Scientific Name - Centaurea uniflora Turra subsp. Bonnier & Layens nervosa
Synonyms - Centaurea nervosa, Jace plumosa, plumosa Centaurea.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude. Increases in association with Anthoxanthum odoratum, Aquilegia vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, Lotus corniculatus, Phyteuma orbicular, Senecio doronicum subsp. doronicum, Trollius europaeus subsp. Europaeus. Veratrum album.
Description - hermaphroditic species, pollinating. Tulpina 10-20 cm tall, erect, with a single capitulum. Green leaves, puberulente, sinuous toothed, lower ones are onlong-ovate, base truncata, semi-aplexicaule, are ovate leaves from the stem tip. Involucre 18-25 mm in diameter, ovoid-cilindric; Appendix bracteellor ovate inner, nested, Appendix middle bracts are brown and black, lanceolate-setacee, fimbriata, RECURVE the top, 20-30 on each side. Purple or white flowers. Blooms in July and August. Fruit achenes, 3-4 mm; Papus 1.5-1 mm. 2n = 22. Epizoohora pollination.
Properties and Uses -
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Primula cousin - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, native to Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.