Scientific name - Cirsium palustre
Synonyms - Carduus palustris L., Cnicus palustris (L.) Wild
Popular names - cirsio di Palud, cardo paludous, CIRS des Marais, tourbieres, marecageuses prairies, marsh thistle.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous Biennale, 1.2-1.5 m high. In the first year form a rosette of leaves thorny, deeply lobate and furry inside. Stem solitary, erect, viloasa to tomentoasa; spin wings. Leaves alternate, Sesia, decurente, elliptic-oblong-lanceolata, 15-30 x 3.10 cm, Pinata-fidate, spiny toothed, thorns of 2-6 mm long. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, deeply lobed pinatifide with thorns. Peduncle 0-1 cm long. Involucre ovoid-campanulata, 1-1.5 x 0.8-1.3 cm, bracts and verf nested there. Raceme blossom compound with 2.8 capitula, flowers tubular, hermaphrodite and pentamere. Corola violet open up to white, 1.1-1.3 cm, corolla tube 0.5-0.7 cm, the 5 lobes 0.3-0.4 cm, style 0.2 cm. Blooms in June-September. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit achenes, obconica, surface plate, 0.3 cm long, 0.9-1.1 cm doll. 2n = 34.
Tolerances - tolerate moderate drought.
Requirements - grows well on acidic soils and moist in full sun.
Management - in areas where this species is invasive, can combat it manually before baking Rupr flowers from seeds or ground breaking strain. Chemical herbicides can be combated when the plant is 12-25 cm tall, in period of prosperity, or rosette of leaves in the fall.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn. Germineaza after 20 weeks to 2.8 ˚ C.
Properties and Uses - strain can be used, raw or boiled as asparagus.
A. MelderIS - A Handbook of British Flowering Plants - Melderis Press, 2007
Bruce A. Bohm, Tod F. Stuessy - Flavonoids of the Sunflower family - Springer, 2001
John S. Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Cambridge University Press, 1998
Laurie Fallows - Wild Flowers and Where to Find Them in Northern England - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2004
Roger Tory Peterson, Margaret McKenny - Wildflowers Northeastern / North-Central North America - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1998
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Rhipsalis grandiflora Haworth 1819
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.