Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Chimon = winter anthem = flower praecox = late.

Popular names: English - wintersweet, Japanese - robe;

Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.

Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn. Flowers yellow, 2 cm in diameter, bloom before leaf emergence on wood from previous year. Blooms in mid-December to February. Fruit capsule indehiscenta, green, 3-5 cm long, calyx persistent.

Grows on moist soil, fertile, alkaline, well drained. Must be protected from the cold winds of winter, late winter frosts may damage the plant. Exhibitionitii sunny to give good performance. It is easily transplanted. Cuttings are made after blooming, if late cuttings will reduce the number of flowers the following year. Cut the branches too thin and dead wood.

Multiply by seeds and seedlings. Collect seeds late summer, before I start to dry fruit. Seedlings are taken in July.

Multiply by grafting cultivars.

It is indicated as a species for bonsai.

Cultivars and varieties: 'concolor', 'grandiflorus', 'luteus', C. praecox var. luteus.

Is grown in southern France for the extraction of essential oils. In China the flowers are used in medicine. Grow as ornamental species in Japan, China, Europe, North America, in East Asia is the favorite winter flower.

Partners for the winter garden - Hamamelis mollis, Iris unguicularis, Lonicera fragrantissima, Daphne mezereum, Galanthus nivalis and Helleborus niger.


Andy McIndoe - Shrubs - Horticulture Books, 2005

B. Bodart-Bailey - The Furthest Goal - Routledge Curzon, 1995

Hazel Evans - The Patio Garden - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2006

Kim E. Tripp, JC Raulston - The Year in Trees - Timber Press, 2001

Michael W. Buffin - Winter-flowering Shrubs

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004

See also
Trees and shrubs
Cassia angustifolia

Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.

Calycanthus floridus L.

Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.

Prunus cerasifera - corcodus

Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.

Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.

Citrus - citrus

Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.

Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

Hibiscus syriacus

Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.

Madhuca longifolia Macb.

Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals

Punica granatum - pomegranate

Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.

Ajuga chamaepitys

Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.

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