Scientific name - Caltha palustris
Popular names - farferugine, tows, American cowslip, horse BLOB, Marsh MARIGOLD, May, populage, water goggles, cabudula, are ye me, Caltha des Marais, Butterblume, kalushniza bolotnaja, hierba centella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet places, the water courses, marshes, from plain to 2500 m altitude, temperate Europe, Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, axillary sfinished, 2-7, 2,5-4 cm diameter, peduncle 2-5 cm. Sepa absent. Corola with 5.8 petals, yellow-gold. Yellow stamens, arranged in spiral. Blooms in March-June. Fruit follicles. 2n = 32. Pollination made by insects.
Caltha palustris subsp. palustris - recurbate follicles.
Caltha palustris subsp. alkaloids - recurbate follicles in S which are shrinking gradually to the top.
Requirements - grows well in full sun, but the shade, on moist soils rich in humus, pH 5.0 - 7.0.
Propagation - seeds need 2 years to produce flowering plants should be seeded immediately after maturation. The division is rizomulor every 3 years, early summer, after the entry into sleep.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis capillaries, Alchemilla glabra, Achillea ptarmica, Briza media, Centaurea nigra, Dactyllis glomerata, Festuca pratensis, Lathyrus pratensis, Lotus uliginosus, Lychnis flos-cuckoo, Pontedera cordata, Ranunculus sour, Ranunculs repens, Rhynchospora latifolia, oficinalis Sanguisorba, Senecio aquaticus.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba', white flowers; 'Flore Pleno', double flowers, 'Monstrosa plena'.
Properties and Uses - All parts of plant are poisonous couples.
The root is considered poisonous.
Other species of Caltha --
Caltha biflora - originally from Alaska and southern California and Colorado. Yellow flowers, two on a stem.
Caltha howellii (synonym C. leptosepala subsp. Howellii) - flowers with white petals and stamina galbne. Originally from southern Oregon and California.
Caltha leptosepala - oblong leaves, white flowers, 25 cm height.
Caltha natans - aquatic species, with stems and leaves all Immer water. Grow in the shade in waters 10-15 cm deep, on acid soils.
C. Burrell - The Shady Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Donald Leopold - Native Plants of the Northeast - Timber Press, 2005
Jo Ann Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Narayan P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar - Plants and People of Nepal - Timber Press, 2002
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.