Scientific name - Cichorium intybus L.
Popular names - chicory, chicory, blue Sailors, succory.
Distribution and Habitat - Common species of the plains up to 1800 m altitude. Originally from temperate regions of Asia, Australia, Europe and North America.
Description - herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata. Flowers are axillary, ligula (5 lobes), blue (rarely white or pink) bracts cilia, the external short, oval, the interior is oblong-lanceolata. Receptacle ofproape flat, without scales. Blooms in July-October. Fruit achenes, 2-3 mm obovoide, truncated peak, gray-brown, with 1-3 rows of dolls. 2n = 18.
Growth rate - moderate to fast.
Tolerances - all types of soil, light and shadow ͦ temperatures to -15 C.
Requirements - prefers sandy soils and clay.
Propagation - by seeds. It looks like land rich in organic matter.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Cesare', 'Firebird', 'Rossa Verona', 'Castelfranco', 'Sottomarina', 'Treviso', 'Carla', 'Versuvio'.
Properties and Uses - roots of the first year, harvested in September-October, the cuts and dries in the sun. They are tonic, digestive depurative and to reduce excess fat and sugar in the body, vessels were dilutedanguine.
Leaves harvested in June-September, are dried in the shade. Stimulates gastric and liver, are diuretics, laxatives and depurative. Infusion of 1-3 g of leaves in one cup water, 2-3 cups / day.
The leaves may be used fresh in salads with oil and lemon, or in soups.
For external use only the leaves are used in poultices for wounds in the skin.
Recolatate inflorescences in June to September, an infusion of 2.5 g per 100 ml of water, one cup a day, morning.
The root contains inulin, indicated for diabetics.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - in traditional medicine was used for: arthritis, cancer and dermatitis.
Chicory was introduced in the U.S. in 1785 by Governor Bowdoin, who consider a green salad.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Geranium pratense - beak stork
Herbaceous perennial, stems pubescent, erect, branched dichotomy. Leaves opposite, the parties to lobate-acute, 5-7 lobed, margin evening. Flowers symmetric radiator Corola blue-purple, 5 petals obovata, 2 cm, 5 sepa lanceolata, mucronata, ovary superior, 10 stamens united at the base. Blooms in June-August.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.