Scientific Name - Centaurea uniflora Turra subsp. Bonnier & Layens nervosa
Synonyms - Centaurea nervosa, Jace plumosa, plumosa Centaurea.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude. Increases in association with Anthoxanthum odoratum, Aquilegia vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, Lotus corniculatus, Phyteuma orbicular, Senecio doronicum subsp. doronicum, Trollius europaeus subsp. Europaeus. Veratrum album.
Description - hermaphroditic species, pollinating. Tulpina 10-20 cm tall, erect, with a single capitulum. Green leaves, puberulente, sinuous toothed, lower ones are onlong-ovate, base truncata, semi-aplexicaule, are ovate leaves from the stem tip. Involucre 18-25 mm in diameter, ovoid-cilindric; Appendix bracteellor ovate inner, nested, Appendix middle bracts are brown and black, lanceolate-setacee, fimbriata, RECURVE the top, 20-30 on each side. Purple or white flowers. Blooms in July and August. Fruit achenes, 3-4 mm; Papus 1.5-1 mm. 2n = 22. Epizoohora pollination.
Properties and Uses -
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.