Scientific name - Cananga odorata
Popular names - canang odorant, derangerang, ilahnglahng, Ilanga-Ilanga, pure-n-wai, moso'oi, lanalana, makosoi, Mutu, Moto pwalang, pwanang, ylang ylang, perfume tree.
Distribution and Habitat - Common tree in Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia, where the nursery up to 800 m altitude plains.
Description - evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute. Umbele axillary inflorescences, containing 4.12 Fragrant flowers, green-yellow at first then yellow-brown. 3 sepa, 6 petals, linear chainZeolite, 4-8 cm long. Fruit dark green, black at maturity, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small seeds (2-12/fruct), ovoid, brown-opened.
Cananga odorata var. Genuine, Cananga odorata var. macrophylla.
Growth rate - faster, can reach up to 2 m per year.
Tolerances - and temporarily flooded shallow soil, drought. Minimum temperatures are incurred to 5 ˚ C Not tolerate high salinity and alkaline soils. Tolerate moderate shade.
Requirements - prefer light and medium texture soils, fertile, well-drained, pH 4.5-8.0, in full sun, temperatures of 18-28 ˚ C.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. The seeds are cleaned thoroughly, providing treatment with hot water to stimulate germination and, is alike in containers or directly into the soil 2-3 inches deep. Fresh seed germination is irregular, the seeds that have more than 6-12 months germinate better. When new plants are 20-30 cm tall, you can replant in place permanently, at distances of 6 x 6 m.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - may also be used for ornamental purposes, in line street, but be trimmed regularly.
Bark has laxative properties.
In Java, dried flowers are used against malaria, and fresh flowers are used in a paste to treat asthma.
Oil Cananga odorata is used in cases of depression, high blood pressure, anxiety, and as aphrodisiac. The oil is used and mixed with coconut oil, Macassar oil, and used for enriching hair.
Cananga oil is used in perfuming soap, detergents, creams, lotions and perfumes.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Baby P. Skar, PP Joy, Samuel Mathew, Gracy Mathew, ANCY Joseph Regina Joseph - Aromatic Plants - New India Publishing Agency, 2007
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Therapists - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006
James A. Duke, Judith L. duCellier - CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops - CRC, 1993
Jamie Wood - The Wicca Herbal - Celestial Arts, 2003
Jeffrey B. Harborne, Herbert Baxter - Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants - Willey Blackwell, 2001
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Glycine max - soybean
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.