Scientific name - Chorisia speciosa
Chorisia was named after MM Choris, who accompanied the Otto van Kotzebue on an expedition in South America.
Popular names - showy chorisia, silk-floss-tree, Botella Arbol, Arbol from wool, Samohu, palo-borracho, Albero bottiglia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Brazil, northeastern Argentina, Paraguay.
Description - deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white. Campanulata bell or tubular, 2.5 cm long, 3-5 lobate lthe top. Petals oblong or obovata, 7-10 cm long, pink with yellow or white at the base. 6-7,5 cm long tube stamina. Blooms in September-October, or December to March, before infrunziri. Pear-shaped capsule, pendence, 15-20 cm long, brown or white, inedible. Seeds numerous, wrapped in a white feather. Pollination is done by birds and bees. The seeds are dispersed by wind.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - resistant to tempearturi of -5 ° C -1 ° C temperatures cause the leaves fall.
Requirements - - grows on any type of soil if well drained, acid and rich in humus, exhibitions sunny.
Management - moisten well but let soil dry between watering. It fertilizeaza once a month during the vegetation period (if they are raised in containers).
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds germinate in 3-4 weeks at 21-24 ° C, primavara. Multiplication by cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati, during the vegetation period.
Diseases and pests - Dactylopius sensitive.
Properties and Uses - can be cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, the alignments, solitary. In public places is indicated thorn removal on the trunk, at the bottom. Moderate resistance against wind. The wood is white, porous, easily used to replace sugar. Wood substance surrounding the seeds is marketed under the name of Kapok false, and is used in the manufacture of mattresses and pillows. Kapok is a real material 8 times lighter than cotton.
Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Ric one and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994
KS Bawa, M Hadley - Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants - Inform Healthcare, 1991
Mark K. Stebbins - Flowering Trees of Florida - Pineapple Press, 1999
Trees and shrubs
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.