12
Oct
2010
Carpinus betulus
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Carpinus betulus L.

Synonyms - Carpinus caucasica Grossh.

Popular names - carpen, carpino bianco, carpino comune, carpe, xarma

Distribution and Habitat - a species native to Southeast Asia to Central Europe, in association with Quercus robur, Fagus sp., Fraxinus excelsior, grows both hill and mountain, may reach up to 1400 m altitude.

Description - tree species, decidua, 20-25 m tall. Stems erect, reddish stems and pubescent. Leaves alternate, short-petiolate, lamina elliptic, tip acute, base truncated-cordata and asymmetric double-toothed edges, dark green top, green bottom with ribs evident, stems 1.5 cm in length. Flowers monoecious, clustered in Amenti pendula. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes 4-5 x 7-9 mm, protected by a trilobite bracts in infrutescente.

Tolerances - semi-shade.

Requirements - land rather mild, sunny exhibitions.

Propagation - by seeds,

Properties and Uses - Used as a species for reforestation land.

Curiosity - Hornbeam wood is hard, but less durable dacaeste in wet environments.

Suitable for bonsai training.

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