16
Jan
2009
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Chimon = winter anthem = flower praecox = late.

Popular names: English - wintersweet, Japanese - robe;

Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.

Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn. Flowers yellow, 2 cm in diameter, bloom before leaf emergence on wood from previous year. Blooms in mid-December to February. Fruit capsule indehiscenta, green, 3-5 cm long, calyx persistent.

Grows on moist soil, fertile, alkaline, well drained. Must be protected from the cold winds of winter, late winter frosts may damage the plant. Exhibitionitii sunny to give good performance. It is easily transplanted. Cuttings are made after blooming, if late cuttings will reduce the number of flowers the following year. Cut the branches too thin and dead wood.

Multiply by seeds and seedlings. Collect seeds late summer, before I start to dry fruit. Seedlings are taken in July.

Multiply by grafting cultivars.

It is indicated as a species for bonsai.

Cultivars and varieties: 'concolor', 'grandiflorus', 'luteus', C. praecox var. luteus.

Is grown in southern France for the extraction of essential oils. In China the flowers are used in medicine. Grow as ornamental species in Japan, China, Europe, North America, in East Asia is the favorite winter flower.

Partners for the winter garden - Hamamelis mollis, Iris unguicularis, Lonicera fragrantissima, Daphne mezereum, Galanthus nivalis and Helleborus niger.

References

Andy McIndoe - Shrubs - Horticulture Books, 2005

B. Bodart-Bailey - The Furthest Goal - Routledge Curzon, 1995

Hazel Evans - The Patio Garden - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2006

Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001

Michael W. Buffin - Winter-flowering Shrubs

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004

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