09
Jul
2009
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida
6
0

Scientific name - Cichorium intybus L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - chicory, chicory, blue Sailors, succory.

Distribution and Habitat - Common species of the plains up to 1800 m altitude. Originally from temperate regions of Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.

Description - herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata. Flowers are axillary, ligula (5 lobes), blue (rarely white or pink) bracts cilia, the external short, oval, the interior is oblong-lanceolata. Receptacle ofproape flat, without scales. Blooms in July-October. Fruit achenes, 2-3 mm obovoide, truncated peak, gray-brown, with 1-3 rows of dolls. 2n = 18.

Growth rate - moderate to fast.

Tolerances - all types of soil, light and shadow ͦ temperatures to -15 C.

Requirements - prefers sandy soils and clay.

Propagation - by seeds. It looks like land rich in organic matter.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Cesare', 'Firebird', 'Rossa Verona', 'Castelfranco', 'Sottomarina', 'Treviso', 'Carla', 'Versuvio'.

Properties and Uses - roots of the first year, harvested in September-October, the cuts and dries in the sun. They are tonic, digestive depurative and to reduce excess fat and sugar in the body, vessels were dilutedanguine.

Leaves harvested in June-September, are dried in the shade. Stimulates gastric and liver, are diuretics, laxatives and depurative. Infusion of 1-3 g of leaves in one cup water, 2-3 cups / day.

The leaves may be used fresh in salads with oil and lemon, or in soups.

For external use only the leaves are used in poultices for wounds in the skin.

Recolatate inflorescences in June to September, an infusion of 2.5 g per 100 ml of water, one cup a day, morning.

The root contains inulin, indicated for diabetics.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - in traditional medicine was used for: arthritis, cancer and dermatitis.

Chicory was introduced in the U.S. in 1785 by Governor Bowdoin, who consider a green salad.

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.

 
Capparis spinosa L. - caper

Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.

 
Green tea properties

Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.

 
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth

Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.

 
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

 
Flowers
Portulaca grandiflora

Portulaca grandiflora - annual species, succulent, native to Brazil. Can be used in parks and gardens as ornamental species for borders or pots on terraces species for sunny.

 
Ranunculus ficaria

Ranunculus ficaria is a member of Buttercup Family.

 
Calystegia sepium

Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.

 
Digitalis purpurea

Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.

Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.

 
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad

Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.

 
Magnoliopsida
Callicarpa L.

Callicarpa L. comprises 170 species of trees and shrubs of temperate and tropical zones. The most commonly found in parks and gardens are Beautyberry American Beautyberry bodinieri, Beautyberry dichotoma, Japan and Beautyberry Beautyberry macrophylla.

 
Reseda lutea

Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.

 
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden

Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.

Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.

 
A new species of Pastinaca L. in Turkey

Pastinaca yildizii T. Dirmenci (Apiaceae) was described by Kazdagi of Balikesir province in Turkey.

Genus Pastinaca L. is a small genus with only 14 taxa, distributed in Asia and Europe.

Pastinaca yildzii is a biennial or perennial species.

 
Haplophyllum patavinum

Haplophyllum patavinum belongs to the family Rutaceae, dedicated to the city of Padova (IT). Species by extinction due to habitat destruction, species protected by law (in Italy).

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links