21
Feb
2009
Chorisia speciosa
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Chorisia speciosa

Chorisia was named after MM Choris, who accompanied the Otto van Kotzebue on an expedition in South America.

Synonyms -

Popular names - showy chorisia, silk-floss-tree, Botella Arbol, Arbol from wool, Samohu, palo-borracho, Albero bottiglia.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Brazil, northeastern Argentina, Paraguay.

Description - deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white. Campanulata bell or tubular, 2.5 cm long, 3-5 lobate lthe top. Petals oblong or obovata, 7-10 cm long, pink with yellow or white at the base. 6-7,5 cm long tube stamina. Blooms in September-October, or December to March, before infrunziri. Pear-shaped capsule, pendence, 15-20 cm long, brown or white, inedible. Seeds numerous, wrapped in a white feather. Pollination is done by birds and bees. The seeds are dispersed by wind.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - resistant to tempearturi of -5 ° C -1 ° C temperatures cause the leaves fall.

Requirements - - grows on any type of soil if well drained, acid and rich in humus, exhibitions sunny.

Management - moisten well but let soil dry between watering. It fertilizeaza once a month during the vegetation period (if they are raised in containers).

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds germinate in 3-4 weeks at 21-24 ° C, primavara. Multiplication by cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati, during the vegetation period.

Diseases and pests - Dactylopius sensitive.

Properties and Uses - can be cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, the alignments, solitary. In public places is indicated thorn removal on the trunk, at the bottom. Moderate resistance against wind. The wood is white, porous, easily used to replace sugar. Wood substance surrounding the seeds is marketed under the name of Kapok false, and is used in the manufacture of mattresses and pillows. Kapok is a real material 8 times lighter than cotton.

References

Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Ric one and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994

KS Bawa, M Hadley - Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants - Inform Healthcare, 1991

Mark K. Stebbins - Flowering Trees of Florida - Pineapple Press, 1999

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