19
May
2009
Cananga odorata
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Cananga odorata

Synonyms --

Popular names - canang odorant, derangerang, ilahnglahng, Ilanga-Ilanga, pure-n-wai, moso'oi, lanalana, makosoi, Mutu, Moto pwalang, pwanang, ylang ylang, perfume tree.

Distribution and Habitat - Common tree in Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia, where the nursery up to 800 m altitude plains.

Description - evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute. Umbele axillary inflorescences, containing 4.12 Fragrant flowers, green-yellow at first then yellow-brown. 3 sepa, 6 petals, linear chainZeolite, 4-8 cm long. Fruit dark green, black at maturity, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small seeds (2-12/fruct), ovoid, brown-opened.

Cananga odorata var. Genuine, Cananga odorata var. macrophylla.

Growth rate - faster, can reach up to 2 m per year.

Tolerances - and temporarily flooded shallow soil, drought. Minimum temperatures are incurred to 5 ˚ C Not tolerate high salinity and alkaline soils. Tolerate moderate shade.

Requirements - prefer light and medium texture soils, fertile, well-drained, pH 4.5-8.0, in full sun, temperatures of 18-28 ˚ C.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. The seeds are cleaned thoroughly, providing treatment with hot water to stimulate germination and, is alike in containers or directly into the soil 2-3 inches deep. Fresh seed germination is irregular, the seeds that have more than 6-12 months germinate better. When new plants are 20-30 cm tall, you can replant in place permanently, at distances of 6 x 6 m.

Diseases and pests --

Natural partners and Garden - Areca catechu, Leucaena leucocephala, Spathodea campanulata.

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Uses - may also be used for ornamental purposes, in line street, but be trimmed regularly.

Bark has laxative properties.

In Java, dried flowers are used against malaria, and fresh flowers are used in a paste to treat asthma.

Oil Cananga odorata is used in cases of depression, high blood pressure, anxiety, and as aphrodisiac. The oil is used and mixed with coconut oil, Macassar oil, and used for enriching hair.

Cananga oil is used in perfuming soap, detergents, creams, lotions and perfumes.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Baby P. Skar, PP Joy, Samuel Mathew, Gracy Mathew, ANCY Joseph Regina Joseph - Aromatic Plants - New India Publishing Agency, 2007

Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Therapists - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006

James A. Duke, Judith L. duCellier - CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops - CRC, 1993

Jamie Wood - The Wicca Herbal - Celestial Arts, 2003

Jeffrey B. Harborne, Herbert Baxter - Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants - Willey Blackwell, 2001

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000

See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Ostrya carpinifolia

Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.

Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.

 
Cutter paniculata L.

Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent

 
Pinus coulteri D. Don

Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.

 
Camellia japonica

Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.

 
Quercus serrata

Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.

 
Magnoliopsida
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958

Corryocactus is a genus of cacti native of western South America, with strong columnare strains. Flowers are bell shaped. Fruit large overall, with thorns, edible.

 
Pachira aquatica

Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.

The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.

 
Luffa cylindrica

Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.

 
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia

Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.

 
Aglaia odorata

Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links