Scientific Name - papaya Carica
Popular names - papaya, Babay, pawpaw tree, tree bowler, Sino-Tibetan, du du.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.
Description - evergreen tree, 2-10 m high, unbranched. Stems cylindrical, 10-30 cm diameter. Spirally arranged leaves, stems, one green or purple-m green limb orbicular, palmately-lobed, glabra, ribs prominent lobes first. Flowers yellow, solitary or in groups at the armpit leaves, female flowers 3-5 cm long, ovary ovoid, male flowers in panicule long, 10 stamens in two rows. Cylindrical fruit with orange plupa. Seeds numerous, small, black, covered with a gelatinous aryl.
Rate of growth - quickly, longevity 4-5 years.
Tolerance - do not tolerate frosts roots are sensitive to excess water.
Requirements - well-drained soil, fertile and rich in organic matter.
Diseases and pests - Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Glomerella cingulate, Polyphagous grasshoppers.
Trees and shrubs
Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A
The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.