05
Mar
2011
Cardamine bulbifera
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
4
0

Scientific Name - Cardamine bulbifera (L.) Crantz

Synonyms -

Popular names - branca, coltisor, cinichioară, coralroot, dentaria minore, dentaria bulbifera.

Distribution and Habitat - native to Europe and Asia Minor, it grows on fertile soils, calcareous 200-1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula , Hyacinthoides non-scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.

Description - herbaceous species, perennial, with thick fleshy rhizomes. Stems erect, simple, slightly branched, pubescent, 30-70 cm tall. Lower leaves are pinnate, composed of 3-7 leaflets lanceolate, upper leaves are simple, alternate, lanceolate, serrated edge. The upper arm is bulbili pear leaves, at first purple, then black. Flowers hermaphrodite, tetraAmer joined in type terminal inflorescence corymb; calyx consists of four sepals glabra, green-purple, corolla 4-petaled, open, round tip, red-purple, 6 stamens with yellow anthers, superior ovary. Blooms in April-May. Fruit silicva, 20-35 x 2-5 mm. Seeds ellipsoid, dark gray. 2n = 96.

Propagation - by bulbili.

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