09
Jul
2009
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Cichorium intybus L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - chicory, chicory, blue Sailors, succory.

Distribution and Habitat - Common species of the plains up to 1800 m altitude. Originally from temperate regions of Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.

Description - herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata. Flowers are axillary, ligula (5 lobes), blue (rarely white or pink) bracts cilia, the external short, oval, the interior is oblong-lanceolata. Receptacle ofproape flat, without scales. Blooms in July-October. Fruit achenes, 2-3 mm obovoide, truncated peak, gray-brown, with 1-3 rows of dolls. 2n = 18.

Growth rate - moderate to fast.

Tolerances - all types of soil, light and shadow ͦ temperatures to -15 C.

Requirements - prefers sandy soils and clay.

Propagation - by seeds. It looks like land rich in organic matter.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Cesare', 'Firebird', 'Rossa Verona', 'Castelfranco', 'Sottomarina', 'Treviso', 'Carla', 'Versuvio'.

Properties and Uses - roots of the first year, harvested in September-October, the cuts and dries in the sun. They are tonic, digestive depurative and to reduce excess fat and sugar in the body, vessels were dilutedanguine.

Leaves harvested in June-September, are dried in the shade. Stimulates gastric and liver, are diuretics, laxatives and depurative. Infusion of 1-3 g of leaves in one cup water, 2-3 cups / day.

The leaves may be used fresh in salads with oil and lemon, or in soups.

For external use only the leaves are used in poultices for wounds in the skin.

Recolatate inflorescences in June to September, an infusion of 2.5 g per 100 ml of water, one cup a day, morning.

The root contains inulin, indicated for diabetics.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - in traditional medicine was used for: arthritis, cancer and dermatitis.

Chicory was introduced in the U.S. in 1785 by Governor Bowdoin, who consider a green salad.

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