltha palustris subsp. alkaloids - recurbate follicles in S which are shrinking gradually to the top.
Requirements - grows well in full sun, but the shade, on moist soils rich in humus, pH 5.0 - 7.0.
Propagation - seeds need 2 years to produce flowering plants should be seeded immediately after maturation. The division is rizomulor every 3 years, early summer, after the entry into sleep.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis capillaries, Alchemilla glabra, Achillea ptarmica, Briza media, Centaurea nigra, Dactyllis glomerata, Festuca pratensis, Lathyrus pratensis, Lotus uliginosus, Lychnis flos-cuckoo, Pontedera cordata, Ranunculus sour, Ranunculs repens, Rhynchospora latifolia, oficinalis Sanguisorba, Senecio aquaticus.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba', white flowers; 'Flore Pleno', double flowers, 'Monstrosa plena'.
Properties and Uses - All parts of plant are poisonous couples.
The root is considered poisonous.
Other species of Caltha --
Caltha biflora - originally from Alaska and southern California and Colorado. Yellow flowers, two on a stem.
Caltha howellii (synonym C. leptosepala subsp. Howellii) - flowers with white petals and stamina galbne. Originally from southern Oregon and California.
Caltha leptosepala - oblong leaves, white flowers, 25 cm height.
Caltha natans - aquatic species, with stems and leaves all Immer water. Grow in the shade in waters 10-15 cm deep, on acid soils.
C. Burrell - The Shady Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Donald Leopold - Native Plants of the Northeast - Timber Press, 2005
Jo Ann Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Narayan P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar - Plants and People of Nepal - Timber Press, 2002
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.