Scientific name - Chorisia speciosa
Chorisia was named after MM Choris, who accompanied the Otto van Kotzebue on an expedition in South America.
Popular names - showy chorisia, silk-floss-tree, Botella Arbol, Arbol from wool, Samohu, palo-borracho, Albero bottiglia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Brazil, northeastern Argentina, Paraguay.
Description - deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white. Campanulata bell or tubular, 2.5 cm long, 3-5 lobate lthe top. Petals oblong or obovata, 7-10 cm long, pink with yellow or white at the base. 6-7,5 cm long tube stamina. Blooms in September-October, or December to March, before infrunziri. Pear-shaped capsule, pendence, 15-20 cm long, brown or white, inedible. Seeds numerous, wrapped in a white feather. Pollination is done by birds and bees. The seeds are dispersed by wind.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - resistant to tempearturi of -5 ° C -1 ° C temperatures cause the leaves fall.
Requirements - - grows on any type of soil if well drained, acid and rich in humus, exhibitions sunny.
Management - moisten well but let soil dry between watering. It fertilizeaza once a month during the vegetation period (if they are raised in containers).
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds germinate in 3-4 weeks at 21-24 ° C, primavara. Multiplication by cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati, during the vegetation period.
Diseases and pests - Dactylopius sensitive.
Properties and Uses - can be cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, the alignments, solitary. In public places is indicated thorn removal on the trunk, at the bottom. Moderate resistance against wind. The wood is white, porous, easily used to replace sugar. Wood substance surrounding the seeds is marketed under the name of Kapok false, and is used in the manufacture of mattresses and pillows. Kapok is a real material 8 times lighter than cotton.
Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Ric one and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994
KS Bawa, M Hadley - Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants - Inform Healthcare, 1991
Mark K. Stebbins - Flowering Trees of Florida - Pineapple Press, 1999
Trees and shrubs
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Pinus coulteri D. Don
Monoecious tree, 15-25 m high, trunk 40-120 cm diameter, wide crown, pyramid, iregulata. Bark gray-brown, streaked andanc with solxi long iregulati. Branches ascending, stalk yearly thin, brown-purple, glauca, rugosa, become black after several years.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.