Scientific name - Chorisia speciosa
Chorisia was named after MM Choris, who accompanied the Otto van Kotzebue on an expedition in South America.
Popular names - showy chorisia, silk-floss-tree, Botella Arbol, Arbol from wool, Samohu, palo-borracho, Albero bottiglia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Brazil, northeastern Argentina, Paraguay.
Description - deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white. Campanulata bell or tubular, 2.5 cm long, 3-5 lobate lthe top. Petals oblong or obovata, 7-10 cm long, pink with yellow or white at the base. 6-7,5 cm long tube stamina. Blooms in September-October, or December to March, before infrunziri. Pear-shaped capsule, pendence, 15-20 cm long, brown or white, inedible. Seeds numerous, wrapped in a white feather. Pollination is done by birds and bees. The seeds are dispersed by wind.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - resistant to tempearturi of -5 ° C -1 ° C temperatures cause the leaves fall.
Requirements - - grows on any type of soil if well drained, acid and rich in humus, exhibitions sunny.
Management - moisten well but let soil dry between watering. It fertilizeaza once a month during the vegetation period (if they are raised in containers).
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds germinate in 3-4 weeks at 21-24 ° C, primavara. Multiplication by cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati, during the vegetation period.
Diseases and pests - Dactylopius sensitive.
Properties and Uses - can be cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, the alignments, solitary. In public places is indicated thorn removal on the trunk, at the bottom. Moderate resistance against wind. The wood is white, porous, easily used to replace sugar. Wood substance surrounding the seeds is marketed under the name of Kapok false, and is used in the manufacture of mattresses and pillows. Kapok is a real material 8 times lighter than cotton.
Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Ric one and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994
KS Bawa, M Hadley - Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants - Inform Healthcare, 1991
Mark K. Stebbins - Flowering Trees of Florida - Pineapple Press, 1999
Trees and shrubs
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.