Chimon = winter anthem = flower praecox = late.
Popular names: English - wintersweet, Japanese - robe;
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn. Flowers yellow, 2 cm in diameter, bloom before leaf emergence on wood from previous year. Blooms in mid-December to February. Fruit capsule indehiscenta, green, 3-5 cm long, calyx persistent.
Grows on moist soil, fertile, alkaline, well drained. Must be protected from the cold winds of winter, late winter frosts may damage the plant. Exhibitionitii sunny to give good performance. It is easily transplanted. Cuttings are made after blooming, if late cuttings will reduce the number of flowers the following year. Cut the branches too thin and dead wood.
Multiply by seeds and seedlings. Collect seeds late summer, before I start to dry fruit. Seedlings are taken in July.
Multiply by grafting cultivars.
It is indicated as a species for bonsai.
Cultivars and varieties: 'concolor', 'grandiflorus', 'luteus', C. praecox var. luteus.
Is grown in southern France for the extraction of essential oils. In China the flowers are used in medicine. Grow as ornamental species in Japan, China, Europe, North America, in East Asia is the favorite winter flower.
Andy McIndoe - Shrubs - Horticulture Books, 2005
B. Bodart-Bailey - The Furthest Goal - Routledge Curzon, 1995
Hazel Evans - The Patio Garden - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2006
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-flowering Shrubs
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.