Scientific Name - Centaurea uniflora Turra subsp. Bonnier & Layens nervosa
Synonyms - Centaurea nervosa, Jace plumosa, plumosa Centaurea.
Popular names -
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude. Increases in association with Anthoxanthum odoratum, Aquilegia vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, Lotus corniculatus, Phyteuma orbicular, Senecio doronicum subsp. doronicum, Trollius europaeus subsp. Europaeus. Veratrum album.
Description - hermaphroditic species, pollinating. Tulpina 10-20 cm tall, erect, with a single capitulum. Green leaves, puberulente, sinuous toothed, lower ones are onlong-ovate, base truncata, semi-aplexicaule, are ovate leaves from the stem tip. Involucre 18-25 mm in diameter, ovoid-cilindric; Appendix bracteellor ovate inner, nested, Appendix middle bracts are brown and black, lanceolate-setacee, fimbriata, RECURVE the top, 20-30 on each side. Purple or white flowers. Blooms in July and August. Fruit achenes, 3-4 mm; Papus 1.5-1 mm. 2n = 22. Epizoohora pollination.
Properties and Uses -
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.