Scientific name - Calycanthus floridus L.
'floridus' refers to area of origin, Florida.
Popular names - sweetshrub, Carolina Allspice.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in south-eastern USA, from Virginia to Florida lìin, grows in wet woods, along water courses.
Description - shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa. Flowers bisexual, solitary, 5 cm in diameter, petals red-brown to cherryii, 10-20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, 5-6.5 cm long, fragrant, brown or red-brown. Seeds ellipsoidal or oblong-winged obovoide hairy, 7.5-9.5 x 3.5-5 mm, surface smooth or hairy, wrinkled, dark brown. 2n = 22, 24, 33.
Growth rate - slow - moderate.
Tolerances - shadow, floods. Sensitive to drought. Not tolerate salinity.
Requirements - - prefer soils with pH 6.1-7.5, moist, well-drained, exhibitions in full sun or semi-shady.
Management - maintenance skims only if absolutely necessary.
Propagation - by root cuttings and seeds. Seeds is sown soon after ripening or fall in the shade, is stratify 3 months before sowing. The cuttings root spring.
Diseases and pests - Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora loose, Nectria cinnabarIna Physalospora obtusa. Parties concerned are clipped and burned.
Natural partners and Garden - Liriodendron tulipifera, Tilia, Magnolia acuminata, Quercus rubra, Rhododendron calendulaceum, Kalma latifolia, Clethra acuminata, Linder benzoin.
Cultivars - 'Athens' very fragrant yellow flowers, 'Edith Wilder' dark green leaves, yellow flowers, 'Purpureus' purple leaves.
Properties and Uses - the seeds are poisonous.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Gary L. Highshoe - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America - Wiley, 1987
Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Ph. D. - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2007
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple, 2009
PAshkali P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree
Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Pelargonium australe - Muscat
Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.