05
Jan
2011
Carica papaya
Trees and shrubs

Scientific Name - papaya Carica

Synonyms -

Popular names - papaya, Babay, pawpaw tree, tree bowler, Sino-Tibetan, du du.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.

Description - evergreen tree, 2-10 m high, unbranched. Stems cylindrical, 10-30 cm diameter. Spirally arranged leaves, stems, one green or purple-m green limb orbicular, palmately-lobed, glabra, ribs prominent lobes first. Flowers yellow, solitary or in groups at the armpit leaves, female flowers 3-5 cm long, ovary ovoid, male flowers in panicule long, 10 stamens in two rows. Cylindrical fruit with orange plupa. Seeds numerous, small, black, covered with a gelatinous aryl.

Rate of growth - quickly, longevity 4-5 years.

Tolerance - do not tolerate frosts roots are sensitive to excess water.

Requirements - well-drained soil, fertile and rich in organic matter.

Management -

Propagation -

Diseases and pests - Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Glomerella cingulate, Polyphagous grasshoppers.

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