Scientific name - Caragana arborescens Lam.
Synonyms - Caragana Caragana Karst.
Popular names - Caragana, Siberian Peashrub, Gi Jin Er.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from Siberia, growing close to rivers.
Description - deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June. Fruit pods, yellow-brown becoming gray-brown, smooth, develop in the June-July. Seeds reniforme, elliptical to ovoid, rounded top and bottom, 4.4 x 2.8 mm, surface smooth, glossy, red-brown. 2n = 16
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerant - frost, seceta, pollution and wind.
Requirements - grows on any soil, but to be well drained, sunny but rather exhibits and semiumbra tolerate.
Propagation - the seeds fall. The seeds must be stratified 15 days at 5 ͦ C.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Albescens',' Cuneifolia ',' Grandiflora ',' Lorbergii ',' Nana 'Pendula', 'serum', 'Walker'.
Properties and Uses - can be used in groups and protection curtains.
C. arborescens var. inermis - branches without thorns.
Because well-developed system radically, Cragana arborescens can be used for soil erosion control
Curiosity - in some parts of the USA is considered invasive species.
In Grand Bretagne was introduced in 1752.
In Korea is grown on small scale as plantof medicine for roots. In Canada and USA is planted in forest protection.
Andrei Aleksandrovich Fedorov - Flora of Russia - CRC, 2002
Elizabeth J. Czarapata - Invasive Plants of the Upper Midwest - University of Wisconsin Press, 2005
France Royer, Richard Dickinson - Wildflowers of Edmonton and Central Alberta - The University of Alberta Press
Harrison L. Flint - Landscape Plants for Eastern North America - Wiley, 1997
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 1997
Ronald Houtman, Royal Horticultural Society Booskoop Staff - Variegates Trees and Shrubs - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul