Scientific name - Cichorium intybus L.
Popular names - chicory, chicory, blue Sailors, succory.
Distribution and Habitat - Common species of the plains up to 1800 m altitude. Originally from temperate regions of Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.
Description - herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata. Flowers are axillary, ligula (5 lobes), blue (rarely white or pink) bracts cilia, the external short, oval, the interior is oblong-lanceolata. Receptacle ofproape flat, without scales. Blooms in July-October. Fruit achenes, 2-3 mm obovoide, truncated peak, gray-brown, with 1-3 rows of dolls. 2n = 18.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - all types of soil, light and shadow ͦ temperatures to -15 C.
Requirements - prefers sandy soils and clay.
Propagation - by seeds. It looks like land rich in organic matter.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Cesare', 'Firebird', 'Rossa Verona', 'Castelfranco', 'Sottomarina', 'Treviso', 'Carla', 'Versuvio'.
Properties and Uses - roots of the first year, harvested in September-October, the cuts and dries in the sun. They are tonic, digestive depurative and to reduce excess fat and sugar in the body, vessels were dilutedanguine.
Leaves harvested in June-September, are dried in the shade. Stimulates gastric and liver, are diuretics, laxatives and depurative. Infusion of 1-3 g of leaves in one cup water, 2-3 cups / day.
The leaves may be used fresh in salads with oil and lemon, or in soups.
For external use only the leaves are used in poultices for wounds in the skin.
Recolatate inflorescences in June to September, an infusion of 2.5 g per 100 ml of water, one cup a day, morning.
The root contains inulin, indicated for diabetics.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - in traditional medicine was used for: arthritis, cancer and dermatitis.
Chicory was introduced in the U.S. in 1785 by Governor Bowdoin, who consider a green salad.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Stachys Byzantine - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, grows on dry slopes at the edge of forests, up to 2000 m altitude.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.