Scientific name - Cananga odorata
Popular names - canang odorant, derangerang, ilahnglahng, Ilanga-Ilanga, pure-n-wai, moso'oi, lanalana, makosoi, Mutu, Moto pwalang, pwanang, ylang ylang, perfume tree.
Distribution and Habitat - Common tree in Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia, where the nursery up to 800 m altitude plains.
Description - evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute. Umbele axillary inflorescences, containing 4.12 Fragrant flowers, green-yellow at first then yellow-brown. 3 sepa, 6 petals, linear chainZeolite, 4-8 cm long. Fruit dark green, black at maturity, 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small seeds (2-12/fruct), ovoid, brown-opened.
Cananga odorata var. Genuine, Cananga odorata var. macrophylla.
Growth rate - faster, can reach up to 2 m per year.
Tolerances - and temporarily flooded shallow soil, drought. Minimum temperatures are incurred to 5 ˚ C Not tolerate high salinity and alkaline soils. Tolerate moderate shade.
Requirements - prefer light and medium texture soils, fertile, well-drained, pH 4.5-8.0, in full sun, temperatures of 18-28 ˚ C.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. The seeds are cleaned thoroughly, providing treatment with hot water to stimulate germination and, is alike in containers or directly into the soil 2-3 inches deep. Fresh seed germination is irregular, the seeds that have more than 6-12 months germinate better. When new plants are 20-30 cm tall, you can replant in place permanently, at distances of 6 x 6 m.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - may also be used for ornamental purposes, in line street, but be trimmed regularly.
Bark has laxative properties.
In Java, dried flowers are used against malaria, and fresh flowers are used in a paste to treat asthma.
Oil Cananga odorata is used in cases of depression, high blood pressure, anxiety, and as aphrodisiac. The oil is used and mixed with coconut oil, Macassar oil, and used for enriching hair.
Cananga oil is used in perfuming soap, detergents, creams, lotions and perfumes.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Baby P. Skar, PP Joy, Samuel Mathew, Gracy Mathew, ANCY Joseph Regina Joseph - Aromatic Plants - New India Publishing Agency, 2007
Ingrid Martin - Aromatherapy for Massage Therapists - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006
James A. Duke, Judith L. duCellier - CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops - CRC, 1993
Jamie Wood - The Wicca Herbal - Celestial Arts, 2003
Jeffrey B. Harborne, Herbert Baxter - Chemical Dictionary of Economic Plants - Willey Blackwell, 2001
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
W. Arthur Whistler - Tropical Ornamentals - Timber Press, 2000
Trees and shrubs
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.