Scientific name - Cirsium palustre
Synonyms - Carduus palustris L., Cnicus palustris (L.) Wild
Popular names - cirsio di Palud, cardo paludous, CIRS des Marais, tourbieres, marecageuses prairies, marsh thistle.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous Biennale, 1.2-1.5 m high. In the first year form a rosette of leaves thorny, deeply lobate and furry inside. Stem solitary, erect, viloasa to tomentoasa; spin wings. Leaves alternate, Sesia, decurente, elliptic-oblong-lanceolata, 15-30 x 3.10 cm, Pinata-fidate, spiny toothed, thorns of 2-6 mm long. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, deeply lobed pinatifide with thorns. Peduncle 0-1 cm long. Involucre ovoid-campanulata, 1-1.5 x 0.8-1.3 cm, bracts and verf nested there. Raceme blossom compound with 2.8 capitula, flowers tubular, hermaphrodite and pentamere. Corola violet open up to white, 1.1-1.3 cm, corolla tube 0.5-0.7 cm, the 5 lobes 0.3-0.4 cm, style 0.2 cm. Blooms in June-September. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit achenes, obconica, surface plate, 0.3 cm long, 0.9-1.1 cm doll. 2n = 34.
Tolerances - tolerate moderate drought.
Requirements - grows well on acidic soils and moist in full sun.
Management - in areas where this species is invasive, can combat it manually before baking Rupr flowers from seeds or ground breaking strain. Chemical herbicides can be combated when the plant is 12-25 cm tall, in period of prosperity, or rosette of leaves in the fall.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring or autumn. Germineaza after 20 weeks to 2.8 ˚ C.
Properties and Uses - strain can be used, raw or boiled as asparagus.
A. MelderIS - A Handbook of British Flowering Plants - Melderis Press, 2007
Bruce A. Bohm, Tod F. Stuessy - Flavonoids of the Sunflower family - Springer, 2001
John S. Rodwell - British Plants Communities - Cambridge University Press, 1998
Laurie Fallows - Wild Flowers and Where to Find Them in Northern England - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2004
Roger Tory Peterson, Margaret McKenny - Wildflowers Northeastern / North-Central North America - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1998
Vat Bojnanska, Agaita Fargasovai - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.