Scientific Name– Camellia japonica L.
The Generic name is given in honor of a botanist George Jesef Kamel (1661-1706).
Synonim– Thea japonica (L.) Noiss
Common name(s)– camellia, Kamelia, Camelia, Japanese rose.
Distribution and Habitat– native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China.
Description– evergreen tree or shrub, up to 15 m tall; richly branced. Leaves alternate, simple, shortly stalked; blade broadly elliptic, glabrous, 7.5-12 cm long x 3-7 cm wide, shortly tapering, 6-8 veins visible but not proeminent; upper side dark green, glossy, underside pal green; margin serrate. Flowers terminal, solitary, sessile, 7-15 cm diameter, white, red; sepals 5; petals 5-6 in wild specimens; stamens numerous; ovary superior, trilocular, glabrous. Fruit capsule, 4-5 cm diameter, with 1-2 seed per locule. Seed dark brown, 2.5 cm long.
Tolerances– not only tolerate but also prefer temperatures between 5-9 °C. Is a calcifuge genus, adapted to acidic soils.
Requirements– prefer slightly acid, humus rich soil with good drainage, and protection from direct sun and strong winds.
Management– mulcing is necessary for best performance. Irrigation may be needed during prolonged dry periods.
Propagation– by cuttings, but rooting can be difficult.
Pest and Diseases–
Cultivars– ‘Nobilissima’ is the first camellia to flower, its blooms are inevitably damaged by late frosts.
‘Debutante’ is a fast-growing, vigorous, form with pale pink flowers.
‘Alba Plena’ snow-white flowers.
Properties and Uses–
Curiosity– evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Trees and shrubs
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Abies concolor Lindl.
Silver tree - evergreen tree, used for ornamental purposes, because the pyramid shape of the crown, the colorii leaves and frost resistance. The name 'concolor' refers to the fact that leaves have the same color on both sides.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval