Scientific name - Ceratonia siliqua L.
Synonyms - Cerotina coriaceae Salisb, Cerotina inermis Stokes.
Popular names - carobier, caroube, Carouge, algarroba, Johannisbrot, carrubo, pane di Santo Giovanni, Bread, Jean Baptiste, Alfarrobeira, roshkoboe, Carob bean.
Distribution and Habitat - spread all over the Mediterranean Sea Basin, in coastal areas and seasons, up to 500 m shares
Description - dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on top, the green-gray on the underside, rahisuit is reddish, woody at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexuate their joint erect inflorescences, raceme. Blooms in May-November. Fruit pods indehiscenta, 10-20 cm long, Pendente, at first green and then dark brown, glossy at maturity, flattened, fleshy. Longevity - 500 years.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and temperatures up to -7 ° C. Young plants are sensitive to frost.
Requirements - poor soils.
Management - after the tree is not well stabilized skims needs. Fungicides should be applied in rainy seasons, being higher risk of fungus.
Propagation - by seeds. To stimulate germination can use hot water, or seed stratification. Ceratonia siliqua it can multiply and theseedlings, drajoni and grafting.
Diseases and pests - fungi.
Properties and Uses - fruits are edible. Produce about 200-1300 kg of fruit per year. The fruits contain 30-40% sugars, amino acids 35%, 7% protein, fats, tannins and mineral salts. The wood is hard, hard, homogeneous, reddish color becomes dark red with age.
Bark of branches, leaves, fruits and seeds have astringent properties, antidiareice, softeners, dietary, antiseptic.
Bark is taken in February-March, the branches of several inches in diameter. Leaves collected in April-May, culegandu them all the stalks. Fruits are collected in August-September, at full maturity.
Bark is cut into pieces of 5-10 cm and dried in the sun, the leaves are dried in the shade, the fruit is dried in the sun and break small pieces to extract the seeds. The leaves and bark are preserved in paper bags, fruits and seeds are preservedin glass containers.
Flour from seeds of Ceratonia siliqua is used as a component of dietary products with fewer calories. Non-filtered decoction obtained from flour fruit is astringent antidiareic useful in cases of infection in childhood disorders, gastroentrite, enteritis and colic.
Current studies showed that Ceratonia siliqua absorbs toxins from intestinal infections, and acts in the intestine that the balance of intestinal flora. The leaves and bark are rich in tannins.
Internal use - to the irritation of the mouth and intestine. Decoction of 5 g of flour of fruits in 100 ml water. A cup or a cup of tea, depending on age, two or three times a day.
Flour from seeds of Ceratonia siliqua, one or two hands, in water bath emollient effect, moisturizing the dry skin. Semifluide gelatins prepared with 3% of seed flour lAST to swell n little water can be used as hydrating and soothing facial mask.
Ceratonia siliqua tree may be used to combat soil erosion and forest protection as a decorative tree, solitary or in alignment.
Curiosity - supposed to St. John the Baptist in the wilderness, ate beans from Cerotina siliqua. In some countries, dry beans are sold as the bread of St. John.
George A. Burdock - Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives - CRC Press, 1997
James A. Duke, Michael Castleman, Alice Feinstein - The Green Pharmacy - St. Martin's Press, 1997
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e Illustrate per Riconoscere e Usare le Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Trees and shrubs
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Areca catechu L.
Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.
Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.