Scientific name - Cichorium intybus L.
Popular names - chicory, chicory, blue Sailors, succory.
Distribution and Habitat - Common species of the plains up to 1800 m altitude. Originally from temperate regions of Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.
Description - herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata. Flowers are axillary, ligula (5 lobes), blue (rarely white or pink) bracts cilia, the external short, oval, the interior is oblong-lanceolata. Receptacle ofproape flat, without scales. Blooms in July-October. Fruit achenes, 2-3 mm obovoide, truncated peak, gray-brown, with 1-3 rows of dolls. 2n = 18.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - all types of soil, light and shadow ͦ temperatures to -15 C.
Requirements - prefers sandy soils and clay.
Propagation - by seeds. It looks like land rich in organic matter.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Cesare', 'Firebird', 'Rossa Verona', 'Castelfranco', 'Sottomarina', 'Treviso', 'Carla', 'Versuvio'.
Properties and Uses - roots of the first year, harvested in September-October, the cuts and dries in the sun. They are tonic, digestive depurative and to reduce excess fat and sugar in the body, vessels were dilutedanguine.
Leaves harvested in June-September, are dried in the shade. Stimulates gastric and liver, are diuretics, laxatives and depurative. Infusion of 1-3 g of leaves in one cup water, 2-3 cups / day.
The leaves may be used fresh in salads with oil and lemon, or in soups.
For external use only the leaves are used in poultices for wounds in the skin.
Recolatate inflorescences in June to September, an infusion of 2.5 g per 100 ml of water, one cup a day, morning.
The root contains inulin, indicated for diabetics.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - in traditional medicine was used for: arthritis, cancer and dermatitis.
Chicory was introduced in the U.S. in 1785 by Governor Bowdoin, who consider a green salad.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.