19
May
2009
Cananga odorata
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Cananga odorata

Synonyms --

Popular names - canang odorant, derangerang, ilahnglahng, Ilanga-Ilanga, pure-n-wai, moso'oi, lanalana, makosoi, Mutu, Moto pwalang, pwanang, ylang ylang, perfume tree.

Distribution and Habitat - Common tree in Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia, where the nursery up to 800 m altitude plains.

Description - evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute. Umbele axillary inflorescences, containing 4.12 Fragrant flowers, green-yellow at first then yellow-brown. 3 sepa, 6 petals, linear chainZeolite, 4-8 cm long. Fruit dark green, black at maturity, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small seeds (2-12/fruct), ovoid, brown-opened.

Cananga odorata var. Genuine, Cananga odorata var. macrophylla.

Growth rate - faster, can reach up to 2 m per year.

Tolerances - and temporarily flooded shallow soil, drought. Minimum temperatures are incurred to 5 ˚ C Not tolerate high salinity and alkaline soils. Tolerate moderate shade.

Requirements - prefer light and medium texture soils, fertile, well-drained, pH 4.5-8.0, in full sun, temperatures of 18-28 ˚ C.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. The seeds are cleaned thoroughly, providing treatment with hot water to stimulate germination and, is alike in containers or directly into the soil 2-3 inches deep. Fresh seed germination is irregular, the seeds that have more than 6-12 months germinate better. When new plants are 20-30 cm tall, you can replant in place permanently, at distances of 6 x 6 m.

Diseases and pests --

Natural partners and Garden - Areca catechu, Leucaena leucocephala, Spathodea campanulata.

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Uses - may also be used for ornamental purposes, in line street, but be trimmed regularly.

Bark has laxative properties.

In Java, dried flowers are used against malaria, and fresh flowers are used in a paste to treat asthma.

Oil Cananga odorata is used in cases of depression, high blood pressure, anxiety, and as aphrodisiac. The oil is used and mixed with coconut oil, Macassar oil, and used for enriching hair.

Cananga oil is used in perfuming soap, detergents, creams, lotions and perfumes.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Baby P. Skar, PP Joy, Samuel Mathew, Gracy Mathew, ANCY Joseph Regina Joseph - Aromatic Plants - New India Publishing Agency, 2007

Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Therapists - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006

James A. Duke, Judith L. duCellier - CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops - CRC, 1993

Jamie Wood - The Wicca Herbal - Celestial Arts, 2003

Jeffrey B. Harborne, Herbert Baxter - Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants - Willey Blackwell, 2001

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000

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