Scientific name - Calycanthus floridus L.
'floridus' refers to area of origin, Florida.
Popular names - sweetshrub, Carolina Allspice.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in south-eastern USA, from Virginia to Florida lìin, grows in wet woods, along water courses.
Description - shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa. Flowers bisexual, solitary, 5 cm in diameter, petals red-brown to cherryii, 10-20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, 5-6.5 cm long, fragrant, brown or red-brown. Seeds ellipsoidal or oblong-winged obovoide hairy, 7.5-9.5 x 3.5-5 mm, surface smooth or hairy, wrinkled, dark brown. 2n = 22, 24, 33.
Growth rate - slow - moderate.
Tolerances - shadow, floods. Sensitive to drought. Not tolerate salinity.
Requirements - - prefer soils with pH 6.1-7.5, moist, well-drained, exhibitions in full sun or semi-shady.
Management - maintenance skims only if absolutely necessary.
Propagation - by root cuttings and seeds. Seeds is sown soon after ripening or fall in the shade, is stratify 3 months before sowing. The cuttings root spring.
Diseases and pests - Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora loose, Nectria cinnabarIna Physalospora obtusa. Parties concerned are clipped and burned.
Natural partners and Garden - Liriodendron tulipifera, Tilia, Magnolia acuminata, Quercus rubra, Rhododendron calendulaceum, Kalma latifolia, Clethra acuminata, Linder benzoin.
Cultivars - 'Athens' very fragrant yellow flowers, 'Edith Wilder' dark green leaves, yellow flowers, 'Purpureus' purple leaves.
Properties and Uses - the seeds are poisonous.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Gary L. Highshoe - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America - Wiley, 1987
Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Ph. D. - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2007
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple, 2009
PAshkali P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Bellium artrutxensis sp.nov. Balearic Islands