Scientific name - Cirsium palustre
Synonyms - Carduus palustris L., Cnicus palustris (L.) Wild
Popular names - cirsio di Palud, cardo paludous, CIRS des Marais, tourbieres, marecageuses prairies, marsh thistle.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous Biennale, 1.2-1.5 m high. In the first year form a rosette of leaves thorny, deeply lobate and furry inside. Stem solitary, erect, viloasa to tomentoasa; spin wings. Leaves alternate, Sesia, decurente, elliptic-oblong-lanceolata, 15-30 x 3.10 cm, Pinata-fidate, spiny toothed, thorns of 2-6 mm long. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, deeply lobed pinatifide with thorns. Peduncle 0-1 cm long. Involucre ovoid-campanulata, 1-1.5 x 0.8-1.3 cm, bracts and verf nested there. Raceme blossom compound with 2.8 capitula, flowers tubular, hermaphrodite and pentamere. Corola violet open up to white, 1.1-1.3 cm, corolla tube 0.5-0.7 cm, the 5 lobes 0.3-0.4 cm, style 0.2 cm. Blooms in June-September. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit achenes, obconica, surface plate, 0.3 cm long, 0.9-1.1 cm doll. 2n = 34.
Tolerances - tolerate moderate drought.
Requirements - grows well on acidic soils and moist in full sun.
Management - in areas where this species is invasive, can combat it manually before baking Rupr flowers from seeds or ground breaking strain. Chemical herbicides can be combated when the plant is 12-25 cm tall, in period of prosperity, or rosette of leaves in the fall.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn. Germineaza after 20 weeks to 2.8 ˚ C.
Properties and Uses - strain can be used, raw or boiled as asparagus.
A. MelderIS - A Handbook of British Flowering Plants - Melderis Press, 2007
Bruce A. Bohm, Tod F. Stuessy - Flavonoids of the Sunflower family - Springer, 2001
John S. Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Cambridge University Press, 1998
Laurie Fallows - Wild Flowers and Where to Find Them in Northern England - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2004
Roger Tory Peterson, Margaret McKenny - Wildflowers Northeastern / North-Central North America - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1998
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.
Geranium pratense - beak stork
Herbaceous perennial, stems pubescent, erect, branched dichotomy. Leaves opposite, the parties to lobate-acute, 5-7 lobed, margin evening. Flowers symmetric radiator Corola blue-purple, 5 petals obovata, 2 cm, 5 sepa lanceolata, mucronata, ovary superior, 10 stamens united at the base. Blooms in June-August.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - was first described by R. Hilsenbeck and W. Bojer, in 1857. Originally from Madagascar, which grows at high altitudes, on rocks.
Kalanchoe eriophylla - epiphytic species, herbaceous perennial, 30 cm height. Decumbenta strain or swing. Leaves opposite, Sesia, in rosettes at the base, language juicy, sub-ovoid, 10-35 x 6-17 mm, pubescent, base truncata or amplexicaule, top obtuse, margin entire or crenata.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.