23
Mar
2009
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Capparis spinosa L.

Synonyms - Capparis aegyptia, Capparis mariana, Capparis ovata.

Popular names - Tapani, cappero, Kapara, Kapers, capers, caperbush, torkav kappar, kapris, Capresse, Echter Kapernstrauch, Kiara, melada, kapersy, Kaprovec,

Distribution and Habitat - subtraturi limestone grows spontaneously on the Mediterranean Sea basin. Species xerophytes.

Description - undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color. Blooms in May-October. Fruit capsule oval-oblunga, green, and itthe mature red. Reniforme seeds, black or yellow, 1-2 mm. 2n = 38.

Pollination is done by Xylocopa valga, Hers convolvuli, Halictus sp., Apis mellifera.

Tolerances - tolerate drought, sun. Supports above (40 ˚ C) and the up to (-8 ˚ C).

Requirements - grows well in areas with sediments above 350 mm / year. Grows well on poor soils, well drained.

Maintenance - is transplanteaza winter or spring. In the first year after planting the plants to mulch with stone. For two-third watering after well established plant needs soil with good drainage and very little water in summer. The nitrogen in the absence fertilizeaza autumn rains. Maintenance trimming is made in November-December, but not shear until after two years.

Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings. Cuttings are taken in summer, 7 to 10 cm of stem lignificata, shallrooted in the substrate composed of peat and sand. To promote root stimulator may be used for rooting.

Propagation by seeds, the germ is 5-10% may look like in December-January, in pots with peat and sand; vessels are held in the greenhouse in winter and autumn, outdoors in summer. In successive rpimavara can replant new seedlings in the field.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Aculeata', 'Nocellana', 'Tondino', C. s. var. aegyptia, C. s. var. canescens, C. s. var. inermis, C. s. var. Mariana, C. s. var. rupestris.

Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium sp., Albugo capparidis, Aschochypta capparidis, Camarosporium suseganense, Phoma capparidina, Phyllosticta capparidis, Septoria capparidis, Asphondylia Capparis (attack flower buds), Cydia capparidana, Meloidogyne sp ..

Properties and Uses - bark of the roots and bobofloriferi sized properties appetizers, digestive, diuretic.

Root bark is harvested when the plant is dormant, September-October or March, are dried in the sun and preserved in paper bags or cotton.

Floriferi buds are collected by hand, in April-July, on sunny days, are used fresh.

Internal use to stimulate digestive functions is a decoction of bark from 1.5 g of roots in 100 ml water. Drink one cup a day, morning.

External use for hemorrhoids and that the protection of blood vessels, is a tincture of 10 g Vinoasă root bark in 100 ml olive oil, place it soak for 10 days. It compresses the areas concerned.

Buds are used in floriferi fresh skin bleaching cosmetics that inroseste easy, and dilated capillaries. It compresses the infusion of flowers or fruit pulp.

Floriferi buds can also be used in kitchen, if recerva in vinegar or salt to flavor meat, fish or pasta.

Fruit preserved in salt, vinegar or oil used for seasoning fish or salads.

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