Scientific name - Calycanthus floridus L.
'floridus' refers to area of origin, Florida.
Popular names - sweetshrub, Carolina Allspice.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in south-eastern USA, from Virginia to Florida lìin, grows in wet woods, along water courses.
Description - shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa. Flowers bisexual, solitary, 5 cm in diameter, petals red-brown to cherryii, 10-20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, 5-6.5 cm long, fragrant, brown or red-brown. Seeds ellipsoidal or oblong-winged obovoide hairy, 7.5-9.5 x 3.5-5 mm, surface smooth or hairy, wrinkled, dark brown. 2n = 22, 24, 33.
Growth rate - slow - moderate.
Tolerances - shadow, floods. Sensitive to drought. Not tolerate salinity.
Requirements - - prefer soils with pH 6.1-7.5, moist, well-drained, exhibitions in full sun or semi-shady.
Management - maintenance skims only if absolutely necessary.
Propagation - by root cuttings and seeds. Seeds is sown soon after ripening or fall in the shade, is stratify 3 months before sowing. The cuttings root spring.
Diseases and pests - Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora loose, Nectria cinnabarIna Physalospora obtusa. Parties concerned are clipped and burned.
Natural partners and Garden - Liriodendron tulipifera, Tilia, Magnolia acuminata, Quercus rubra, Rhododendron calendulaceum, Kalma latifolia, Clethra acuminata, Linder benzoin.
Cultivars - 'Athens' very fragrant yellow flowers, 'Edith Wilder' dark green leaves, yellow flowers, 'Purpureus' purple leaves.
Properties and Uses - the seeds are poisonous.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Gary L. Highshoe - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America - Wiley, 1987
Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Ph. D. - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2007
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple, 2009
PAshkali P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Genus Edgeworth is named in memory of botanist Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812-1881).
Edgeworth chrysantha deciduu is a shrub, of 1,8-2,4 m tall, native of China, Himalayas, naturalized in Chugoku. Foxy stalk. Leaves arranged alternate, short stalks or Sesi, language: lanceolata, acuminata top, edge entire, base cuneata; 8-20/3-5 cm.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.