Chimon = winter anthem = flower praecox = late.
Popular names: English - wintersweet, Japanese - robe;
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn. Flowers yellow, 2 cm in diameter, bloom before leaf emergence on wood from previous year. Blooms in mid-December to February. Fruit capsule indehiscenta, green, 3-5 cm long, calyx persistent.
Grows on moist soil, fertile, alkaline, well drained. Must be protected from the cold winds of winter, late winter frosts may damage the plant. Exhibitionitii sunny to give good performance. It is easily transplanted. Cuttings are made after blooming, if late cuttings will reduce the number of flowers the following year. Cut the branches too thin and dead wood.
Multiply by seeds and seedlings. Collect seeds late summer, before I start to dry fruit. Seedlings are taken in July.
Multiply by grafting cultivars.
It is indicated as a species for bonsai.
Cultivars and varieties: 'concolor', 'grandiflorus', 'luteus', C. praecox var. luteus.
Is grown in southern France for the extraction of essential oils. In China the flowers are used in medicine. Grow as ornamental species in Japan, China, Europe, North America, in East Asia is the favorite winter flower.
Andy McIndoe - Shrubs - Horticulture Books, 2005
B. Bodart-Bailey - The Furthest Goal - Routledge Curzon, 1995
Hazel Evans - The Patio Garden - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2006
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-flowering Shrubs
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.