05
Jun
2010
Campsis radicans
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
3
0

Scientific Name - Campsis radicans (L.) seem.

Synonyms - Bignonia radicans, Tecoma radicans.

Popular names - common Trumpet Creeper, trumpetvine

Distribution and Habitat - originating in southern USA.

Description - vine, by 10 m long. Stem round in section, stalk brown, smooth. Leaves opposite, imparipenate, 7-15 leaflets, leaflets ovata, 3-5 x 1-3 cm, margins fine-toothed, green. Ovoid flower buds, red-orange. Flowers arranged in bouquets from axil branches, 5-20 flowers tubular, 6-8 cm long with five united petals, orange to red, calyx 1.5-2 cm red-orange. Blooms in June-October. Fruit capsule, 10-18 x 2-3 cm, green.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - partial-shade, but less blooms.

Demands - land rich humus. and permeable, sunny place.

Management - at the end of winter to cut the branches of a year to 2-3 buds and branches damaged by frost.

Propagation - by green seedlings, late summer.

Cultivars - 'flava' with yellow flowers.

'Minnesota Red' with purple flowers.

Properties and Uses - is often used as ornamental species, grown near the walls and trellises.

Curiosity - due to large capacity to adapt to any type of soil, this species can become invasive. An alternative for this species would be Campsis grandiflora, which grows more slowly.

Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with Tecoma radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.

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