Chimon = winter anthem = flower praecox = late.
Popular names: English - wintersweet, Japanese - robe;
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn. Flowers yellow, 2 cm in diameter, bloom before leaf emergence on wood from previous year. Blooms in mid-December to February. Fruit capsule indehiscenta, green, 3-5 cm long, calyx persistent.
Grows on moist soil, fertile, alkaline, well drained. Must be protected from the cold winds of winter, late winter frosts may damage the plant. Exhibitionitii sunny to give good performance. It is easily transplanted. Cuttings are made after blooming, if late cuttings will reduce the number of flowers the following year. Cut the branches too thin and dead wood.
Multiply by seeds and seedlings. Collect seeds late summer, before I start to dry fruit. Seedlings are taken in July.
Multiply by grafting cultivars.
It is indicated as a species for bonsai.
Cultivars and varieties: 'concolor', 'grandiflorus', 'luteus', C. praecox var. luteus.
Is grown in southern France for the extraction of essential oils. In China the flowers are used in medicine. Grow as ornamental species in Japan, China, Europe, North America, in East Asia is the favorite winter flower.
Andy McIndoe - Shrubs - Horticulture Books, 2005
B. Bodart-Bailey - The Furthest Goal - Routledge Curzon, 1995
Hazel Evans - The Patio Garden - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2006
Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001
Michael W. Buffin - Winter-flowering Shrubs
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Trees and shrubs
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Kigelia is a genus with a singke species, which is cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Sausage tree is a tree whit a invasive root system, so keep it clear of buildings and paving.
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer
Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.