Scientific name - Cananga odorata
Popular names - canang odorant, derangerang, ilahnglahng, Ilanga-Ilanga, pure-n-wai, moso'oi, lanalana, makosoi, Mutu, Moto pwalang, pwanang, ylang ylang, perfume tree.
Distribution and Habitat - Common tree in Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia, where the nursery up to 800 m altitude plains.
Description - evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute. Umbele axillary inflorescences, containing 4.12 Fragrant flowers, green-yellow at first then yellow-brown. 3 sepa, 6 petals, linear chainZeolite, 4-8 cm long. Fruit dark green, black at maturity, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small seeds (2-12/fruct), ovoid, brown-opened.
Cananga odorata var. Genuine, Cananga odorata var. macrophylla.
Growth rate - faster, can reach up to 2 m per year.
Tolerances - and temporarily flooded shallow soil, drought. Minimum temperatures are incurred to 5 ˚ C Not tolerate high salinity and alkaline soils. Tolerate moderate shade.
Requirements - prefer light and medium texture soils, fertile, well-drained, pH 4.5-8.0, in full sun, temperatures of 18-28 ˚ C.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. The seeds are cleaned thoroughly, providing treatment with hot water to stimulate germination and, is alike in containers or directly into the soil 2-3 inches deep. Fresh seed germination is irregular, the seeds that have more than 6-12 months germinate better. When new plants are 20-30 cm tall, you can replant in place permanently, at distances of 6 x 6 m.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - may also be used for ornamental purposes, in line street, but be trimmed regularly.
Bark has laxative properties.
In Java, dried flowers are used against malaria, and fresh flowers are used in a paste to treat asthma.
Oil Cananga odorata is used in cases of depression, high blood pressure, anxiety, and as aphrodisiac. The oil is used and mixed with coconut oil, Macassar oil, and used for enriching hair.
Cananga oil is used in perfuming soap, detergents, creams, lotions and perfumes.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Baby P. Skar, PP Joy, Samuel Mathew, Gracy Mathew, ANCY Joseph Regina Joseph - Aromatic Plants - New India Publishing Agency, 2007
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Therapists - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006
James A. Duke, Judith L. duCellier - CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops - CRC, 1993
Jamie Wood - The Wicca Herbal - Celestial Arts, 2003
Jeffrey B. Harborne, Herbert Baxter - Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants - Willey Blackwell, 2001
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Areca catechu L.
Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.
Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.