Scientific name - Capparis spinosa L.
Synonyms - Capparis aegyptia, Capparis mariana, Capparis ovata.
Popular names - Tapani, cappero, Kapara, Kapers, capers, caperbush, torkav kappar, kapris, Capresse, Echter Kapernstrauch, Kiara, melada, kapersy, Kaprovec,
Distribution and Habitat - subtraturi limestone grows spontaneously on the Mediterranean Sea basin. Species xerophytes.
Description - undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color. Blooms in May-October. Fruit capsule oval-oblunga, green, and itthe mature red. Reniforme seeds, black or yellow, 1-2 mm. 2n = 38.
Pollination is done by Xylocopa valga, Hers convolvuli, Halictus sp., Apis mellifera.
Tolerances - tolerate drought, sun. Supports above (40 ˚ C) and the up to (-8 ˚ C).
Requirements - grows well in areas with sediments above 350 mm / year. Grows well on poor soils, well drained.
Maintenance - is transplanteaza winter or spring. In the first year after planting the plants to mulch with stone. For two-third watering after well established plant needs soil with good drainage and very little water in summer. The nitrogen in the absence fertilizeaza autumn rains. Maintenance trimming is made in November-December, but not shear until after two years.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings. Cuttings are taken in summer, 7 to 10 cm of stem lignificata, shallrooted in the substrate composed of peat and sand. To promote root stimulator may be used for rooting.
Propagation by seeds, the germ is 5-10% may look like in December-January, in pots with peat and sand; vessels are held in the greenhouse in winter and autumn, outdoors in summer. In successive rpimavara can replant new seedlings in the field.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Aculeata', 'Nocellana', 'Tondino', C. s. var. aegyptia, C. s. var. canescens, C. s. var. inermis, C. s. var. Mariana, C. s. var. rupestris.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium sp., Albugo capparidis, Aschochypta capparidis, Camarosporium suseganense, Phoma capparidina, Phyllosticta capparidis, Septoria capparidis, Asphondylia Capparis (attack flower buds), Cydia capparidana, Meloidogyne sp ..
Properties and Uses - bark of the roots and bobofloriferi sized properties appetizers, digestive, diuretic.
Root bark is harvested when the plant is dormant, September-October or March, are dried in the sun and preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Floriferi buds are collected by hand, in April-July, on sunny days, are used fresh.
Internal use to stimulate digestive functions is a decoction of bark from 1.5 g of roots in 100 ml water. Drink one cup a day, morning.
External use for hemorrhoids and that the protection of blood vessels, is a tincture of 10 g Vinoasă root bark in 100 ml olive oil, place it soak for 10 days. It compresses the areas concerned.
Buds are used in floriferi fresh skin bleaching cosmetics that inroseste easy, and dilated capillaries. It compresses the infusion of flowers or fruit pulp.
Floriferi buds can also be used in kitchen, if recerva in vinegar or salt to flavor meat, fish or pasta.
Fruit preserved in salt, vinegar or oil used for seasoning fish or salads.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Aloe vera Mill.
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Trees and shrubs
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .