Scientific name - Caltha palustris
Popular names - farferugine, tows, American cowslip, horse BLOB, Marsh MARIGOLD, May, populage, water goggles, cabudula, are ye me, Caltha des Marais, Butterblume, kalushniza bolotnaja, hierba centella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows on wet places, the water courses, marshes, from plain to 2500 m altitude, temperate Europe, Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary, axillary sfinished, 2-7, 2,5-4 cm diameter, peduncle 2-5 cm. Sepa absent. Corola with 5.8 petals, yellow-gold. Yellow stamens, arranged in spiral. Blooms in March-June. Fruit follicles. 2n = 32. Pollination made by insects.
Caltha palustris subsp. palustris - recurbate follicles.
Caltha palustris subsp. alkaloids - recurbate follicles in S which are shrinking gradually to the top.
Requirements - grows well in full sun, but the shade, on moist soils rich in humus, pH 5.0 - 7.0.
Propagation - seeds need 2 years to produce flowering plants should be seeded immediately after maturation. The division is rizomulor every 3 years, early summer, after the entry into sleep.
Natural partners and Garden - Agrostis stolonifera, Agrostis capillaries, Alchemilla glabra, Achillea ptarmica, Briza media, Centaurea nigra, Dactyllis glomerata, Festuca pratensis, Lathyrus pratensis, Lotus uliginosus, Lychnis flos-cuckoo, Pontedera cordata, Ranunculus sour, Ranunculs repens, Rhynchospora latifolia, oficinalis Sanguisorba, Senecio aquaticus.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba', white flowers; 'Flore Pleno', double flowers, 'Monstrosa plena'.
Properties and Uses - All parts of plant are poisonous couples.
The root is considered poisonous.
Other species of Caltha --
Caltha biflora - originally from Alaska and southern California and Colorado. Yellow flowers, two on a stem.
Caltha howellii (synonym C. leptosepala subsp. Howellii) - flowers with white petals and stamina galbne. Originally from southern Oregon and California.
Caltha leptosepala - oblong leaves, white flowers, 25 cm height.
Caltha natans - aquatic species, with stems and leaves all Immer water. Grow in the shade in waters 10-15 cm deep, on acid soils.
C. Burrell - The Shady Border - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2002
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Donald Leopold - Native Plants of the Northeast - Timber Press, 2005
Jo Ann Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Narayan P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar - Plants and People of Nepal - Timber Press, 2002
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.