Scientific name - Capparis spinosa L.
Synonyms - Capparis aegyptia, Capparis mariana, Capparis ovata.
Popular names - Tapani, cappero, Kapara, Kapers, capers, caperbush, torkav kappar, kapris, Capresse, Echter Kapernstrauch, Kiara, melada, kapersy, Kaprovec,
Distribution and Habitat - subtraturi limestone grows spontaneously on the Mediterranean Sea basin. Species xerophytes.
Description - undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color. Blooms in May-October. Fruit capsule oval-oblunga, green, and itthe mature red. Reniforme seeds, black or yellow, 1-2 mm. 2n = 38.
Pollination is done by Xylocopa valga, Hers convolvuli, Halictus sp., Apis mellifera.
Tolerances - tolerate drought, sun. Supports above (40 ˚ C) and the up to (-8 ˚ C).
Requirements - grows well in areas with sediments above 350 mm / year. Grows well on poor soils, well drained.
Maintenance - is transplanteaza winter or spring. In the first year after planting the plants to mulch with stone. For two-third watering after well established plant needs soil with good drainage and very little water in summer. The nitrogen in the absence fertilizeaza autumn rains. Maintenance trimming is made in November-December, but not shear until after two years.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings. Cuttings are taken in summer, 7 to 10 cm of stem lignificata, shallrooted in the substrate composed of peat and sand. To promote root stimulator may be used for rooting.
Propagation by seeds, the germ is 5-10% may look like in December-January, in pots with peat and sand; vessels are held in the greenhouse in winter and autumn, outdoors in summer. In successive rpimavara can replant new seedlings in the field.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Aculeata', 'Nocellana', 'Tondino', C. s. var. aegyptia, C. s. var. canescens, C. s. var. inermis, C. s. var. Mariana, C. s. var. rupestris.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium sp., Albugo capparidis, Aschochypta capparidis, Camarosporium suseganense, Phoma capparidina, Phyllosticta capparidis, Septoria capparidis, Asphondylia Capparis (attack flower buds), Cydia capparidana, Meloidogyne sp ..
Properties and Uses - bark of the roots and bobofloriferi sized properties appetizers, digestive, diuretic.
Root bark is harvested when the plant is dormant, September-October or March, are dried in the sun and preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Floriferi buds are collected by hand, in April-July, on sunny days, are used fresh.
Internal use to stimulate digestive functions is a decoction of bark from 1.5 g of roots in 100 ml water. Drink one cup a day, morning.
External use for hemorrhoids and that the protection of blood vessels, is a tincture of 10 g Vinoasă root bark in 100 ml olive oil, place it soak for 10 days. It compresses the areas concerned.
Buds are used in floriferi fresh skin bleaching cosmetics that inroseste easy, and dilated capillaries. It compresses the infusion of flowers or fruit pulp.
Floriferi buds can also be used in kitchen, if recerva in vinegar or salt to flavor meat, fish or pasta.
Fruit preserved in salt, vinegar or oil used for seasoning fish or salads.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Trees and shrubs
Hebe x franciscana
Hebe x franciscana - evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m tall.
Hebe x franciscana is a hybrid of Hebe speciosa Hebe from New Zealand and Elliptic.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Glycine max - soybean
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Bellium artrutxensis sp.nov. Balearic Islands
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.