Scientific name - Capparis spinosa L.
Synonyms - Capparis aegyptia, Capparis mariana, Capparis ovata.
Popular names - Tapani, cappero, Kapara, Kapers, capers, caperbush, torkav kappar, kapris, Capresse, Echter Kapernstrauch, Kiara, melada, kapersy, Kaprovec,
Distribution and Habitat - subtraturi limestone grows spontaneously on the Mediterranean Sea basin. Species xerophytes.
Description - undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color. Blooms in May-October. Fruit capsule oval-oblunga, green, and itthe mature red. Reniforme seeds, black or yellow, 1-2 mm. 2n = 38.
Pollination is done by Xylocopa valga, Hers convolvuli, Halictus sp., Apis mellifera.
Tolerances - tolerate drought, sun. Supports above (40 ˚ C) and the up to (-8 ˚ C).
Requirements - grows well in areas with sediments above 350 mm / year. Grows well on poor soils, well drained.
Maintenance - is transplanteaza winter or spring. In the first year after planting the plants to mulch with stone. For two-third watering after well established plant needs soil with good drainage and very little water in summer. The nitrogen in the absence fertilizeaza autumn rains. Maintenance trimming is made in November-December, but not shear until after two years.
Propagation - by seed or stem cuttings. Cuttings are taken in summer, 7 to 10 cm of stem lignificata, shallrooted in the substrate composed of peat and sand. To promote root stimulator may be used for rooting.
Propagation by seeds, the germ is 5-10% may look like in December-January, in pots with peat and sand; vessels are held in the greenhouse in winter and autumn, outdoors in summer. In successive rpimavara can replant new seedlings in the field.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Aculeata', 'Nocellana', 'Tondino', C. s. var. aegyptia, C. s. var. canescens, C. s. var. inermis, C. s. var. Mariana, C. s. var. rupestris.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis, Pythium sp., Albugo capparidis, Aschochypta capparidis, Camarosporium suseganense, Phoma capparidina, Phyllosticta capparidis, Septoria capparidis, Asphondylia Capparis (attack flower buds), Cydia capparidana, Meloidogyne sp ..
Properties and Uses - bark of the roots and bobofloriferi sized properties appetizers, digestive, diuretic.
Root bark is harvested when the plant is dormant, September-October or March, are dried in the sun and preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Floriferi buds are collected by hand, in April-July, on sunny days, are used fresh.
Internal use to stimulate digestive functions is a decoction of bark from 1.5 g of roots in 100 ml water. Drink one cup a day, morning.
External use for hemorrhoids and that the protection of blood vessels, is a tincture of 10 g Vinoasă root bark in 100 ml olive oil, place it soak for 10 days. It compresses the areas concerned.
Buds are used in floriferi fresh skin bleaching cosmetics that inroseste easy, and dilated capillaries. It compresses the infusion of flowers or fruit pulp.
Floriferi buds can also be used in kitchen, if recerva in vinegar or salt to flavor meat, fish or pasta.
Fruit preserved in salt, vinegar or oil used for seasoning fish or salads.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.