20
May
2009
Calycanthus floridus L.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
2
0

Scientific name - Calycanthus floridus L.

'floridus' refers to area of origin, Florida.

Synonyms --

Popular names - sweetshrub, Carolina Allspice.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in south-eastern USA, from Virginia to Florida lìin, grows in wet woods, along water courses.

Description - shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa. Flowers bisexual, solitary, 5 cm in diameter, petals red-brown to cherryii, 10-20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit capsule, 5-6.5 cm long, fragrant, brown or red-brown. Seeds ellipsoidal or oblong-winged obovoide hairy, 7.5-9.5 x 3.5-5 mm, surface smooth or hairy, wrinkled, dark brown. 2n = 22, 24, 33.

Growth rate - slow - moderate.

Tolerances - shadow, floods. Sensitive to drought. Not tolerate salinity.

Requirements - - prefer soils with pH 6.1-7.5, moist, well-drained, exhibitions in full sun or semi-shady.

Management - maintenance skims only if absolutely necessary.

Propagation - by root cuttings and seeds. Seeds is sown soon after ripening or fall in the shade, is stratify 3 months before sowing. The cuttings root spring.

Diseases and pests - Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Cytospora loose, Nectria cinnabarIna Physalospora obtusa. Parties concerned are clipped and burned.

Natural partners and Garden - Liriodendron tulipifera, Tilia, Magnolia acuminata, Quercus rubra, Rhododendron calendulaceum, Kalma latifolia, Clethra acuminata, Linder benzoin.

Cultivars - 'Athens' very fragrant yellow flowers, 'Edith Wilder' dark green leaves, yellow flowers, 'Purpureus' purple leaves.

Properties and Uses - the seeds are poisonous.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Gary L. Highshoe - Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America - Wiley, 1987

Lewis S. Nelson, Richard D. Shih, Michael J. Balick, Ph. D. - Handbook of Poisonous and injurious plants - Springer, 2007

Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple, 2009

PAshkali P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978

Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007

William Cullina - Native Trees, Shrubs and Vines - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002

 

shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
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