Scientific name - Calycanthus floridus L.
'floridus' refers to area of origin, Florida.
Popular names - sweetshrub, Carolina Allspice.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in south-eastern USA, from Virginia to Florida lìin, grows in wet woods, along water courses.
Description - shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa. Flowers bisexual, solitary, 5 cm in diameter, petals red-brown to cherryii, 10-20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, 5-6.5 cm long, fragrant, brown or red-brown. Seeds ellipsoidal or oblong-winged obovoide hairy, 7.5-9.5 x 3.5-5 mm, surface smooth or hairy, wrinkled, dark brown. 2n = 22, 24, 33.
Growth rate - slow - moderate.
Tolerances - shadow, floods. Sensitive to drought. Not tolerate salinity.
Requirements - - prefer soils with pH 6.1-7.5, moist, well-drained, exhibitions in full sun or semi-shady.
Management - maintenance skims only if absolutely necessary.
Propagation - by root cuttings and seeds. Seeds is sown soon after ripening or fall in the shade, is stratify 3 months before sowing. The cuttings root spring.
Diseases and pests - Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora loose, Nectria cinnabarIna Physalospora obtusa. Parties concerned are clipped and burned.
Natural partners and Garden - Liriodendron tulipifera, Tilia, Magnolia acuminata, Quercus rubra, Rhododendron calendulaceum, Kalma latifolia, Clethra acuminata, Linder benzoin.
Cultivars - 'Athens' very fragrant yellow flowers, 'Edith Wilder' dark green leaves, yellow flowers, 'Purpureus' purple leaves.
Properties and Uses - the seeds are poisonous.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Gary L. Highshoe - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America - Wiley, 1987
Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Ph. D. - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2007
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple, 2009
PAshkali P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Pinus coulteri D. Don
Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.
Rosa 'American Pillar'
Rambler, 4-6 x 3 m. The simple flowers grouped in bouquets of flowers or solitary, 5-20, 5-6 cm diameter, red-fuchsia, deep red with a white spot in center, yellow anthers are visible. Leaves dark green, shiny, becoming purple before falling. Bloom once a year in June-July.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.