Scientific name - Cirsium palustre
Synonyms - Carduus palustris L., Cnicus palustris (L.) Wild
Popular names - cirsio di Palud, cardo paludous, CIRS des Marais, tourbieres, marecageuses prairies, marsh thistle.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous Biennale, 1.2-1.5 m high. In the first year form a rosette of leaves thorny, deeply lobate and furry inside. Stem solitary, erect, viloasa to tomentoasa; spin wings. Leaves alternate, Sesia, decurente, elliptic-oblong-lanceolata, 15-30 x 3.10 cm, Pinata-fidate, spiny toothed, thorns of 2-6 mm long. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, deeply lobed pinatifide with thorns. Peduncle 0-1 cm long. Involucre ovoid-campanulata, 1-1.5 x 0.8-1.3 cm, bracts and verf nested there. Raceme blossom compound with 2.8 capitula, flowers tubular, hermaphrodite and pentamere. Corola violet open up to white, 1.1-1.3 cm, corolla tube 0.5-0.7 cm, the 5 lobes 0.3-0.4 cm, style 0.2 cm. Blooms in June-September. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit achenes, obconica, surface plate, 0.3 cm long, 0.9-1.1 cm doll. 2n = 34.
Tolerances - tolerate moderate drought.
Requirements - grows well on acidic soils and moist in full sun.
Management - in areas where this species is invasive, can combat it manually before baking Rupr flowers from seeds or ground breaking strain. Chemical herbicides can be combated when the plant is 12-25 cm tall, in period of prosperity, or rosette of leaves in the fall.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn. Germineaza after 20 weeks to 2.8 ˚ C.
Properties and Uses - strain can be used, raw or boiled as asparagus.
A. MelderIS - A Handbook of British Flowering Plants - Melderis Press, 2007
Bruce A. Bohm, Tod F. Stuessy - Flavonoids of the Sunflower family - Springer, 2001
John S. Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Cambridge University Press, 1998
Laurie Fallows - Wild Flowers and Where to Find Them in Northern England - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2004
Roger Tory Peterson, Margaret McKenny - Wildflowers Northeastern / North-Central North America - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1998
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.