Scientific name - Capparis spinosa L.
Synonyms - Capparis aegyptia, Capparis mariana, Capparis ovata.
Popular names - Tapani, cappero, Kapara, Kapers, capers, caperbush, torkav kappar, kapris, Capresse, Echter Kapernstrauch, Kiara, melada, kapersy, Kaprovec,
Distribution and Habitat - subtraturi limestone grows spontaneously on the Mediterranean Sea basin. Species xerophytes.
Description - undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color. Blooms in May-October. Fruit capsule oval-oblunga, green, and itthe mature red. Reniforme seeds, black or yellow, 1-2 mm. 2n = 38.
Pollination is done by Xylocopa valga, Hers convolvuli, Halictus sp., Apis mellifera.
Tolerances - tolerate drought, sun. Supports above (40 ˚ C) and the up to (-8 ˚ C).
Requirements - grows well in areas with sediments above 350 mm / year. Grows well on poor soils, well drained.
Maintenance - is transplanteaza winter or spring. In the first year after planting the plants to mulch with stone. For two-third watering after well established plant needs soil with good drainage and very little water in summer. The nitrogen in the absence fertilizeaza autumn rains. Maintenance trimming is made in November-December, but not shear until after two years.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings. Cuttings are taken in summer, 7 to 10 cm of stem lignificata, shallrooted in the substrate composed of peat and sand. To promote root stimulator may be used for rooting.
Propagation by seeds, the germ is 5-10% may look like in December-January, in pots with peat and sand; vessels are held in the greenhouse in winter and autumn, outdoors in summer. In successive rpimavara can replant new seedlings in the field.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Aculeata', 'Nocellana', 'Tondino', C. s. var. aegyptia, C. s. var. canescens, C. s. var. inermis, C. s. var. Mariana, C. s. var. rupestris.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium sp., Albugo capparidis, Aschochypta capparidis, Camarosporium suseganense, Phoma capparidina, Phyllosticta capparidis, Septoria capparidis, Asphondylia Capparis (attack flower buds), Cydia capparidana, Meloidogyne sp ..
Properties and Uses - bark of the roots and bobofloriferi sized properties appetizers, digestive, diuretic.
Root bark is harvested when the plant is dormant, September-October or March, are dried in the sun and preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Floriferi buds are collected by hand, in April-July, on sunny days, are used fresh.
Internal use to stimulate digestive functions is a decoction of bark from 1.5 g of roots in 100 ml water. Drink one cup a day, morning.
External use for hemorrhoids and that the protection of blood vessels, is a tincture of 10 g Vinoasă root bark in 100 ml olive oil, place it soak for 10 days. It compresses the areas concerned.
Buds are used in floriferi fresh skin bleaching cosmetics that inroseste easy, and dilated capillaries. It compresses the infusion of flowers or fruit pulp.
Floriferi buds can also be used in kitchen, if recerva in vinegar or salt to flavor meat, fish or pasta.
Fruit preserved in salt, vinegar or oil used for seasoning fish or salads.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.
Trees and shrubs
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Dalechampia spathulata is a shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Most species belonging to the genus Dalechampia multiply naturally by seeds.
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.
Psidium araucanum is a new species discovered in southern Brazil
Genus Psidium L. is characterized by simple leaves, opposite, with nervatiune Pinata, flower solitary, axillary or Raceme small, large number of stamens arranged in spiral, ovary inferior.