Scientific Name - Carpinus betulus L.
Synonyms - Carpinus caucasica Grossh.
Popular names - carpen, carpino bianco, carpino comune, carpe, xarma
Distribution and Habitat - a species native to Southeast Asia to Central Europe, in association with Quercus robur, Fagus sp., Fraxinus excelsior, grows both hill and mountain, may reach up to 1400 m altitude.
Description - tree species, decidua, 20-25 m tall. Stems erect, reddish stems and pubescent. Leaves alternate, short-petiolate, lamina elliptic, tip acute, base truncated-cordata and asymmetric double-toothed edges, dark green top, green bottom with ribs evident, stems 1.5 cm in length. Flowers monoecious, clustered in Amenti pendula. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes 4-5 x 7-9 mm, protected by a trilobite bracts in infrutescente.
Tolerances - semi-shade.
Requirements - land rather mild, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds,
Properties and Uses - Used as a species for reforestation land.
Curiosity - Hornbeam wood is hard, but less durable dacaeste in wet environments.
Suitable for bonsai training.
Trees and shrubs
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Angophora hispida Blaxell
Shrub or small tree, 4-5 m high. Gray-red bark at first smooth, exfoliating in due course. Leaves opposite, Sesia or short stalks, cordiform, 5-10 x 2.5-4.5 cm, pale green, pubescent. 3.7 flowers in a corymb, 10-15 cm diameter. Sepa free (dialisepal), green, petals free (dialipetal), white cream. Blooming in January. Fruit capsule.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .